WILLS & ADMONS - Pt II

 

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FENDALL, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1204, 1791
This is the last will and testament of me John Fendall of Great Portland Street, London [Doctor, Sugar Broker] ...
* He is possessed of a messuage lands hereditaments with appurtenances called Dudshill in Upper Sapey, Herefordshire left him in the will of his late uncle William Barnes Clark subject to certain legacies, some discharged some not. He hereby gives this property to his friends George Savage of Middle Hill, Worcestershire and Edward Rogers of Dowdeswell, Gloucestershire and their executors for a term of 500 years from the date of his death upon trust and on the expiration of the term or sooner ...
... to his wife Sarah Fendall for her natural life, and after her death to his son John Fendall and his heirs for ever. And if his son John Fendall dies in his lifetime then the property to his daughters Mary Fendall and Harriett Fendall and their heirs for ever ...
... and his trustees to use "the 500 year term" to raise mortgages where necessary to honour the legacies that remain unpaid; once the legacies have been discharged then the "500 year term" ceases to exist. He asks his son John Fendall to take the estate in lieu of any money owed to him.
* All his personal property to his wife Sarah Fendall and he appoints her as his sole executrix.
Signed : John Fendall 11 November 1786.
Witnesses : Wm Hopkins, John Hen_, Charles Stephens.

Proved at London 6 May 1791 by the oath of Sarah Fendall widow to whom admon was granted.

(I believe this John Fendall to have been a Doctor/Surgeon in 1763, and to have gone into partnership with James Lodge sugar merchant/broker in 1777. Fendall invested a large sum of money into the business only for Lodge to immediately pay his own debts with it and bankrupt the partnership. Proceedings began in early 1778, the case in Chancery of "Lodge v Fendall" was part of them, but the proceedings were not completed until after John Fendall's death in February 1791. A second case in Chancery "Fendall v Nash" followed and dealt with the protection of children of bankrupt parents ... these children named above and elder son William - mentioned in William's own will. Full details in "The curious case of John Gardner's ledger" on my Gloucester page.]

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1204 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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FINCKE, Johan Christian - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2073, 1848
This is the last will and testament of me Johan Christian Fincke of 60 Breezers Hill in the parish of St George, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner.
* To his wife Emily 200, and all his household furniture, plate, china, wearing apparel, and other household effects.
* All residue of estate to his executors upon trust to sell, and then invest the proceeds, so as to pay the interest and dividends to his wife Emily, through her natural life providing she remains his widow and brings up his children namely, John Albert, Emily Catherine, and Mary Anne. And on the death of his wife to be equally divided amongst his children.
* Appoints his friends Diederich Schwinge of Christian St scum boiler, and Archibald Blair McGuffie of Hackney gent, as his executors.
Signed : Johan Christian Fincke on 20 July 1846.
Witnesses : W L Howell of Ratcliffe Highway and ? Barrett.

Proved at London on 13 April 1848 by the oaths of both executors.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/2073 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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FRYER, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1670, 1823
In the Name of God Amen. I John Fryer of Upper Homerton, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To be buried in a coffin of oak and lead, 'in a vault belonging to me in Hackney new church yard' with his two infant children.
* To his nephews William Fryer of London, and Christopher Fryer of Masham in Yorkshire, the two eldest sons of his brother George Fryer, his freehold three-pan sugarhouse with two dwelling houses adjoining in Duncan Street, Whitechapel, together with the one-pan scumhouse, yards, gardens, and premises at the same, and all the utensils, fixtures and plant belonging to the same, that is now worked by he and his partner, as tenants in common. He mentions repairs, alterations and improvements he has made since purchasing the properties a few years ago for 8000. He states that if the two nephews wish not to run the business, then his current partner Harm Rohrs should be given a refusal of a short lease. Also if either current partner dies then the sugarhouse to be worked out, and their capital ascertained and paid to their estate.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Fryer, his brother George Fryer of Harmby N Yorkshire farmer, and his friend Othwell Tomlin of Richmond N Yorkshire solicitor, as his executors.
* 10,000 to be placed in trust in Government funds, the interest and dividends from same to be paid to his wife Elizabeth Fryer during her life, and following her death it shall be divided into two equal parts. The first part shall go equally to all his nephews and nieces the sons and daughters of George Fryer who attain the age of 21 years, except William and Christopher named above. The second part shall go equally to all his nephews and nieces the sons and daughters of his sister Mary Naper of Harmby in N Yorkshire, who attain the age of 21 years.
* He states that he leaves nothing to his father as he has considerable property and very sufficient income.
* To his orphan nephew William Fryer Tomlin, son of his late sister Margaret Tomlin by her late husband John Tomlin, 1500 when 21 years old, and in the meantime such interest and dividends as necessary to go towards his upkeep.
* To his sister Mary Naper 200.
* To his wife Elizabeth Fryer 300, as well as all his estate at their leasehold dwelling house in Upper Homerton, and liquors, furniture, linen, books, plate etc. He mentions the considerable beauty of their house, and the enjoyment they have had there.
* In the event of his wifes death, whether she has remarried or not, he bequeaths to his nephew William Fryer Tomlin his best mahogany dining table, the rosewood drawing room suite of tables, and the drawing room chairs. Also to his nephews William & Christopher all his books together with the mahogany bookcase.
* He adds the appointment of William & Christopher Fryer to the list of executors/trustees as he thinks the duration of his will may be rather long.
* All the rest of his estate, following his wifes death, to his brother George Fryer.
* He asks that the executors give mourning to the clerks at Duncan St and the servants at Homerton.
* 150 to each trustee.
Signed : John Fryer on 12 February 1823.
Witnesses : Samuel Bergers, William Steinmetz, Adam Steinmetz of Upper Homerton.

Codicil : He has become worried that he has been over-generous with his bequests, and that his money will not go far enough ... then he states that he is sure his father will forego the advance he made to him of 3100 for the purchase of the freehold of Duncan St ... he then states that he is now sure there will be far more money in his estate than he thinks. Dated 17 April 1823.

Proved at London on 15 May 1823 by the oaths of the three original executors.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1670 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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FRYER, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1507, 1810
This is the last will and testament of me William Fryer of Duncan Street, Whitechapel, Sugar Refiner ...
* His property in the partnership concern with the late John Bradburne and now Charles Bradburne his son approximates to 10,000+. He holds some bonds mortgages and notes, and 20 shares in the Eagle Insurance Office.
* His debts are : 900 to his uncle Christopher Fryer of Barningham, Yorks ; 600 to his friend William Pease of Hutton Henry, Yorks ; 200 at 3% to Mrs Scott of Kirby St, Hatton Garden.
* All his just debts and funeral expenses be paid.
* His executors to gather all monies from insurance, mortgages, bonds and notes, and from the sale of his stocks and his shares in the business partnership, and to dispose of it thus ....
* To his father William Fryer farmer of Middleham, Yorks, his sister Mary Fryer spinster of the same place, his sister Margaret Tomlin the wife of John Tomlin farmer of Thornton Steward, Yorks, 500 each.
* To his executors 2000 in trust to be invested, the dividends and interest to be paid to his father William Fryer, and after his death the interest and dividends from 1000 each to his sisters Mary Fryer and Margaret Tomlin.
* To his executors 1500 in special trust and confidence to be invested, the dividends and interest to be paid to the support and education Charles William Walthew of Bethnal Green until he reaches 24 years when he is to be paid the capital of 1500 in order for him to set up in business, the executors being requested to help and advise regarding a suitable apprenticeship etc. If he should die before age 24 then the interest/capital to his children in the same way, and if he leaves no children then the capital to be shared equally amongst the brothers and sisters of William Fryer.
* To his brother George Fryer farmer of Harmby, Yorks, 1000, and after his death to be shared equally amogst his children.
* To his brother John Fryer 1000.
* To Margaret Fryer his fathers old housekeeper 200.
* To Elizabeth Caesar wife of Mr Caesar haberdasher of Whitecross St, London, 100.
* Appoints his brother John Fryer law stationer of Chancery Lane, London, and his friends Matthew Craven of Clapton and Nicholas Temperley of Gloucester St, Sugar Refiners, as his executors, and gives them 100 each for their troubles.
* All the rest and residue equally to his brothers and sisters John, George and Mary Fryer, and Margaret Tomlin.
* Gives mourning rings to those his brother John Fryer thinks fitting, and mourning to the clerks and servants employed at Duncan St.
Signed : William Fryer 1 September 1809.
Witnesses : Richard Dames of Leman St, Charles Bradburne of Duncan St.

Codicil :
* To his executors a further 500 to add to the 1500 in trust for Charles William Walthew. This, along with the 2000 left to his father William Fryer, shall not be laid out as instructed in the will, but his brother John Fryer shall have the use of it for the running of the sugar refining business at Duncan St so long as he remain in partnership with Charles Bradburne for a maximum of 7 years. He shall take a bond with the other two executors to secure the 2000 in trust for Charles William Walthew at an interest of 5% to be paid twice yearly, and shall secure a similar bond for the 2000 for his father William Fryer.
* Appoints John Fryer and Nicholas Temperley guardians of Charles William Walthew.
* To his God-daughter Margaret Maria Fryer, daughter of Mr Christopher Fryer of Shadwell 20.
* His watch to William Fryer clerk in the Banking House of Fuller, Cornhill.
* To Mrs Bulmer wife of John Bulmer farmer of Yorkshire 20.
Signed : William Fryer 2 December 1809.
Witnesses : Charles Bradburne Duncan St, Joseph Fryer Hatton Garden.

Second Codicil :
* Revokes the legacy of 100 to Mrs Caesar of Whitecross St, but gives her 30.
* To Mrs Mary Mayes of 10 Coopers Row 10.
* To Miss Elizabeth Davies of Clapham Common 100., and a valuable ring or other piece of jewellery.
Signed : William Fryer 8 December 1809.
Witnesses : Charles Bradburne, Ralph Peacock.

Proved at London with two codicils on 20 January 1810 by the oaths of all three executors.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1507 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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GADSDEN, James - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1497, 1809
In the name of God Amen. James Gadsden now of St Thomass Square, Hackney in the County of Middlesex, but late of Gt St Helens, London [Sugar Refiner] ...
* All his debts, funeral expenses etc, to be paid.
* To his cousin James Gascoigne late of Tower St London Sugar Broker but now of Loughton in Essex 200.
* To his acquaintance John Hawkins of Mare St, Hackney, Gent 20.
* To his acquaintance Thomas Hampshire of Homerton, Hackney, Gent 20.
* To Elizabeth Shroves now of late of Holborn Lane, Chatham, his late housekeeper who quit her service on account of her poor state of health an annuity of 20 a year paid half yearly.
* To Elizabeth Barrand his present housekeeper 50, and 10 for mourning. Also 3 old silver tablespoons, 4 old silver tea spoons, the bedstead and furniture in the fore garrett, and all his wearing apparel, shirts, stocks, stockings and handkerchiefs, and such of his kitchen furniture that his executors think will be of use to her.
* To the trustees of the charity school of the St Ethelburgh Society 200 in 3% Bank Annuities, the interest and dividends to be put to the benefit of the children in their care.
* To the trustees of the charity school of the Parish of St John Hackney 1500 in 3% Bank Annuities, the interest and dividends to be put to the benefit of the children in their care.
* To the executors (Philip Gadsden, Thomas Morris & Willian Drayton) of his late brother Christopher Gadsden of Charleston, South Carolina, Merchant 2000 in trust for the grandchildren of the said Christopher Gadsden, and that the sum shall be divided equally amongst the said children of his nephew Thomas Gadsden, his niece Mary Morris and his nephew Philip Gadsden in such a manner as Martha Gadsden widow of Thomas Gadsden, his niece Mary Morris and Catherine Gadsden the wife of Philip Gadsden shall order with respect to their respective children upon them reaching the age of 21 years.
* To his sister [-in-law] Ann Greenwood of Charleston formerly wife of his late brother Thomas Gadsden 500 for her own use.
* To his nephew James William Gadsden son of his late brother Thomas Gadsden 1000 and all his printed books and printed papers that may be thought of use to him. In case of his death then the 1000 to be placed in trust for the benefit of any children he may have.
* To his nephew Thomas Gadsden 500.
* He directs his executors to distribute rings to the value of one guinea each to such of his friends as they think proper, to not exceed 20.
* To Andrew Robson of Aldgate Haberdasher 150 for his work as executor.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his cousin Ann Hume of Clayhill, Enfield, widow for her own use, and after her death to her 2 daughters and her son on them reaching the age of 21 yrs.
* Appoints the said Andrew Robson and Ann Hume as his executor and executrix.
Signed : James Gadsden on 21 April 1806.
Witnesses : Thomas Trundle of Crosby Sq London solicitor, Ann Jane Trundle of same place.

Proved at London on 12 May 1809 by oaths of Andrew Robson & Ann Hume.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1497 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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GARMS, Johann Friedrich - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1832, 1834
In the name of God Amen. I Johann Friedrich Garms of Betts Street Ratcliffe Highway, Sugar Boiler ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his daughter Margarete Rhrs wife of Herman Rhrs of Osborn Street sugar refiner 10 for mourning.
* To his daughter ?tha wife of John ?Drew of Radcliffe Highway butcher 10 for mourning.
* To his daughter Eliza Garms who lives with him 10 for mourning.
* To his dear wife Alheid Garms all the rest and residue of his estate, money, property, household goods and furniture plate linen china and effects.
* Appoints his wife Alheid Garms as his sole executrix.
Signed : Johann Friedrich Garms on 24 September 1832.
Witnesses : Andres Von Glahn of Betts St, George Vorwerg of 32 Lt Alie Street.

Proved at London on 11 June 1834 by the oath of his executrix.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1832 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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GARMS, Jost - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1957, 1842
This is the last will and testament of me Jost Garms of Coburg Street, Clerkenwell, in the County of Middlesex, Sugar Refiner.
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid in full.
* To Mary Ann Evans his housekeeper his leasehold house where he resides in Coburg St, with all his household furniture, plate and china for her own absolute use. Also 100 three and a half percent Bank annuities.
* To his nephew Christopher Garms of Coppice Row, Mdx, Sugar Refiner, 1000 three and a half percent Bank annuities, and all his horses and wagons, carts and carriages.
* To Mr A ?Walbarton, Minister of the Hamburg Chapel at the corner of Trinity Lane in the City of London 50 for his own use.
* To the German School in Alie Street, Goodmans Fields, 25.
* To each of his five brothers and sisters 125 three and a half percent Bank annuities, and in case they have died, then to their children.
* The residue of his estate to be invested by his executors and the interest to be paid to Mary Ann Evans, and on her death to Christopher Garms.
* Appoints William Tringham of Cunninghan Place, St Johns Wood, and Christopher Garms as his executors.
Signed : Jost Garms on 19 January 1842.
Witnesses : C J Lord clerk to Messrs Willoughby & Jaquet, 13 Cliffords Inn, and Martin Kine, carpenter to Joseph Tringham & Sons, Sugar Refiners of Coppice Row.

Proved at London 11 February 1842 by the oaths of both executors.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1957 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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GIESCHEN, Cordt Hinrich - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1556, 1814
I Cordt Hinrich Gieschen of the parish of St George, Sugar Refiner ...
* To be interred in the Burial Ground of St Georges Lutheran German Chapel in Little Aliff Street.
* To his beloved brother Claus Heinrich Gieschen all his worldly goods chattels plate etc., for his sole use after first discharging his debts and funeral expenses.
* Appoints his said brother executor and revokes all previous wills.
Signed : Cordt Hinrich Gieschen on 5 May 1814.
Witnesses : Berne Otten, Charles Yule, John Morton.

Proved at London on 28 May 1814 by the oath of Claus Heinrich Geischen.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1556 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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GILES, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1745, 1828
This is the last will and testament of me Thomas Giles of Stockwell Surrey and also Water Lane Tower Street in the City of London Sugar Cooper ...
* To Hannah Haines, wife of William Haines wheelwright 50.
* Appoints Joseph Brown of Lawrence Pountney Lane merchant and James Hobsell Gordon Heath of Suffolk Lane gentleman as his trustees and to Joseph Brown 50 for any trouble he may have in this role.
* To his trustees all his freehold messuages lands tenements etc, and them to pay all interests and profits annually to his daughter Elizabeth Appleton for her natural life, and then to her heirs. The premises may eventually be sold, the monies raised to be divided equally amongst the entitled children of Elizabeth Appleton and her husband Henry.
* Both his leasehold houses in Water Lane, monies in funds, stock in trade, book debts, household furniture and all the rest and residue of his personal estate after the payments of all just debts and funeral expenses to Henry Appleton, and then to his heirs.
* Appoints Henry Appleton as executor of his will.
Signed : Thomas Giles 10 March 1821
Witnesses : James Cooper of Barking Church Yard, William Coop of 15 Gt Tower St, William Jones of 5 Charlotte St Blackfriars Rd.

Proved at London 15 September 1828 by the oath of Henry Appleton.

[My thanks to Ray Ison.]
[Public Record Office PROB 11/1745 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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GILES, William - summary of Bank of England No. 45063
William Giles, Cooper, of Water Lane, Tower Street and of Rye Lane, Peckham.
* Died possessed of : 2300 4% and 112 Long Annuities to be transfered to his executors.
* Appointed his wife Elizabeth Giles and William Carter as his executors.
Will dated : 27 November 1811
Proved : 22 March 1816

In the similar BOE No. 54708 of his widow Elizabeth Giles, from her will proved 22 October 1817 by the oath of sole executor William Carter, other members of the Giles cooper families are mentioned ...
* To Elizabeth Appleton daughter of Thomas Giles 10 in Bank Long Annuities.
* To Mary Ann Giles, Elizabeth Giles, Daniel Giles, and Thomas Giles, children of her cousin Daniel Giles 10 in Bank Long Annuities each.
* To her brother William Sutton 10 in Bank Long Annuities.
* To her sister Bridget Birdsall wife of William Birdsall, and 10 in Bank Long Annuities.
* To her nephew William Birdsall son of William Birdsall 10 in Bank Long Annuities.
... though there were insufficient funds for these legacies.

[My thanks to Ray Ison.]

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GOODHART, Emanuel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1491, 1809
In the Name of God Amen. I Emanuel Goodhart of the Parish of Barking at Ilford Essex Gentleman ...
* To his three sons Jacob Goodhart, Emanuel Goodhart and Joseph Goodhart his freehold estate in St Ann's Middlesex consisting of a dwelling house two sugarhouses and sundry other messuages tenements and lands; and the residue of his household furniture, sugarhouse utensils, ready money and outstanding debts; and all his monies in public funds, plate, linen etc, except the following legacies, to be equally divided amongst them ... his estate with the sugarhouses to valued at 3000 and son Emanuel Goodhart to be given the refusal thereof.
* To son Jacob Goodhart 6 shares in Phoenix Fire Office and 5 shares in Pelican Life Office. Also 2 leasehold houses in Greenfield St, Whitechapel.
* To son Emanuel Goodhart 6 shares in Phoenix Fire Office and 5 shares in Pelican Life Office. Also 2 houses in Narrow St, St Ann's.
* To son Joseph Goodhart 8 shares in Phoenix Fire Office and 2 shares in Sierra Leon Company and 4 shares in Pelican Life Office. Also all his freehold lands messuages and tenements in Denmark St, St George's in the East.
* To each of his sons a leasehold house in Hackney Terrace, along with a field.
* To Jane Harson a leasehold house in West Ham for her life along with all the furniture in her bedroom, and the interest on 1000 at 5% for her life, and on her death the 1000 to go to Allis Goodhart his granddaughter.
* To John Helwig if living 50.
* To George Gaveller 10 and a mourning ring.
* To St Ann's Charity School for Girls 100.
* Appoints George Gaveller of St George's Sugar Refiner, his son Jacob Goodhart of St George's Sugar Refiner, his son Emanuel Goodhart of St George's Sugar Refiner and his son Joseph Goodhart of St George's Sugar Refiner as his executors.
Signed : Emanuel Goodhart 18 November 1804
Witnesses : George Wicke, Christopher Ringer, William Happin.

* To Samuel Weggen 20.
Signed and dated 8 January 1805

Proved at London with a codicil on 28 January 1809 by the oaths of all four executors to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1491 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

## This will was registered at the Bank of England on 4 February 1809. Some monetary details were recorded but none for the many properties.
Emanuel Goodhart had 5 investment accounts ...
       9119.12.6    3% Consols      @ 67      6110.2.11
         1972.7.8    3% Reduced     @ 68       1538.9.2
         1800.0.0    4% Anns          @ 83       1494.0.0
         7000.0.0    5% Navy         @ par      7000.0.0
             50.00    Imperial Anns   @ 7½        375.0.0
                                                          16,517.12.1
... and this money was available to the executors.
It had been annotated in 1822, stating that both Joseph Goodhart and Jane Harson had died.

[My thanks to John Spence for these two wills.]

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GOODHART, Jacob - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2219, 1855
I Jacob Goodhart of the parish of Streatham in the County of Surrey, Gentleman ......
* To his three sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart his freehold estate in Streatham with the furniture therein, except ...
* .... To his friend [and Housekeeper] Miss Emma Lyon, from his bedroom, the winged wardrobe, two escritoires, three ? curtains she herself made, sofa, arm chair, wash hand stand and two toilets, two dressing glasses, carpet, footpan, and a list of articles she brought with her and belonging to her.
* To Emma Lyon 200 per annum Annuities providing that she does not enter marriage, in which case it should go to his granddaughter Emily Whalley for her life.
* The residue of his estate, monies etc, other than the legacies, to his three sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart , the house, stabling, greenhouses, outhouses and land, with fittings and furniture therein, being valued at 10,000, should be first offered at that sum to his oldest son Jacob Emanuel. If he refuses then to Joseph Henry at the same sum but including a three acre field at Tooting. And if he refuses then to John. If all refuse, then it shall not be sold, but she go to his male heir he allowing a portion to the other branches of the family.
* To his son Joseph Henry, his to freehold houses in Greenfield Street.
* To his son John, his two freehold houses in Pennington Street.
* To each of his sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart, he gives five shares in the Pelican Life Office.
* The sum of 10,000 left in the Trade of Sugar Refining at four percent interest shall be equally divided amongst his three sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart.
* He appoints Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart, and John Goodhart Whalley as his executors.
* He asks that the establishment continues for twelve months after his death - the horses and carriages be employed by the family; Miss Emma Lyon, his Housekeeper, continues to use the house at the expense of the Executors; the annual sums of 1000 paid for the freehold sugarhouses in Ratcliffe Highway and in Pennington Street already given to his sons Jacob Emanuel and Joseph Henry Goodhart shall cease.
Signed : Jacob Goodhart, Manor House Tooting, 24 Aug 1852.
Witnesses : James Barringer, William Sorrell, Daniel Norris all of Tooting.

Codicil :
* To Mary Taylor, his cook, 30 and a years wages.
* To Abraham Chenery, his coachman, 20 and a years wages.
* To Thomas George, his footman, 10 and a years wages.
* To his ? servant Chenery, father of the coachman, 10 and a suit for mourning.
* To each of his granddaughters he leaves a ring to the value of two guineas.
* He revokes all that part of the will referring to Miss Emma Lyon, she being his housekeeper no longer.
Signed : Jacob Goodhart, Manor House, Tooting, 23 Aug 1855.

Appearing personally : Walter Chapman of Lower Tooting, surgeon, swore an oath to the genuineness of the codicil dated 23 Aug 1855.

Appearing personally : William Terrell of Tooting, grocer, swore an oath to the genuineness of the will dated 24 Aug 1852.

Proved at London with a codicil 28th September 1855 by the oaths of his three sons, John Goodhart Whalley, the grandson, having renounced the probate and execution of the will.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/2219 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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GOODHART, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1618, 1819
This is the Last Will and Testament of me Joseph Goodhart of Hackney, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife Charlotte Elizabeth Goodhart 200, and all his household goods and furniture music and musical instruments plate linen china books pictures wines spirits liquors and wearing apparel.
* To his friends George Gaviller of Clapton sugar refiner, and William Steinmetz of Homerton sugar refiner, 50 each as tribute of respect and in remuneration for the trouble they will have executing his will. He appointed these two along with his wife Charlotte Elizabeth Goodhart as his executors.
* To his executors upon trust his copyhold dwelling house in the Grove, Hackney, for his wifes residence until her death after which it should be disposed as they think fit, the proceeds then to be invested.
* To his executors upon trust 6000, the interest from which to his wife Charlotte Elizabeth Goodhart during her life, and 2000, the interest from which, immediately after the death of his wife, to be paid to his wifes sister Louisa Frederica Woide during her life. On the death of each the principal sums to fall into the residue of his estate.
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All the rest and residue of his estate in the trust of his executors, to be invested, the interest from which to be divided equally amongst his children.
Signed : Joseph Goodhart on 21 September 1813.
Witnesses : R Webb Jupp, R S Jupp, Charles Sabine Carpenters Hall.

Codicil he does not insist now that money/estate is invested, except the 6000 for his wife, but give his executors the option of continuing his business of sugar refining to the joint benefit of his family.

Appears Personally William Carr and George Oakes made oath that they were well acquainted with Joseph Goodhart and verified the handwriting at a number of questionable points in the will.

Proved at London with a codicil on 16 July 1819 by the oaths of the three executors.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1618 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HAASE, Barns Frederick - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/932, 1767
In the name of God Amen. I Barns Frederick Haase of Thomas Street, London, Sugar Refiner ...
* Appoints his wife Mary Haase and his friends Daniel Croft and Cornelius Gerhard Kettler as executors and gives them 10 guineas each for their trouble.
* To his sons Christian and Frederick Haase 300 each.
* Bond with brother-in-law Samuel Mundore and Thomas Moor for 1200 now void (but then goes to great lengths to say what should happen if it is not void).
* In trust to his executors all his money, debts, and all residue of estate and stock in trade to be sold and invested , the interest and dividends for the benefit of his family and the maintenance and education of his children.
* His household goods and furniture, plate, linen into fifth shares for his wife and children ... if his wife remarries or any of them die before age 21 yrs, then the number of shares is reduced accordingly.
Signed : Barns Frederick Haase on 15 September 1767.
Witnesses : Tho Whitby, Barns Frederick Haase jun, Wm Clarke.

Proved at London on 30 September 1767 by the oaths of Mary Haase and Cornelius Gerhard Kettler.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/932 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HACKSHAW, Edward - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/607, 1726
I Edward Hackshaw of Hogsdon [Hoxton] in the County of Middlesex Sugar Baker ...
* To his son, George Hackshaw, all the real and personal estate that he had inherited from his father, the late Robert Hackshaw. Robert had died in 1722 but Edward had not been paid by 1725, as the will was in dispute.
* To his brother in law, Mr Thomas Pitt, one hundred pounds.
* To the Rev. Mr Thomas Hall ten pounds.
* To the poor of Mr. Hall's congregation five pounds.
* After payment of legacies and funeral expenses, everything else to his son George Hackshaw. If George died young, the estate would be divided amongst :
- the sisters of Edward's late wife (Anne Burward), who would each receive one hundred pounds. They were Martha Burward, Mrs Rose Hamill and Sarah Burward.
- the rest of the estate would be shared amongst Edward's brothers and sisters, viz.: Elizabeth Hackshaw, spinster; the children of his brother, Robert Hackshaw; the children of his late brother Richard Hackshaw; and his married sisters, Mrs Vanheythusen and Mrs Pitt.
* Edward's brother in law, George Burward, was appointed guardian of George Hackshaw until his 21st birthday.
* His other brother in law, Thomas Pitt, was made sole executor.
* Edward wanted to be buried as near as possible to his late wife, with only his brothers and brothers-in-law, who lived in town, and six pall bearers in attendance.
* To each of them, and the Rev Hall, he gave a gold ring worth twenty shillings.
Signed : Edward Hackshaw on 11 January 1725/26.
Witnesses : John Heaton, Francis Hill and James Miller.

A codicil was added to pay Thomas Hall two guineas to preach a funeral sermon, and new provisions were made for the support of his dead brother Richard's children. Codicil dated 3 February 1725 /26. Witnesses : Francis Hill and James Miller.

Proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 8 February 1725/26 with Admon granted to Thomas Pitt.

Edward's son, George Hackshaw, appears once more in connection with sugar. In 1738, George is mentioned in his uncle Robert Hackshaw's will (PROB 11/693, 1738) - "I release my Nephew George Hackshaw what he owes me for Insurance on the Sugar House."

To date the location of the London sugar house has not been identified.

[Information supplied by Allan Tansley - a.g.tansley@btinternet.com]

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HALL, John - Probate - summary - 1863
Probate dated 26 January 1863 of the will and codicils of John Hall, late of Breezers Hill, Ratcliffe, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner, and Woodside, Redhill, Surrey.
Stamp duty 1050.
Sworn under 80,000.

[Edinburgh Sheriff Court Wills - copy of full original available at ScottishDocuments.com.]

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HANDASYDE, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1411, 1804
In the Name of God Amen. I William Handasyde of the parish of St John Wapping Sugar Refiner and co-partner with George Lear ...
* To the three clerks, the four boilers, the kitchen man and the women servants in his service or in that of the co-partnership at the time of his death a suit of mourning each.
* To James Wool, son of Hugh Wool and Alice his wife, 1000 to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* To his godson Benjamin Driffield Haslam, son of Richard Haslam, 100 to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* To his friend Thomas Hay of St Mary at Hill grocer 100.
* To Ann Hay, daughter of said Thomas Hay, 100 to be paid to her when she reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to her maintenance and education.
* To Mrs Hay, wife of said Thomas Hay, his best set of china and a ring to the value of five guineas.
* To Benjamin Jones, son of his friend Benjamin Jones, 100 to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* To his co-partner George Lear 100.
* To his friend John Green of Whitechapel grocer 100.
* To Mrs Lear, wife of said George Lear, a diamond ring to the value of ten guineas.
* To Mrs Curtis, the daughter of said George Lear, now the wife of William Curtis of Southgate a diamond ring to the value of ten guineas.
* To his friend John Camden 100.
* To his relation George Johnson 100.
* To Elizabeth Wool late of Upwell now of Enfield 1000.
* To Margaret Wool, the mother of said Elizabeth Wool, 100.
* To William Wool, a nephew of said Elizabeth Wool, 500.
* To Thomas Wool, a nephew of said Elizabeth Wool, 500.
* To Ann Coultard his housekeeper 100.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his great nephew William Sharp, son of James Sharp formerly of Morpeth and Jane his wife (of which Jane Sharp was his niece), the produce thereof after payment of his debts and funeral expenses to be invested by his executors and to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* Appoints George Lear and Thomas Hay as his executors.
Signed : 26 November 1803.
Witnesses : John Clement, __ __, A Townson his clerk.

Proved at London 5 July 1804 by the oaths of George Lear and Thomas Hay to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1411 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HARBUSCH, Johan Herman - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1684, 1824
This is the last will and testament of me Johan Herman Harbusch otherwise Harman Harbusch of Leman St, St Mary Whitechapel [Sugar Refiner] ...
* To be buried at a place and in such a manner as his wife Elizabeth instructs ... he may leave some instructions.
* All his debts, funeral expenses etc, to be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth all his household furniture plate linen china implements of household wine and spirituous liquer and all other moveable property and effects at his dwelling house in Leman St, and all ready money.
* Appoints his nephew Werner Hucke/Hocke late partner in trade as sugar refiner and his friends George Wicke of Church Lane Whitechapel sugar refiner and Thomas Biehl of Commercial Rd sugar refiner as his executors.
* 21,000 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities to be held in trust to his wife Elizabeth, she being paid the interest and dividends and occasional sums of no more than 1000 stock at her request. On her death the residue of the fund to go back into his estate.
* He had retained the lease and a half share in the Silver St sugarhouse ... he now gives the remainder of the lease and his share of the implements stock etc to his nephew Werner Hucke/Hocke.
* To his brother Werner Harbusch of Commercial Rd, gent, 1000.
* To his niece whose name before marriage was Catharina Elisabetha Hucke/Hocke, the daughter of his oldest sister who before marriage Catharina Elisabetha Harbusch, who was baptised in Zennern in Germany in May 1781, 3000.
* To his niece whose name before marriage was Catharina Elisabetha Werner Hucke/Hocke, the daughter of the same mother, who was baptised in Zennern in Germany in January 1783, 3000.
* To his nephew and godson George Heinrich Hucke/Hocke, the son of the same mother, who was baptised in Zennern in Germany in September 1787, 3000.
* To his nephew Johan Herman Siehls, the son of his youngest sister who before marriage was Anna Martha Harbusch, who was baptised in Oberbeisheim in Germany in March 1781, 4000.
* To his great niece Mary Catharina Hucke/Hocke, the daughter of his late nephew Johan Hucke/Hocke buried in St Geo East 30 April 1814, 500.
* To his late partner William Samler of St Andrews Hill 1000.
* To the trustees of the Eastern Dispensary in Ayliff St, Whitechapel, 100.
* To the trustees of the National School in St Mary St, Whitechapel, 50.
* To the trustees of the National School in Silver St, St Geo East, 50.
* To the trustees of the German Church in Hooper Sq 100.
* To his old servant Francis Board Griger 200.
* To Jacob Ulot, sugar boiler to his late partner Werner Hucke/Hocke, 100.
* To each of his executors 250 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities.
* The entire residue of his estate to be divided equally amongst his nephew and late partner Werner Hucke/Hocke, his nieces Catharina Elisabetha Hucke/Hocke and Catharina Elisabetha Werner Hucke/Hocke, and his nephews George Heinrich Hucke/Hocke and Johan Herman Siehls.
Signed : Johan Herman Harbusch on 3 October 1823.
Witnesses : John Rigge jun & John Astell both of 6 Cooks Ct, Carey St, Lincolns Inn.

Codicil :
* 400 upon trust and invested on behalf of the 4 children of Jacob Uloth, named Jacob Ulot in the will, namely Alexander Uloth, Elizabeth Uloth, James Uloth and Henry Uloth, and to be given them at the age of 21 years. Dated 10 March 1824.

Proved at London on 7 April 1824 by the oaths of the three executors.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1684 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HARGREAVES, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1174, 1789
I Henry Hargreaves of Lancaster Sugar Baker ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth Hargreaves his household goods and furniture that she requires for her use, and after her death to his executors.
* To his eldest son James Hargreaves and son George Hargreaves ...
- his third part or share of the Sugarhouse in Lancaster and all the other buildings and appurtenances belonging it, and the stock in hand utensils etc,
- his third part or share of the dwelling house outhouses yard and appurtenances situate in St Leonard Gate in Lancaster wherein he now lives,
- his third part or share of the several closes situate in ?Bulk in the said County which are leased by Robert Dalton,
- his third part or share of the dwelling house in Lancaster in the possession of John Nicholl,
- his six dwelling houses with their several yards back buildings etc situate in Lancaster, with his garden adjoining,
- his fields situate in Skerton called Skerton Marsh or Torrisholme Marsh now in possession of James Berket,
- his closes in ?Arncliff,
- his field in Torrisholme in the possession of Richard Hall,
- his acre of land in Torrisholme in possession of Timothy Jackson,
... and all other real estate he shall die possessed of, for them to hold equally as tenants-in-common.
* To his eldest son James Hargreaves and son George Hargreaves all his personal and household possessions except that which his wife wishes to use.
* From the above bequests his two sons James & George must pay legacies of 1500 each to his son Isaac Hargreaves and his daughters Isabella Hargreaves and Elizabeth Hargreaves.
* Each of his children James, George, Isaac, Isabella & Elizabeth shall pay to their mother during her natural life the sum of 24 each per year giving her an annuity of 120, though if Isaac, Isabella or Elizabeth have not reached the age of 22 yrs, when their legacies shall be paid to them, the executors shall pay their contributions from the estate.
* Appoints his sons James & George Hargreaves as his joint executors.
Signed : Henry Hargreaves on 29 January 1784.
Witnesses : Peter Buttellman, Isaac Birket, Edmund Bryer.

A copy of the will went to the Registry of the Archdeaconry of Richmond 21 November 1786, and admon was granted to James & George Hargreaves 29 December 1788.
Proved at London on 3 January 1789.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1174 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HARRIS, John - Will - PRO PROB 11/1359, 1801

I John Harris of the City of Bristol Esquire do make this my last Will and Testament in manner following that is to say In case my beloved wife Sarah Harris shall be living at the time of my decease I give __ to her my said Wife all my Estate Effects and Property whatsoever and wheresoever and to be at her absolute disposal subject nevertheless to the payment of my just debts and Funeral and testamentary Expenses and in that case also I appoint her my said Wife together with my Son Francis Harris Executors of this my Will. But if she my said Wife should die in my Lifetime then I give all my said Estate Effects and property whatsoever and wheresoever unto my Son Francis Harris upon the Trusts and subject to the Provisors and Directions herein after mentioned. And first In trust to Pay thereout all my just Debts and Funeral and testamentary Expenses and then to hold the residue and remainder in Trust as to one undivided fourth Part thereof for all the children of my eldest Son John Harris by his first wife equally to be divided among them share and share alike at their respective ages of twenty one years and as to one other undivided fourth Part thereof In Trust for all the children of my Son Samuel Harris by his present Wife equally to be divided among them share and share alike at their respective Ages of twenty one years. And as to the remaining undivided Moiety or half part of the said residue and remainder of my said Estate Effects and Property In trust for all the children as well born as to be born of my said Son Francis Harris equally to be divided among them share and share alike at their respective ages of twenty one years And I direct that the Interest and Annual Proceeds of the Bequests herein made in trust for my said respective Grandchildren shall in the meantime till they shall respectively attain their Ages of twenty one years be Paid applied and disposed of for or towards their respective Maintenance and Education and if any of them shall die before his her or their share or shares shall become payable then I direct that the share or shares of him her or them so dying shall be in trust for the Survivors or Survivor or others or other of them respectively and that the like benefit or right of Survivorship shall again take place as to such share or shares as may so arrive by Survivorship. And I direct that it shall be lawful for my said Son Francis if he shall think fit to pay to my respective Grandchildren or to apply and dispose of for their use benefit and advantage respectively the respective Bequests herein before made to them or any part thereof at such time or times during their respective Infancies and in such manner and form as he my said on Francis Harris shall from time to time think fit anything herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding and in the event of my said wife dying in my Lifetime I appoint my said Son Francis Harris sole Executor of this my Will. And I empower him my said son Francis Harris his Executors and admons to reimburse himself and themselves out of the said Trust Promises all the Costs and Expenses attending the Trusts Directions and Authorities herein contained. And that he or they shall not be responsible for any more Money than shall actually come to his or their hands nor with any Loss or Damage that may happen by investing or placing out any of the trust Monies and which I authorize him and them to do in or upon any Stocks Funds or Securities or depositing the same with any Banker or other Person for safe custody nor with any Loss or Damage which may happen without his or their wilful default. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal the fifteenth of March one thousand eight hundred. John Harris Signed Sealed and Published and Declared by the above named John Harris the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses thereto the words sole Executrix being first obliterated and the words together with my Son Francis Harris Executors being first interlined. Willm Thompson Catherine Davey

Codicil : to be annexed to and taken as part of the last Will and Testament of me John Harris of the City of Bristol Esquire that is to say I give and delegate to the Executors named and appointed in and by my said last Will and Testament and to the Survivor of them and to the Executors and Administrators of such Survivor full absolute and unlimited Power and Authority to compound and compromise and to agree and accept and take a Composition or Compositions Dividend or Dividends for all or any Debt and Debts Demand and Demands Sum and Sums of Money which is or are or shall or may be due owing payable or belonging to me or my Estate from any Person or Persons Estate or Estates whatsoever and to submit to reference or arbitration any amount or amounts subsisting or which shall hereafter subsist between me or my Estate and any Person or Persons Estate or Estates whatsoever and to enter into give sign seal or execute any Covenant or Covenants Agreement or Agreements Deed and Writing Receipt and Receipts Arquittaure or Aquittaures that may be necessary or expedient for the purposes aforesaid or any of them and in all other respects whatsoever I confirm and establish my said last Will and Testament In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one John Harris Signed and Sealed Published and declared by the above named John Harris the Testator as and for a Codicil to his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our Names as Witnesses in his presence and at his request the words a Codicil to having been first interlined in this attestation before our subscribing the same and before the execution of the said Will Roger Davis Willm Thompson

This Will was proven at London with a Codicil the thirtieth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one before the Right honourable Sir William Wynne, Knight , Doctor of Laws, Master Keeper or Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oaths of Sarah Harris, Widow, the relict of the deceased and Francis Harris, the Son of the deceased and the Executors named in the said Will to whom Admon was granted of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credit of the said Deceased they having been first sworn by __ duly to administer

Note in margin, not very clear even with a magnifying glass ...
On the 13th August 1825 admon with the Will & Codicil __ of the Goods Chattels and Credits of John Harris late of the City of Bristol Esq. deceased left unadministered by Sarah Harris, Widow, the relict one of the Executors of the __ legatees __ Francis Harris the Son the other Executor was __ to Sarah Harris __ the __ of John with the Will annexed __ with the Goods of __ Sarah Harris ________ died intestate

[My thanks to Pauline Adlem for this transcription.]
[Public Record Office PROB 11/1359 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HARRISON, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1340, 1800
I, Thomas Harrison, of Wellclose Square in the County of Middlesex, Sugar Baker ...
* To his wife Maria Harrison all his household goods and furniture plate linen china wines and other liquors and 50 for mourning.
* To his brothers Joseph Harrison and William Harrison, his friend William Stone of Ratcliff Highway and his partner in trade George Lilckendey 10 each for mourning.
* All the rest and residue of his effects and estate to his executors in trust, and from the annual interest and profits of which ...
* To his brother Samuel Harrison and his wife an annuity of 6 throughout their lives.
* To his wife Maria Harrison an annuity of 150 for her natural life. If she remarries the annuity reduces to 50.
* The rest and residue of the trust equally to his three children George Brucker Harrison, Thomas Harrison and Mary Harrison at the age of 23 years, though his executors have the discretion to advance sums to each of them for the purposes of trade or business or marriage.
* Appoints the said Joseph Harrison, William Harrison, and William Stone as his joint executors and guardians of his three children.
Signed : Thomas Harrison 20 February 1800.
Witnesses : William Webb Attorney of Southwark, John Butler Haberdasher of 40 Wellclose Square.

Proved at London 13 April 1800 by the oaths of Joseph Harrison, William Harrison, and William Stone his executors to whom admon was granted.

[My thanks to Eril Wangerek for the transcription from which this summary was taken.]
[Public Record Office PROB 11/1340 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HASE, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1079, 1781
In the name of God Amen. I Henry Hase of Thames Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Hase all his goods chattels estate & effects and the care of his children.
* Appoints his wife Ann Hase as his executrix.
Signed : Henry Hase on 5 August 1780.
Witnesses : Thomas Strong Attorney of Red Cross St Cripplegate and Thomas Grindley his clerk.

Proved at London on 25 June 1781 by the oath of Ann Hase widow.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1079 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HEAP, Joshua Milne - Will - summary of detail in local newspaper, 1890
Will dated 10 Jan 1890, of the late Joshua Milne Heap, of Outwood, Birkenhead, JP, and of the city of Liverpool, merchant, sugar refiner, and rice miller, who died 19 May 1890 ...
* Value of estate 332,287 14s 7d gross, and 330,472 6s 6d net.
* To each of his children 250, and to son Joseph all his shares in the Rangoon Land Co.
* To his son Joseph all his shares and interest in the goodwill, estate, and effects of their partnership business of Joseph Heap and Sons, including the freehold warehouses in Matthew St; all his estates near Rangoon, in Burma; his estate in Outwood, Birkenhead; and all his plate, pictures, jewellery, furniture, and household effects, horses and carriages.
* In trust ... more than 100,000 in English Railway preferences and debenture stocks to secure an income of 4500 a year, which is divided amongst his daughters and the representatives of his two daughters deceased, and the reversion to the trust fund is to be for the daughters' children.
* Residue of estate, in trust, for his son Joseph Heap and his daughters Frances Chadwick, Gertrude Graham, Emily Constance Heap, Beatrice Lillian Heap, Margaret Tweedale Heap, and Ethel Maude Heap, and the representatives of the late Mrs Leach and the late Mrs Croethwaite.
* Appointed as executors ... Mr Richard Ranken MP of West Derby, his son Joseph Heap of Birkenhead, and Mr Wm Arthur Weightman of Liverpool, solicitor.

[Liverpool Mercury 10 Jul 1890.]

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HEDLEY, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1758, 1829
This is the last will and testament of me Joseph Hedley of 12 Baches Row, St Leonard Shoreditch ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Hedley all his plate silver china and wine. And also 100.
* To his wifes sister Letitia Moseley 100.
* Appoints his wife Ann Hedley, John Moseley of Douglas Street, Vincent Square, and Joseph Smallwood of Greenfield Street, cabinet maker, as his executors.
* To the trust of his executors : his individual share in the leasehold premises in Wellclose Square; his shares in the Commercial Sale Rooms in Mincing Lane of which he is entitled through the will of Margaret Engell and an agreement between himself and his son Joseph Henry Hedley; his five shares in Drury Lane Theatre; his sixty shares in Atlas Assurance Company; and all his stocks and funds at the time of his death, and all the residue of his estate subject to the legacies he directs to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Hedley, the interest dividends and profits from the funds held in trust during her natural life, and following her death the same shall go to his son Joseph Henry Hedley. After the death of both, then the fund shall be divided equally amongst any children of his son Joseph Henry Hedley. If no children, then all stocks and property to be sold for money and this willed as it were the estate of his son Joseph Henry Hedley.
Signed : Joseph Hedley on 28 April 1826.
Witnesses : Charles Druce, John Druce.

Proved at London on 17 July 1829 by the oaths of Ann Hedley Joseph Smallwood and John Moseley.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1758 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HEDLEY, Joseph Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2240, 1856
I Joseph Henry Hedley of Mincing Lane, London, Gentleman, having late resided in Vienna now in London ...
* He states the terms of his late fathers will, which shows that his own two infant children, Frances Elizabeth Hedley and Florence Henry Hedley, would be provided for by it.
* Under the terms of his late mothers will he receives the rents and profits from her leasehold properties at Hedley Place and Nicholas Street, Hoxton.
* To his wife Frances Jane Hedley, daughter of Samuel Smith of Alton, Hants, all his monies and securities for money, and all his estate and effects both real and personal, including all the property he may have from the will of his late father.
* Appoints his wife Frances Jane Hedley as his sole executor, and if he leaves any children under the age of twenty one, then he appoints his wife Frances Jane Hedley as their guardian.
Signed : Joseph Henry Hedley on 28 July 1841.
Witnesses : Charles Druce, John Druce.

Proved at London 23 October 1856 by the oath of his widow Frances Jane Hedley.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/2240 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HENTHORN, Samuel - Will - summary from Cheshire Wills, 1695
In the name of God Amen. I Samuel Henthorn of the City of Chester Sugarbaker ...
* To his wife Elizabeth Henthorn 200.
* To his son William Henthorn 400 and to his daughter Elizabeth Henthorn 400 when they reach 21 years.
* To his wife, providing she remains unmarried, for the maintenance and education of his children, 3 per cent until they reach 10 years of age, and 5 per cent from then to 21 years.
* If his wife should remarry, then he commits the care and education of his children to his father Anthony Henthorn.
* Appoints his father Anthony Henthorn as his executor.
Signed and sealed : Sam Henthorn 23 February 1694.
Witnesses : Matthew Henry, Henry Lloyd junior, George Mainwaring.

Proved 6 July 1695 by the oath of Anthony Henthorn.

[Copy of full original available at Chester Wills.]

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HOLEHOUSE, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1360, 1801
In the name of God Amen. I Thomas Holehouse of St Pauls Shadwell Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts to be paid.
* The whole of his property in his sugarhouse, outbuildings, stock and utensils, with the leases to be disposed of according to the judgement of his executrix.
* The lease on his house in Tower Royal and Cloak Lane, and his share in the house in Portland Street corner of Mortimer Street near Oxford Road, together with all his household furniture, linen, plate, watches and clock, china, wearing apparel and whatever debts owed to him, to his dear wife Anne Holehouse.
* Appoints his wife Anne Holehouse as his sole executrix.
Signed : Thomas Holehouse on 11 December 1800.
Witnesses : P Williams and John Smith.

Whereas ... he was prevailed upon the previous day to execute a paper brought by his brother as his will, but as the contents were utterly unknown to him he revoked that paper and confirms that he has written his will that leaves all his property to his wife. He makes her sole guardian of his children. 10 July 1801.

Proved at London with a codicil on 14 July 1801 by the oath of the sole executrix.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1360 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HOLLEN, John von - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1963, 1842
(Extracted from the Prerogative Court of York)
This is the last will and testament of me John Von Hollen of Nursery Street, Brightside, Sheffield, County of York, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Von Hollen, all his real and personal estate of whatever nature.
* Appoints his wife Ann Von Hollen as his executrix.
Signed : John Von Hollen on 26 January 1842.
Witnesses : George Walker, sugar refiner, Sheffield, and John Thompson, solicitor, Sheffield.

Proved at London on 18 May 1842 by the oath of Ann Von Hollen, widow.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1963 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HOLMAEAR, Claus - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1950, 1841
This is the last Will and Testament of me Claus Holmaear otherwise Holmeyer otherwise Holmyer otherwise Myers of No.13 Finch Street Whitechapel in the County of Middlesex scum boiler.
* All debts, funeral expenses to by paid.
* To his son Henry his gold watch with the appendages thereto for his own use.
* To his son Claus his silver watch "in the interior of which is engraved my son Henry but which is my own property" for his own use. (to be handed to him at age when executors think him able to take care of it).
* To his son Dederich Christopher his other silver watch for his own use. (to be handed to him at age when executors think him able to take care of it).
* He appointed Trustees & Executors .... Mary (wife), John Wilson of No.19 old Montague Street shoemaker, Thomas Samuel Willingale of Phoenix Wharf Wapping coal merchant.
* All of his leasehold messuage and premises at 13 Finch Street where he works and resides, his stock in trade, implements and effects and all his book debts to be held in trust such that his wife may continue his trade of scum boiler, until his son Henry reaches the age of 21yrs, when it all shall be made over to him on the condition that he continues the business along with his mother providing she has not remarried. If he refuses to work with his mother, he shall pay her 200 per year providing she has not remarried.
* If the business becomes unprofitable, then it shall be sold, and the monies received by the Trustees.
* He gives into the trust of the his Trustees all his household furniture, plate, linen, china, beds, bedding, and other household articles, for the use of his wife providing she remains unmarried. If she marries it shall fall into the estate.
* Money and stock standing in Bank of England, and Bank for Savings for the Tower ? in Osborn Street Whitechapel ... interest and dividends to be paid to wife for her upkeep of family providing she remains unmarried. On her death to be divided between sons equally.
* Cordt Heinrich Dosscher husband of his daughter Ann, owes him 400, but he releases him from 300 of that debt.
Here he made his Mark as Claus Holmaear.
Witnessed by Chas. Champion & John Rogers Jennings, clerks to Mr Jennings, 71 Whitechapel Road.

Proved at London 27 August 1841 by the oaths of Mary Myers widow, John Wilson to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1950 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HOLTHOUSE, Christian - Admon - summary of PCC Sep 1795
Goods, chattels and effects of Christian Holthouse, late of St George's in the East, widower, deceased, was granted to Carsten Holthouse, brother ... next of kin ... below 300.

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT 484/2]

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HOLTHOUSE, Carsten - Jurat - PCC Jul 1800
Extracted from the Principal Registry of the Probate Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice.
In the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
The following is a copy of the Jurat endorsed on the will of Carsten Holthouse late of Well Close Square in the county of Middlesex sugar refiner deceased.
29 July 1800 Carsten Dirs the sole executor named in this will was duly sworn to the truth thereof also that the goods chattels and credits of the deceased will not amount to 10,000.
Before me William Adams, Surregate.
Cooper and Townsend
Proved 14 August 1800

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT 484/3]

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HOLTZMEYER, George Wolrath - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1319, 1799
In the Name of God Amen. I George Wolrath Holtzmeyer of Whitechapel Road Sugar Refiner ...
* Appoints his son Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer and Robert Charnley grocer of Snow Hill as his executors. (He had also included Jeremiah Glover sugar refiner of London, but this is crossed through with a note that Mr Glover had moved to Yorkshire 1791). To each executor 100.
* To his executors in trust 2100 in Consolidated Bank Annuities ...
- one third of which to have the dividends reinvested in same until his daughter Ann Margaret Holtzmeyer reached the age of 21 when she shall be paid the dividends and interest for her natural life. After her death her one third share to be divided equally amongst any children she may have, though if none then it shall be for the executors to add it to that of his other daughter Mary Holtzmeyer.
- one third of which to have the dividends reinvested in same until his daughter Mary Holtzmeyer reached the age of 21 when she shall be paid the dividends and interest for her natural life. After her death her one third share to be divided equally amongst any children she may have, though if none then it shall be for the executors to add it to that of his other daughter Charlotte Holtzmeyer.
- one third of which to have the dividends reinvested in same until his daughter Charlotte Holtzmeyer reached the age of 21 when she shall be paid the dividends and interest for her natural life. After her death her one third share to be divided equally amongst any children she may have.
- in the case of his daughters dying and not leaving children, their shares to be passed to their sisters, or their brother Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer if none should survive.
* If none of his children survive then monies to be divided amongst the children of his brothers deceased and living and his sister in Germany.
* To his three daughters, to be equally divided, all his furniture linen plate and all his belongings in his dwelling house, with the exception of one bed and furniture and wardrobe which is for his son Hinrich Herman.
* To his son Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer his 18 shares in Phoenix Fire Office, and all the utensils belonging to his sugarhouse, that is moulds pots pans coolers and all other things connected, and the lease of the sugarhouse and dwelling house requesting that his executors run the sugarhouse until his son Hinrich Herman is of age to take over from them.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to be equally divided amongst his four children, or however many may be living at the time of his death.
Signed : George Wolrath Holtzmeyer on 25 August 1791.
Witnesses : John Hill of Snow Hill, and Wm Carlisle and Tho Dykes clerks to Barrow & Co.

Codicil ...
* In consideration for being given the utensils of the sugarhouse, his son should pay each of his sisters 100 when convenient.
* His executors should provide for his daughters during his sons minority if they do not marry.
* If any of his daughters marry they should be given a marriage settlement of 1000 from their share of the estate.
* The 18 shares in Phoenix Fire Office to be divided equally amongst his children.
* To his daughter Ann Margaret 100 over and above what is mentioned.
* To his nephew John George Holtzmeyer 20.
* To his servant Grace Ffittz if living with him at the time of his decease 20.

Proved with a codicil at London on 15 February 1799 by the oath of Robert Charnley; Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer still being a minor to swear oath when of full age.
Proved with a codicil at London on 15 November 1803 by the oath of Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1319 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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HOWARD, Edward Charles - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1587, 1816
In the name of God Amen. This is the last will and testament of me Edward Charles Howard the son of Henry Howard late of Glossop, Derbyshire, now of Nottingham Place, Marylebone, London, [inventor of sugar refining equipment] ...
* All his property whatsoever to his executors his brother Bernard Edward Howard and his nephew Henry Charles Howard, whom he also appoints guardians of his infant children, in trust for the benefit of his children. Mention then made of his daughters Elizabeth Howard and Juliana Barbara Howard, his son Edward Howard, his late aunt Ann Molyneux, his nephews marriage to Lady Charlotte Gower.
Signed : Edward Charles Howard on 20 November 1815.

5 codicils ...
... to Charles Few of Covent Garden upon trust his three fifth shares in the patents he has obtained for the refining of sugar, 15% of income received every 3 months to be paid to John Powell now living with him with the residue to his executors. He authorizes the sale of his shares by his executors if they think fit. He asks that his establishment in Nottingham Place be kept up. He authorizes his executors to lay out parts of his childrens fortunes for their advancement if they think fit. Signed and dated 3 Sep 1816.
... if the patents yield 5000 then give to Mrs Powell wife of John Powell 500, and to the Governess of his children Miss Eaton 100. If they yield 10,000 then 200 to Miss Eaton. Signed and dated 16 Sep 1816.
... further benefit to John Powell and Henry Warburton.
... if his daughter Elizabeth Howard now living with him benefits by 5000 then give to Mrs Powell now living at his house 500, and to the Governess of his children Miss Eaton 100. If the benefit is 10,000 then to Miss Eaton a further 100. Signed and dated 26 Sep 1816.
... with regard to indentures with Henry Howard and James Wold for sums of 20,000, 5000 and 10,000, he now declares these the vested interests of his children immediately after his death, with the children benefiting at 4% per annum until they reach the age of 21 when they benefit by their shares of the principal sums. Signed and dated Sep 1816. Witnesses : William Babington, C Few, John Powell.

Appeared personally ... Charles Few, Thomas Hamilton, Thomas Jennings to swear to the accuracy etc of the will, there being considerable dispute regarding certain alterations pertaining to the benefits arising to Charles Few. Signed and dated 14 Dec 1816. Also a second appearance by Charles Few for the same reason. 24 Dec 1816.

Proved at London 30 December 1816 by the oaths of both executors.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1587 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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ILLIES, Luder - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/707, 1740
In the Name of God Amen. I Luder Illies of Worthfleth in the parish of Wersabe in the Bishoprick of Bremen in Low Germany but now in the City of Bristol ...
* To his brother Diedrich Illies all the estate goods and effects he inherited from his late father.
* To his brother Diedrich Illies all his wearing apparel, except linen, and 40.
* To his sister Margreta Buse wife of Deidrich Buse of Rechtenfleth 20, and to the said husband his watch, pair of silver buckles and hat.
* To his sister Motcke Reiners wife of Cord Reiners of Warfleth 20.
* To his sister Gissel Illies single woman 20.
* To his sister Imcke Addix wife of Liborius Addix of Utlede 20.
* To the churchwardens and overseers of the parish church of Wersabe 10 to be put towards the adorning and beautifying of the church.
* To his friend Margaret Seiben wife of his friend John Seiben sugar boiler of Bristol 5 for mourning.
* To his godson John Seibben son of John Seiben 20 to be paid when he reached age of 21 years.
* To John Seiben the elder 10 for a suit of mourning, and all his linen.
* All rest and residue of his estate after his just debts and legacies are paid to John Seiben the elder, who he appoints his sole executor.
Signed : Luder Illies 20 January 1740.
Witnesses : Christian Meyer, Roger Arthur.

Proved at London 19 February 1740 by the oath of John Seiben the elder to whom admon was granted.

[My thanks to Ann Hentschel.]
[Public Record Office PROB 11/707 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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IRESON, Daniel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/846, 1759
In the Name of God Amen. I Daniel Ireson of Wellclose Square Sugar Baker ...
* To son John Ireson 2300 at age 21 years and in the meantime the same invested by his executors with the interest going towards his maintenance and education as required.
* To son George Ireson 2300 at age 21 years and in the meantime the same invested by his executors with the interest going towards his maintenance and education as required.
* To daughter Mary Ireson 2300 at age 21 years or on the day of her marriage which ever the earlier and in the meantime the same invested by his executors with the interest going towards his maintenance and education as required.
* If any of the above shall die before maturity, their legacy to be divided between the survivors.
* If his copartnership with Rudolph Meyer and John Markham exists at the time of his death, he wishes his wife Elizabeth Ireson to enter into the copartnership in his place. If necessary she is to fund the legacies to her children from the copartnership paying 5% for monies used.
* To friends Robert Pycroft and John Markham sugar baker 50 each.
* To his wife Elizabeth Ireson all the rest and residue of his money goods chattels and personal estate.
* No more than 20 be spent on his funeral.
* Appoints Robert Pycroft, John Markham and his wife Elizabeth Ireson as his executors.
Signed : Daniel Ireson 15 June 1736
Witnesses : Rudolf Meyer, William Curryer

Codicil ...
* Since making his will he has another son Rudolf. He asks that 500 be taken from the legacies of each of his above mentioned three children and 300 from rest and residue of his estate to make 1800 for Rudolf Ireson on the same conditions as above. 16 February 1745.

Codicil ...
* Since making his will he has another daughter Sarah. He asks that 300 be taken from the legacies of each of his above mentioned four children and 100 from rest and residue of his estate to make 1300 for Sarah Ireson on the same conditions as above. 17 February 1748. He notes that son John already has 1000 of his legacy.

2 May 1759 ... George Bagwell Ireson of St Botolph Without Aldgate Sugar Refiner the natural and lawful son of Daniel Ireson deceased and Thomas Ward of St Botolph Aldgate Sugar Refiner swore that the alterations, additions and codicils to the will were those of Daniel Ireson who died 13 December 1758.

Proved at London with two codicils 3 May 1759 by the oath of Elizabeth Ireson widow.

[My thanks to Ray Ison.]
[Public Record Office PROB 11/846 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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ITTERNE, Godfrey von - Will - summary of Lloyd f.120 Sep 1686
(margin:- Tm Godfredi Von Itterne)
"In the Name of God Amen I Godfrey Von Itterne of the City of Bristoll Sugarbaker ... indisposed in body but of sound ... mind ... last Will and Testament as followeth -"
Imprimis Soul to God etc. Body to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of Executors
Item - all debts "I doe really owe" at his death to be satisfied and paid first
Item - to loving Wife Abigail 200 in money and also all her jewels rings clothes and "pockett money that shee hath in her custody" and 20 for mourning and she is to have the same allowance that she now has "out of the worke of my stock" continued for one whole year after his death
Item - to son Samuel 1000 to be paid him at 24 years unless testator's Executors see reason for paying it sooner and "that hee carry himselfe as a dutifull son and an Apprentice ought"
If testator dies before son Samuel is bound an apprentice to such Trade or Calling as his Executors and Samuel shall think fit then the Executors are to pay for placing him an apprentice out of testator's other estate "without abateing any thing out of the said Legacie" of 1000
Item - to son Samuel testator's watch
Item - to son Godfrey Von Itterne 600 to be paid him at 21 and also his silver "Table booke"
also to Godfrey all testator's messuage or tenement with appurtenances situated in the fforrest of Deane co. Gloucester now in the possession of "one William Rock" which tenement was purchased by testator's wife from 'one Everard Collis"
Item - to daughter Susanna Von Itterne 700 to be paid her at 21 years or day of marriage whichever happens first
Item - to daughter Sarah 600 to be paid her at 21 years or day of marriage ditto
Item - to daughter Abigail 600 ditto ditto
Item - to daughter Deborah 600 ditto ditto
In case any of his children die before their respective legacies become due then the share of the one or ones who die shall be divided equally amongst the rest
Item - the respective "portions" given to son Godfrey and daughters Sarah Abigail and Deborah and the interest shall be dealt with from time to time by testator's wife Abigail to their best advantage till it is due to each respective child
To wife Abigail the use of all his household goods and plate as long as she remains his widow but if she marry then she is to pay to his six children viz Samuel Susanna Sarah Abigail Godfrey and Deborah or those that are then living so much money as the household goods and plate shall be valued at equally between them
Item - all the gold "I shall leave behind me" is to be divided equally amongst the married and unmarried children
Item - all the rest and residue of his goods chattels and estate not already bequeathed to go to his five unmarried children viz Susanna Sarah Abigail Godfrey and Deborah equally
But if such estate as he leaves to be divided over and above that herein bequeathed shall make his unmarried daughters' portions larger than those of his two married daughters then his two married daughters shall have the portions already given them made equal to those of his unmarried daughters
Item - to daughter Andrews his "Ebbony Cabinett"
Item - to son in law George Andrewes and his wife 15 for mourning
Item - to son in law Joseph Hooke and his wife 15 for mourning
Item - to his other children unmarried 40 between them for mourning
Item - to cousin "Anthony Woods Widow" 6 for mourning
Item - to the poor of the parish of St. James City of Bristol 20 to be invested at the direction of the Churchwardens for the time being and the interest to be paid to the poor annually for ever
Item - to Mr Thomas Horne Minister of the said parish 40/-
Item - to "severall poore Ministers" 20 to be distributed at the discretion of his Executors
Item - to the poor of the parish of St. James 3 to be "laid out" in bread
Item - to his "servant maids" 40/- each for mourning
His Executors and "the majority and survivors of them or their heires" are to sell his half part of the sugar house situated in Lewens Meade in the City of Bristol as well as possible and immediately use the money from this to pay testator's debts and legacies and none of his Executors are to be liable for any losses ... etc. etc. etc. and they are to have their expenses etc. etc.
Wife, sons in law George Andrews and Joseph Hooke and loving friends Michael Pope Merchant, James ffisher Grocer , William Burgis Grocer, and Benjamin Smith - Joint Executors - desiring them to "be carefull" in seeing his Will performed and each of them is to have 5 in money "as tokens"
Lastly he revokes all former wills
Dated 14 June 1686
Godfrey Von Itterne
Witnesses - Morgan Phillips, Jeremiah Mayre, Thomas Gardner, Ozziell Browne
Proved - London (P.C.C.) 14 September 1686 by Abigail Von Itterne relict, George Andrewes, Joseph Hooke, Michael Pope, James ffisher, William Burgis and Benjamin Smith Executors to whom admon. was granted etc. etc.

[Transcribed by I V Hall. Bristol Record Office - BRO 36772 Box 3]

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JOHNSON, Christian - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1032, 1777
In the Name of God Amen. I Christian Johnson of Green Street Leicester Fields in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner
* He confirms the assignment and trust deed made by him to Mr George Wolf of Wellclose Square for the disposal of 370 and directs the same sum and all the rest and residue of his estate to Mr Anthony Fortune and his (CJ's) niece Margaret Fortune for their own use for ever.
* Appoints Mr George Wolf sole executor of his will.
Signed : Christian Johnson. 24 June 1775.
Witnesses : Niels Trarre, Niels Frarris.

Proved at London 6 June 1777 by the oath of George Wolf to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1032 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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JUXON, John - snippet of Will 1626
[NB. This is a huge will.]
* To his wife Judith Juxon 900 which he hopes she will continue to invest in the family sugarhouse in Walbrook, London, in partnership with his brother Arthur Juxon for 4 years, and that she will also live at the sugarhouse ... otherwise 900 cash within 6 months of his decease.
* His investment in the East India Company to be sold and the 1500 to be invested in the sugarhouse with the profits from that money going to benefit his 5 children.
Signed : 17 August 1626.
Proved : 27 November 1635.

[PRO PROB 11/150/112. Full transcription in "The Journal of Thomas Juxon" ed. Lindley & Scott, CUP, 1999.]

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JUXON, Thomas - snippet of Will 1672
Thomas was a partner in a sugarhouse for some years after his apprenticeship in 1637, but it does not figure in his will at all. His will shows numerous properties in the south of England and in Ireland.
Signed : 6 June 1672.
Proved : 21 Dec 1672.

[PRO PROB 11/340/147. Full transcription in "The Journal of Thomas Juxon" ed. Lindley & Scott, CUP, 1999.]

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KEBBERLING, John Conrad - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1809, 1832
I John Conrad Kebberling of Sheffield in the County of York Sugar Refiner
* All his Parliamentary and Government stocks and securities, both in his full name and that of Conrad Kebberling, to his executors in trust.
* To be raised from the dividends and interest of the said stocks and securities, an annuity of 30 by even weekly payments to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling for his natural life.
* To his wife Sophia Kebberling the rest and residue of the dividends and interest from those same stocks and securities for her natural life.
* After the death of his wife Sophia, without prejudice to the annuity to his son Samuel Ebenezer, from the stocks and securities mentioned 200 to his daughter Sophia Hudson the wife of Robert Hudson of Sheffield druggist for her own sole use. And one moiety of the said stocks and securities to the said daughter Sophia Hudson for her natural life and after her death the same to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling with him paying 15 per year to the child or children of his deceased sister. And the other moiety of the said stocks and securities to his daughter Maria Bembridge wife of John Bembridge of Sheffield for her natural life and after her death the same to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling with him paying 15 per year to the child or children of his deceased sister.
* All his household goods furniture plate linen china and books and all other shares and property belonging to him at the time of his death in the Sheffield Fire Office and the Sheffield Gas Light Company and all his other personal estate to his wife Sophia Kebberling.
* Appoints his wife Sophia Kebberling, friend Henry Gouldthorpe of Sheffield haft dresser and friend William Darrvent of Sheffield cooper as his executors and trustees.
Signed: John Conrad Kebberling 26 May 1831
Witnesses: Thomas Branson, Henry Lowther.

Codicil regarding the annuity to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling. If his son shall at any time assign or transfer that annuity or any part of it in any way, or his son shall at any time become bankrupt, or benefit from relief, the annuity will cease immediately.
Codicil executor Henry Gouldthorpe has died. Nominates a substitute and appoints John Carr of Sheffield surgeon to be trustee and executor.

Proved at London with two codicils 31 December 1832 by the oaths of Sophia Kebberling widow and William Darrvent and John Carr.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1809 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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KNIES, Andrew - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1509, 1810
In the name of God Amen. I Andrew Knies of Well Close Square in the parish of St George in the East ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his niece __ Klippell daughter of his late brother Francis Knies his freehold messuage in Hesse Cassel for her natural life, and after her decease equally amongst her children.
* To Theophilus Pritzler the Elder of Chelsea, twelve months after his decease, his freehold messuage and premises at 43 Well Close Square where he now resides for his natural life, and after his decease to his wife Mrs Frances Pritzler if she be alive for her natural life, and after her decease to their daughter and his goddaughter Marianne Varlo wife of Captain Varlo and her heirs for ever. His brother John Balthazar Knies to be permitted to live in the premises for the twelve months after the testator's decease.
* To his executors in trust his freehold premises in Princes Square St Geo East consisting of a sugarhouse and sundry messuages to be sold at a good price which is to become part of his personal estate.
* To his executors in trust his freehold premises at 10 Well Close Square to be conveyed to Mary Ann Knies Itter daughter of Andrew Itter of Wentworth Street Spitalfields sugar refiner and her heirs for ever on her attaining the age of majority subject to the life of Johannes Itter of Greenfield Street as hereinafter mentioned, but if she should die before age of 21 years then on the death of Johannes Itter the premises to be sold and the money become part of his personal estate. His execs to pay the rents and proceeds of the premises to Johannes Itter for his natural life, after his death to Mary Ann Knies Itter, but if Johannes Itter dies during the minority of Mary ann Knies Itter the payments to Andrew Itter for her maintenance and education.
* To his brother John Knies 1000; if he has died then equally to his children on reaching the age of 21 years.
* To his nephew John Knies son of John Knies 300.
* To his brother John Stephen Knies 1000; if he has died then equally to his daughters on reaching the age of 21 years.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies 6000; if he has died then to become part of his residual estate.
* To the child or children of his late niece __ Duderick 2000 equally on reaching 22 years of age, in the meantime the capital to be invested with the interest used for the maintenance and education of the said child or children.
* To Marianne Varlo wife of Captain Varlo of Woolwich his silver tea kettle and stand.
* To his neice __ Klippell 1200; if she has died then equally to her children on reaching the age of 22 years, and he appoints Melchior Duderick as their guardian and trustee.
* To his godson Andrew Klippell son of niece __ Klippell 500 to be invested and the interest used for his maintenance and education during his minority.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies his jewels clocks watches rings plate trinkets looking glasses, his large diamond ring, and all his household furniture for his sole use.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies, Melchior Duderick and the three Ministers of the Reformed Church in Hesse Cassel where he was confirmed 500 to be invested with the interest to be distributed annually a week before Christmas to the poor people of Hesse Cassel considered to be "proper objects of charity" not giving less than one or more than five dollars to any one person.
* To the Waisen House [orphanage] of Hesse Cassel 500.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies 200 in trust to be given amongst the poor people of Hesse Cassel considered to be "proper objects of charity".
* To the Elders of the German Reformed Church in the Savoy 200 for the benefit of the church and also 100 to invested with the interest being distributed amongst the poor.
* To the Minister of the German Reformed Church in the Savoy 10 for mourning and a mourning ring, and to the organist, the organ blower and the pew opener five guineas each.
* To the son and daughter of the late James & Jesse Savage 100 equally for their own use.
* To the Middlesex Society for Educating Poor Children in the Protestant Religion in Cannon Street Road 50.
* To the Tower Hamlets Society for Educating Poor Children in the Protestant Religion in Pell Street 50.
* To the Phoenix Firemen's Fund 100.
* To the Mulbery Garden Chapel in Pell Street 100, and to the Minister Rev Robert Stodhart 50 and a mourning ring, and five guineas each to the prayer reader and the clerk, and two guineas each to the pew openers.
* To his execs 3000 to be invested with the interest to his godson Andrew Itter for his natural life and after his death for the benefit of his widow Mrs Mary Itter and their children equally.
* To his godson Andrew Itter two shares in Phoenix Fire Office and two shares in Pelican Life Insurance Office and 10 for mourning and a mourning ring. Also his china and glasses.
* To Margaret Itter, Mary Ann Itter and John Itter children of his cousin Johannes Itter 500 each, and a further 10 each for mourning, and appoints their father Johannes Itter as their trustee and guardian during their minority.
* To his cousin Johannes Itter all his shirts and wearing apparel.
* To his execs 1500 to be invested with the interest to his cousin Johannes Itter and his wife Mary Itter for their natural lives, and after the death of the later of them the capital sum equally amongst their children. Also a mourning ring to both of them.
* To his cousin Johannes Itter his table and bed linen, but nothing shall be removed from his house until his brother John Balthazar Knies arrives from abroad so that he might use them as long as he is in England providing that does not exceed twelve months.
* To Mary Wood of Gloucester Street Commercial Road widow of his late friend James Wood 50 and 5 for mourning.
* To Ruth Ward widow of Captain Anthony Ward 200 and 5 for mourning.
* To Margaret Bocht 100 and 5 for mourning.
* To his goddaughter Sarah Smallwood formerly Sarah Engel 20 for mourning and a mourning ring.
* To his goddaughter Ruth Batger 20 for mourning and a mourning ring.
* To the daughter of the late Andrew Wilks 20.
* To the daughter of the late Balthazar Wilks 30.
* To Theophilus Pritzler the Elder, his wife and daughter 20 each for mourning and a mourning ring, and also the debt of 1150 on bond dated 1793 from Theophilus Pritzler along with all interest due.
* To Mrs Walbery five guineas.
* To the Missionary Society of which Doctor Hawes is a member 50.
* To Mary Griffith niece of Mrs Wood seven guineas for mourning and a ring.
* To the daughter of the sister of Mary Marlow Williams his late son's _?_ ten guineas.
* To Mary Browning his cook 50 and "the bed and bedding compleat whereon she lays"...
... to Rebeka? Fenwick his housekeeper 100 and "the bed and bedding compleat whereon she lays"...
... to Ralph Winter his manservant 150; and to each seven guineas for mourning. He directs that immediately after his death Johannes Itter is to pay these three 10s a week each whilst they remain in his house awaiting the arrival of his brother.
* To Lucy Allwright wife of Thomas Allwright tallow chandler ten guineas.
* To Ruth Ward a further 10.
* To Mr H Sass of corner of King Street Holborn ten guineas.
* To John Coope of Osborn St sugar refiner and Henry Batger of New Road cabinet maker 100 for there troubles as execs.
* There is 500 plus interest due on bond from Theophilus Pritzler the Younger ... he directs this to go to Theophilus Pritzler the Younger and his sister Marianne Varlo equally.
* All the rest and residue of his personal estate and effects ... one third part to his brother John Balthazar Knies, one third part to his brother John Stephen Knies, one sixth part to the children of his niece __ Duderick, and one sixth part to his niece __ Klippell.
* Appoints John Balthazar Knies, Johannes Itter, Theophilus Pritzler the Elder, John Coope and Henry Batger as his executors.
Signed : Andrew Knies 11 June 1808.
Witnesses : Richard Rutson, Henry Brown, John Younger.

Proved at London 30 March 1810 by the oaths of John Balthazar Knies, Johannes Itter, John Coope and Henry Batger the surviving executors to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1509 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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KNUPPEL, Wilhelm - summary of Probate 1897
Knuppel William of the 'Cock and Neptune' St George's-street Middlesex died 8 May 1897 Probate London 31 May to William Green gentleman and Henry John William Box licensed-victualler Effects 3890 9s 8d.

[TNA National Probate Calender.]

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KORFF, Frederick - summary of Will 1863
This is the last will and testament of me Frederick Korff of 4 Devonshire Terrace, Victoria Park Road, South Hackney, Sugar Broker ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his brother William Thomas Korff his silver cup won by his yacht Yda [his mothers name - BM], his diamond ring, wearing apparel, linen and other personal ornaments. If William dies first, then these items to fall into the residue of his estate.
* All the rest and residue of his estate in equal shares to his brother and sisters William Thomas Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff, or those that are living at the time of his death.
* Appoints his brother and sisters William Thomas Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff as his executors.
Signed : Frederick Korff on 28 September 1859.
Witnesses : A Goodwin solicitor 4 Essex Court Temple, C Bower 6 Devonshire Terrace.

Died on 8 December 1862 at 4 Devonshire Terrace.

Proved at London 17 January 1863 by the oath William Thomas Korff of the same address.

[With thanks to Denise Thompson.]

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KORFF, William Conrad - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1700, 1825
In the name of God Amen. I William Conrad Korff of Hackney Road, Middlesex, [Sugar] Broker ...
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To Yda Aallofs who for many years has lived with me all his household goods plate linen china and household furniture in and about his dwelling house for her absolute use.
* All rest and residue of his estate to his executors, to convert into money and invest in public funds or stocks upon trust for Yda Aallofs, and George William Korff, Anna Maria Korff, John Korff, Catherina Korff, Frederick Korff, and William Thomas Korff my reputed natural children by the said Yda Aallofs and any further children he may have by her, shared equally. The share to be paid to Yda Aallofs as soon as possible, with the shares to each of his reputed sons to be given when they reach the age of 21 years, and the shares to each of his reputed daughters to be given when they reach the age of 21 years or marry whichever the earlier. The interest from the shares of his reputed children, whilst still below the age of 21 years, to be paid to Yda Aallofs for their respective maintenance and education, or to another executor for the same purpose should she die. In the event of a child or children dying before the age oe 21 years, their respective share to be divided equally amongst Yda Aallofs and the surviving children.
* Appoints Yda Aallofs and George Soltau or William Soltau of Green Lettuce Lane, City of London, Merchant, as executors and guardians.
Signed : William Conrad Korff 26 May 1803.
Witnesses : Thomas Dawes and John Spottiswood his clerk.

Codicil : I William Conrad Korff this 1 April 1817 ... having seen his eldest son George William Korff become established, he hopes to see the others do the same ... however he wills that ...
* Any spare money, along with his funds in a named investment, shall be put to interest for the benefit of Yda Aallofs, and she shall also have his furniture etc including plate, except the grand piano which is the sole property of his daughter Anna Maria Korff, or if she should die then her sister Catherina Korff. After Yda Aallofs death all to be divided equally amongst his children. It is to be understood that Yda Aallofs is to fully support his chidren until they are earning their own living in the case of his sons and married in the case of his daughters. When any of the children marry they are to receive the same as George William Korff did.
* His second son John Korff is about to embark on a career in ship building [ NB. It is this John Korff after which Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia is named - DT ] and when he has served his time and wishes to set up in business then half or the whole of his share shall be made available to him for that purpose.
* His third son Frederick Korff is a bound apprentice to his father. When his time is out his father hopes he will be taken into partnership by [sugar] brokers Mr John Chapman & his brother George William Korff, or partner his brother, or set up in business himself.
* His fourth son William Thomas Korff is too young to have settled a situation and shall be kept by Yda Aallofs along with his sisters Anna Maria Korff and Catherina Korff.
Witnesses : John Korff and Anna Maria Korff.

Appeared Personally : John Francis Chapman of 63 Fenchurch St London Sugar Broker and David William Witton of the same Merchant made oath that the handwriting and wishes of the codicil were those of William Conrad Korff deceased. Signed 27 May 1825.

Proved at London with a codicil on 13 June 1825 by the oaths of Yda Aallofs and William Soltau.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1700 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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KORFF, William Thomas - summary of Will 1871
This is the last will and testament of me William Thomas Korff of 4 Devonshire Terrace, Victoria Park Road, South Hackney, Sugar Broker ...
* All real and personal estate and effects equally amongst his brother and sisters Frederick Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff, or those that are living at the time of his death.
* Appoints his brother and sisters Frederick Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff as his executors.
Signed : William Thomas Korff on 28 September 1859.
Witnesses : A Goodwin solicitor 4 Essex Court Temple, C Bower 6 Devonshire Terrace.

Died on 26 August 1871 at 107 Victoria Park Road (formerly known as 4 Devonshire Terrace).

Proved at London 25 September 1871 by the oath of Catharina Korff of the same address the sole surviving executor.

[With thanks to Denise Thompson.]

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KCK, Peter - Will - PRO PROB 11/2171, 1853
This is the last will and testament of Peter Kck of Christian Street in the parish of St George in the County of Middlesex sugar refiner in manner following (that is to say) first I direct that all my just debts funeral and testamentary expenses to be fully paid and satisfied. I give and bequeath unto my wife Eleanor Amelia Kck all my household furniture plate linen china wines liquors and other household effects and my books for her absolute use and benefit. I also give and bequeath unto my said wife an annuity of the yearly sum of one hundred and twenty pounds payable quarterly during her natural life or as long as she shall remain my widow and from and after her second marriage then in lieu and stead of the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds I give and bequeath to her an annuity of twenty pounds a year only payable quarterly for and during her natural life. The first payment of the said first mentioned annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds to be paid at the end of three calendar months after my decease and the first payment of the said last annuity of twenty pounds to be paid to her at the end of three calendar months from the time of said second marriage the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be charged and chargeable upon and yearly issuing and payable out of all the singular estate situate and being in Christian Street aforesaid and existing of several sugar houses and other buildings the one of which said sugar houses was heretofore my leasehold estate but now by reason of a recent purchase by me at a private auction of the freehold thereof (together with the freehold of the adjoining sugar house and premises in the occupation of Messrs Schroders) the same has become and now is my freehold property although not yet been converted to use. And I hereby declare that in case the said annuity or yearly rent charge of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be or any part thereof shall be in arrear by the space of twenty days next after any of the said days therein before appointed for payment thereof then and in such case and as often as the same may happen it shall be lawful for my said wife and her assigns to enter into and obtain the said sugar houses and buildings and other hereditements therein before charged or any part thereof and to sell and dispose of the distress and distresses then and there found or otherwise to act therein according to law in the manner as in case of distresses for rent reserved by laws or common business. To the intent that thereby or otherwise the said annuity or yearly rent charge of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be and every part thereof and all rents charges and expenses occasioned by the non-payment thereof shall be lawfully paid and satisfied. And I also declare that in case the said annuity or annual rent change of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be or any part thereof respectively shall be in arrear for the space of thirty one days next after any of the said days therein before appointed for payment thereof then and in such case and so after as the same shall happen it shall be lawful for my said wife and her assigns from time to time to enter into and upon and to hold the said sugar houses buildings and other hereditements or any of them or any part thereof and to recover any take the rents and profits thereof to her and their own use and benefit until thereby and otherwise she or they shall be lawfully paid and be satisfied the annuity or yearly rent charge and the arrear thereof did at the time of such entry and which shall afterwards become due during her or their said in possession of the same premises together with all rents charges and expenses which she or they shall sustain by occasion of the non-payment thereof and with possession when taken to be without impeachment of waste. I give and bequeathed unto my niece Ann Garms residing with me at my house at Leytonstone in the County of Essex the sum of three hundred pounds. I also give and bequeath unto my son and executor hereinafter named the sum of two hundred pounds. I wish to pay the same unto the proper hands of Elizabeth Cooper previous Elizabeth Tilley the mother of my said son and executor to and for her own use and benefit free and independent of her present or any future husband and I declare that her receipt alone notwithstanding her present or any future overture shall be a good and sufficient disclaimer to said executor. I also give and bequeath unto the trustees of the German & English School situate in Little Alie Street in the parish of St Mary Whitechapel in the County of Middlesex the sum of fifty pounds to be applied by them for the benefit of the said School. I also give and bequeath unto the trustees of the German Chapel situate in Little Alie Street aforesaid the like sum of fifty pounds to be applied by them for the benefit of the said Chapel. _ as to all the Rest Residue and Hereditements both Stock and Equity real or personal or of collective nature or kind the same or consist of I give devise and bequeath the same and every part thereof but declare as aforesaid with the said annuity so given to my said wife unto my natural son Peter Tilley the child of the said Elizabeth Cooper formerly Elizabeth Tilley by me the said Peter Kck and who is commonly named and known as my son Peter Kck and now carries out the business of Sugar Refiner in partnership with me the said Peter Kck of Christian Street aforesaid to hold the same unto my said son Peter Tilley his heirs sworn and administrators and assigns absolutely for ever for his and their own use and benefit. And I particularly request and desire that my said son Peter Tilley shall upon becoming entitled to the said property as given and devised to him by this my Will take upon himself and use the name of Peter Kck. And I appoint my said son Peter Tilley sole Executor of this my Will having cancelled and made void all former and other wills by me at any time heretofore made and declare this to be my only true Will. In witness thereof I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty one Peter Kck - Signed and declared by the testator Peter Kck as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us both present at the same time who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto to set our names as witnesses hereto Wm Horsley Solicitor & Frank Chambers clerk for Wm Horsley & Co of the same place.

This is a Codicil to the last will and testament of me Peter Kck as follows (that is to say) whereas by my said last will and testament I have give and bequeathed unto my niece Ann Garms the sum of three hundred pounds and unto my son and executor the sum of two hundred pounds upon the trusts in the said will mentioned now I the said Peter Kck hereby direct that the said two several legacies of three hundred pounds and two hundred pounds shall be charged upon and payable out of all and any of my freehold estate or estates wheresoever situate I may be devised of or otherwise entitled to. And I do hereby charge the said several legacies on such freehold estate and estates accordingly and in all other respects I ratify my said Will on witness whereof I have to this Codicil set my hand this sixth day of May one thousand eight hundred and fifty one Peter Kck - Signed and declared that the testator [Peter] Kck as and for a codicil to his last will and testament in the presence of us both at the same time who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our hands as witnesses thereto Wm Horsley & Frank Chambers City Chas Herbert.

This is a second Codicil to the last will and testament of me Peter Kck whereas I have by my said will and testament given and bequeathed unto my wife Eleanor Amelia Kck an annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds now I do hereby give and bequeath unto the said Eleanor Amelia Kck a further annuity or yearly sum of eighty pounds for and during the term of her natural life and as long as she shall remain my widow and unmarried a second time to be enjoyed by her in addition to the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds given and bequeathed to her as aforesaid such further annuity of eighty pounds to be paid and payable quarterly together with and at the same times and in the like proportions and charged and chargeable upon and yearly issuing out of the same heriditments and premises in Christian Street and with the like powers of entry and distress and entry respectively in case of arrear for twenty days and thirty one days respectively as are mentioned appointed and declared in and by my aforesaid Will with respect to the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds. And I ratify and confirm my said Will and first codicil therein in all other respects. In witness whereof I have to this second codicil set my hand this fifteenth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty two Peter Kck - Signed and declared by the said testator Peter Kck as and for a codicil to his last will and testament in the presence of us both present at the same time who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our hands as witnesses thereto Wm Horsley Geo V Flutt.

Proved at London with two codicils the 27th May 1853 before the worshipful Jesse Addams Doctor of Laws and Surrogate by the oath of Peter Tilley the sole executor to whom admon was granted having been first sworn _ to administrator.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/2172 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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KCK, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2189, 1854
This is the last Will and Testament of me John Kck of No.2 Rodney Terrace East, Mile End Road in the County of Middlesex, Gentleman. [Sugar Refiner]
* All debts and expenses to be paid out of his personal estate as soon as possible after his decease.
* He appoints his friend Benjamin Neale Dalton of Park Road Stockwell, his nephew Samuel Tamatoa Williams of Pauls Terrace, Balls Pond, and his wife Elizabeth Kck as his executors and trustees.
* To his wife Elizabeth Kck all his books, wearing apparel, linen, glass, china, wines and liquors, and her jewels and trinkets for her own disposal.
* All his other household furniture, plate, pictures to his wife Elizabeth Kck for her life, but asks that an inventory is taken and signed so that on her death these items can then go to his daughter Elizabeth wife of Benjamin Clark Mummery for her own disposal.
* He gives legacies ....
- to William Aaron Barff Williams nephew 100.
- to Lr Garms nephew 100.
- to each executor 150 for their trouble.
- to the Minister and Churchwardens of the German Lutheran Church in the Savoy London 100.
* His trustees shall, during the life of William Ford, continue to pay the annual premium of 47 to Policy No.9871 with the Norwich Life Insurance Society, strictly in order to secure payment of 800 on the death of William Ford.
* He gives all leasehold messuages/tenements in Fredericks Place, Mile End, and all his monies, securities, shares, debts and income at time of decease, and the income from an insurance policy, etc to the executors for them to take full control of , and to deal with as they think fit. Shares were in East & West India Docks, East London Waterworks, West Middlesex Waterworks. They shall invest or continue to invest all monies etc as they think fit, but the named shares not to be sold until after the death of his wife.
* The trustees shall pay to his wife Elizabeth Kck the annual sum of 250 free of property tax and all other deductions by half yearly instalments, and pay the residue of any dividends interest etc to Elizabeth Mummery, and after the death of his wife to pay all dividends interest etc to Elizabeth Mummery, and then to any child or children she may have in due course. If no child or children, then to go to the children of his two sisters Triene Garms widow now residing at Rockstedt in Germany and Gretje Mohrman deceased.
* He revokes all previous wills.
Signed : John Kck on 29 Nov 1849.
Witnesses : John Vaisey of Grays Inn and J Savile Vaisey of 27 Southampton Row.

Proved on 13 April 1854 by oaths of Samuel Tamatoa Williams and Elizabeth Kck.

[ Additional information from Keith Hazell ... "John Kuck married Elizabeth Williams the sister of John Williams the famous missionary and martyr who discovered the island of Rarotonga, christianised most of the South Pacific, and was eventually killed and eaten by cannibals on the island of Erromanga in the South Hebrides, known today as Vanuatu. John Williams was born at Tottenham on 29 June 1796 and killed on 20 November 1839. Of the ten children born to John and his wife Mary Chawner, only three survived the rigours of life among the natives of the South Seas. These were as follows:
John Chawner Williams born 7 January 1818 in Tahiti, Society Islands (eventually British & US Consul in Samoa).
Samuel Tamatoa Williams born 20 November 1826 at sea off Raiatea, Society Islands (eventually a Baptist Minister). Samuel was given the name of Tamatoa, who was a native chieftain much respected by John Williams.
William Aaron Barff Williams born 5 February 1833 at Rarotonga, Cook Islands (eventually a Wholesale Stationer). William Aaron was named Barff after another missionary who was a friend and colleague of John Williams." ]

[Public Record Office PROB 11/2189 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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LANCKENAU, Johann Friedrich - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1657, 1822
This is the last will and testament of me Johann Friedrich Lanckenau of Bristol, Sugarboiler...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his nephew Claus Lanckenau, of Messrs Craven & Company, Sugar Refiners of London, 100.
* To his brother Diedrich Lanckenau, sugar refiner of New York 300; and in the case of he having died, then the sum to be divided equally amongst his children.
* To the widow of his late brother Herman J [Harm Jurgen ?] Lanckenau being his second wife, and their daughter, 60 each.
* To John Lanckenau son of said brother and widow, now being in London 100.
* To his sister Hemke Margarethe Thal, wife of John Thal, 300; and in the case of she having died, then the sum to be divided equally amongst her children.
* To his mother-in-law? Ann Lanckenau 100; in the case of her having died, then the sum to her daughter Triene Stoffer, wife of Stoffer, and in case of her death, to her children.
* To his nephew Henry Mangels of London, son of his deceased sister Triene Adelheit Mangels of Amts Schoenebeck near Bremen in Germany, 100.
* To each of the children of his deceased sister Triene Adelheit Mangels, except Henry, 60.
* To John Henry Bohmer, accountant of Bristol, 100.
* To Maria Dollman, spinster of Bristol, 10.
* To Ann Mary Barkler 50, and her daughter Sarah Barkler 30.
* To Mrs Margaret Thomas, widow of Lower Maudlin Lane, Bristol, 20.
* To the following, 10 each for mourning : John Henry Stockfish, sugar refiner of Bristol, his wife and all their children; George Lilkendey sugar refiner of London and his wife; John Stephens of Stokes Croft, baker, and his wife, and his mother-in-law Mrs Bohmer; Frederick Charles Husenbath, provisions merchant of Bristol; John Evans, John Haicat, Teddy Fedden, and Richard Gillham, labourers at Messrs Ames, Clayfields & Wrights, Sugar Refiners of Bristol.
* To his nephew Diederich Lanckenau, sugarboiler at Messrs Ames, Clayfields & Wrights, 600; and in the case of he having died, then the sum to be divided equally amongst his children.
* Appoints Diederich Lanckenau, Matthew Wright sugar refiner of Bristol, John Henry Stockfish, and Fredrick Charles Husenbath as his executors.
Signed : Johann Friedrich Lanckenau on 7 June 1819.
Witnesses : George Bengough, solicitor, and Alfred Whitaker, clerk.

.... Now translated from the German .... [a codicil]
The undersigned Johan Friederich Lanckenau now residing at Erve declares that after his decease ...
* To his brothers daughter or Dierck Pfennekohls daughter-in-law Adelheit Margrete Lanckenau of Erfe 12,000 dollars as well as whatever is owing to him from people at Erve. And also the pew in the Choir of Lesum Church.
* The provisions already made for the rest of the family stand as written.
Signed : Johann Lanckenau on 23 April 1820.
Translated by Frederick Pfeiffer, notary public, London, 14 February 1821.

Proved at London with a codicil on 13 May 1822 by the oath of Frederick Charles Husenbath.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1657 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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LEAR, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1633, 1820
I George Lear of Leytonstone in the parish of Leyton, Essex ...
* All his debts to be paid and his legacies discharged as soon as possible.
* He owes 1300 to Miss Susannah Dyson of Cambridge Heath Hackney, money she asked him to retain for her when he purchased 22 acres of land from her to add to his farm at Sewardstone. Having since sold 17 acres of his land to the Board of Ordnance for 3500 and invested the money in 3% consols in the names of his daughters trustees, he feels it right that Miss Dyson should be paid 2350. 0s. 2d.
* To his wife Mary Lear the use profit and benefit from his estate in Leytonstone during her life, also all the household furniture with horses carriage and cows and all appurtenances and 800 a year paid quarterly from the interest of his capital and the profits from his business in Brewhouse Lane Wapping under the firm of Lear, Handasyde & Hughes sugar refiners.
* To his good friend John Roberts of Ely Place 200 for the many essential services rendered during the great losses in trade since the year 1810-11.
* To his nephew William Pigburn Lear 50 a year during his life, and in consideration that he has brought him up from his infancy, maintained educated and provided for him a handsome competency, he will at his decease bequeath to Mrs Mary Ann Curtis (daughter of GL) the amount of the note of which he may be possessed at the time of his (GL's) death.
* To his [business] partners William Sharpe Handasyde and Henry Hughes 50 each.
* All the rest and residue of his estates and effects in lands houses money etc to his son-in-law William Curtis and Mary Ann Curtis his wife with benefit of survivorship and the children of her body.
* Appoints William Curtis and Mary Ann Curtis jointly as executors, and instructs that any disputes regarding his will shall be sorted out without resorting to the Court of Chancery.
Signed : George Lear 21 February 1816.

Appeared personally : Timothy Abraham Curtis of Broad Street London merchant and William Henry Cobden of Fenchurch Street London broker made oath that they where well acquainted with George Lear and that this was his handwriting. 16 August 1820.

Proved at London 18 August 1820 by the oath of William Curtis one of the executors to whom admon was granted with power being reserved to the other executor.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1633 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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LEAR, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1060, 1780
This is the last will and testament of me Henry Lear of Joiners Hall Buildings Thames Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his sister Catherine Remstadt of Sheple in the Province of Luneburg Germany 5 for mourning.
* To his wife Christina Lear all his plate linen and household furniture along with a half part of all other of his personal property estate and effects for her own personal use.
* The other half part of all other of his personal property estate and effects to his wife Christina Lear in trust, to be changed into money and invested in Government stocks, the interest to be used for the maintenance education and support of his only son Henry Frederick Lear until he reaches age of 21 years at which time all the monies investments and effects shall be passed on to him. In the event of him not surviving to 21 years, then all the monies investments and effects shall pass into the rest and residue of the estate.
* All the rest and residue of his estate of any kind to his wife Christina Lear. If she remarries she must make over to a responsible person the responsibility for her son's investments. If she does not remarry, her son on reaching 21 years must pay his mother an annuity of 20 over and above other benefits laid out above.
* Appoints his wife Christina Lear as his executrix of his will and guardian and trustee of his son during his minority.
Signed : Henry Lear 21 January 1780.
Witnesses : Mary Lear of Hoxton, Samuel Best of Castle Court Fullwoods Rents Grays Inn, N Matthew of College Hill.

Proved at London 24 January 1780 by the oath of Christina Lear widow and relict of the deceased to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1060 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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LEAR, Margaret - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1254, 1795
In the Name of God Amen. Margaret Lear of Hoxton in the parish of St Leonard Shoreditch ...
* To her daughter Mary Lear 5.
* To her son John Lear 5.
* To her grandsons Thomas & Charles Chermear? 5 each.
* To her son Henry Lear my watch.
* Requests that after her death her sugarhouse and dwelling house in Wentworth Street Whitechapel be sold and the money raised be divided as follows ...
* ... one half part to her daughter Catherine Lear ...
* ... the other half part be divided equally amongst her daughter Sarah Chermear? , her sons Henry Lear and Jeremiah Lear.
* All her wearing apparel and household furniture and all the rest and residue of her estate to her daughter Catherine Lear.
* Appoints her daughter Catherine Lear as her sole executrix.
Signed : Margret Lear 24 April 1779?.
Witnesses : William Wilson, +.

The sig above is erased so ...
Appeared personally ... Catherine Lear of Pentonville and Jeremiah Lear of the same place made oath that this was their mother's handwriting and their mother's true will. 5 January 1795.

Proved at London 27 January 1795 by the oath of Catherine Lear to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1254 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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LILKENDEY, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1668, 1823
This is the last will and testament of me George Lilkendey of Great Prescott Street in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner.
* All funeral expenses to be paid.
* To the German Church Trinity Lane in the City of London 500 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To his nephew Otto Lilkendey of Dring, Hanover 8000 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.#
* To his nephew Otto Sassen of Dring, John Henry Nicholas Batger of Holte, Henry Batger of Driftsethe, Diedrich Ahrens of Driftsethe, Margaret Batger wife of Henry above, and Maria Fricken of Holte 4000 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks to be shared equally amongst them.#
* To each of the three children of Carsten Ahrens deceased late of Buttell 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Mrs Ann Lilkendey widow of Commercial Road 300 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To John Ludewick Martin son of Elizabeth Martin of Houndsditch 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To George Vooght of West Ham, Essex son of Wm Vooght decd, 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Joseph Eardley son of Joseph Eardley of Beer Lane, City of London, 50; also to Elizabeth Eardley daughter of Joseph Eardley 50; also the remainder of the children of Joseph Eardley 200 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks to be divided equally amongst them.
* To Fanny Bauck of Islington spinster 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Charlotte Witte of Welclose Square spinster 50.
* To Elizabeth Martin wife of [James] Martin of Houndsditch 50.
* To John Stevens of High Street Bloomsbury 500 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Mary Harrison daughter of George Harrison sugar refiner of Great Garden Street 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Thomas Harrison of Spalton 50.
* To Miss Bethune of Peckham 50.
* To Mary Coombs his old servant of Botley, Oxford, 20.
* To London Hospital 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To the School, Ayliff Street, Whitechapel 20.
* To Loxstedt Church in Dring 300 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To the Boys and Girls School in Dring 5 per year being 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Henry Lilkendey, boiler with his firm Lilkendey & Harrison 10 per year being 200 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Christian Dettmar sugar refiner of Welclose Square 10.
* To Mary Harrison daughter of his late partner Thomas Harrison 50.
* To William Harrison his late partner 10 for mourning.
* To his Executors 4000 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks upon trust to pay the interest dividends etc to his wife Ann Lilkendey for her natural life, and after her death to be divided equally amongst those at # above.
* To Carsten Holthouse of Edmonton 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Richard Barrett of Stepney Causeway 100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* All residue of estate and effects to his wife Ann Lilkendey.
* Appoints his wife Ann Lilkendey, Carsten Holthouse, and Richard Barrett as his Executors.
Signed 14 August 1820 George Lilkendey.
Witnessed by Elizabeth Johnson of Gt Prescott St, and Elizabeth Spink.

Codicil ...
* To Rev Mr Borntrger Minister of Hamburg Church Trinity Lane City of London 50.
* To his servants living with him at his decease 10 each for mourning.
Witnessed as above.

Proved at London 24 March 1823 by the oaths of Ann Lilkendey widow, Carsten Holthouse, and Richard Barrett to whom admon was granted.

[Public Record Office PROB 11/1668 - copy of full original available at PRO-OnLine.]

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