WILLS & ADMONS - Pt I

 

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ACKROYD, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1662, 1822
[Thomas Ackroyd, born 5 Aug 1760 Knaresborough, Yks, late sugar refiner of London, died Bradford, Yks, 24 Sep 1822]
* To his brother William £500.
* To his sister Ann m to John Oldfield of Honley £300.
* To Richard, William & Robert sons of his brother George £200.
* Small bequests to all other brothers and sisters.
* He had unnamed property in Province of Canterbury, and property to value of £600 in Province of York.
Signed 14 Sep 1822.

[My thanks to Jon Ackroyd for this summary.]

[TNA PROB 11/1662 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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AHRENS, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1553, 1814
This is the last will and testament of me Henry Ahrens of Lancaster in the County of Lancaster, Sugarboiler...
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* He wishes his friend Isaac Grovewood, cabinet maker of Lancaster, undertake his funeral.
* To Mary Whiteside, widow, of Lancaster, £19, and Elizabeth Brindley, her servant, of Lancaster, £2, for helping during his illness.
* Appoints his uncle George Lilkendey, sugar refiner of the City of London, as his executor.
* To Hannah Mertens, his goddaughter in Germany £10.
* All the rest to be divided equally amongst such of his brothers and sisters who may be living, with the shares of those who have died going to their respective children.
Signed : Henry Ahrens on 13 November 1813.
Witnesses : George Crosfield, James Crosfield.

Proved at London on 15 March 1814 by the oath of George Lilkendey.

[TNA PROB 11/1553 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ALMEROTH, Herman - Will - PCC May 1812
In the Name of God Amen. I Herman Almeroth of Church Street in the Hamlet of Mile End New Town in the County of Middlesex sugar refiner do make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say In the first place I give and bequeath all my household furniture implements of household plate linen china goods and chattels and effects whatsoever in my present dwelling house unto my dear wife Sarah Almeroth to and for her own use and benefit during the term of her natural life in case she shall remain my widow and unmarried and after her decease or enter marriage then I give and bequeath the same furniture plate goods chattels and effects and any part thereof as aforesaid unto my daughter Alice Almeroth to and for her own use and benefit and as her own absolute property for ever but in case of her decease then such property and effects to be equally divided between my two sons Henry Almeroth and James Almeroth as their own property for ever In the [next] place I give and bequeath unto my Executors and Executrix hereinafter named the sum of two thousand two hundred pounds having five percent annuities now standing in my name in the books of the Governor and Company of the Bank of England upon trust for them to reserve the interest and dividends arising there from and pay and apply the same to and for the use and benefit of my said dear wife Sarah Almeroth for and during the term of her natural life in case she shall remain my widow and unmarried and after her decease or enter marriage then and in such case I direct that the annual sum of fifty pounds part of such principal sum of two thousand two hundred pounds may be applied yearly and every year towards the maintenance clothing and education of my said daughter Alice Almeroth until she shall attain the age of twenty three years and as to the residue of such principal sum of two thousand two hundred pounds after deducting the said annual sum of fifty pounds to be paid yearly as aforesaid I direct that the same may be equally divided between and amongst my said three children to and for their own use and absolute property for ever and as to all the thereof residue and remainder of my estate money in the funds goods chattels and effects whatsoever which I may die possessed of or interested in I give devise and bequeath the same and every part thereof unto and between my said three children to be equally divided share and share alike And lastly I do hereby nominate and appoint Henry Mum of Leytonstone in the County of Essex Esquire and Henry Martin of Osborn Street Whitechapel in the County of Middlesex sugar refiner and my said dear wife Sarah Almeroth joint Executors and Executrix of this my last will and testament hereby revoking and making void all former wills and codicils by me at any time heretofore made in writing whereof I have here unto set my hand and sealed the Fourth day of May One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twelve - Herman Almeroth ( signature ) signed sealed published and declared by the said testator Herman Almeroth as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnessed thereto - Henry Brown clerk to Mr [Ruston] Wellclose Square - Anne Dunch of 15 Stepney Causeway.

Proved at London 30th May 1812 before the worshipful Joseph Phillimore of [...] by the oaths of Henry Mum Esq & Sarah Almeroth widow being two of the Exors to whom [admon] was granted being first sworn duly to [admin] [foreversoever] to Henry Martin the other Exor.

[Transcribed from microfilm copy at FRC by Bryan Mawer]

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ALTERIETH, John Chistopher - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1515, 1810
In the name of God Amen. I John Christopher Alterieth of Hillars [Hilliard’s] Court, St George’s, Middlesex Sugar Refiner ...
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Martha Alterieth all his household goods plate linen china.
* His leasehold sugarhouse in Hillars [Hilliard’s] Court and the stock and utensils therein to be sold by his executors. The sum from the sale along with all other ready monies to be invested.
* The interest dividends and proceeds from the said invested monies to go to his wife Martha Alterieth until his sons John Alterieth and James Christopher Alterieth attain the age of twenty one years. Then one fourth part of the invested sum shall go to each sons in order that they shall set themselves up in business/trade on their own account. The remaining half share to remain invested for the benefit of his wife - when she dies to be divided equally between his sons.
* Appoints his wife Martha Alterieth and Benjamin Storock the elder Broad Place Sommers Town whipmaker as his executors until his son John Alterieth attains the age of twenty one when he replaces Benjamin Storock.
Signed : J C Alterieth on 23 December 1809.
Witnesses : ? Heedley, Susannah Gray.

Proved at London on 10 October 1810 by the oaths of Martha Alterieth and Benjamin Storock, John Alterieth having not yet attained the age of twenty one.

[TNA PROB 11/1515 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ALTHOFF, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1428, 1805
This is the last will and testament of me John Althoff of Leman St, St Mary Whitechapel Sugar Boiler ...
* All debts, funeral expenses etc to be paid.
* Appoints his friends Philip Sers tailor and Harman Harbusch sugar refiner both of Leman St as his executors.
* £300 in 5% Bank Annuities and £500 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities in trust, the profits, interest and dividends to the maintenance of his sons Henry & Thomas until age 21 years. When youngest or survivor has reached 21 years, then £100 of stock each to sons William & John, and £300 of stock each to sons Henry & Thomas.
* Instructs his executors to obtain from his brother Nicholas William Althoff of Zuschen in the Landkreis of Hesse in Germany farmer $700 now owed him, which is to be invested. When the youngest son reaches 21 years, the investment to be divided equally amongst his 4 sons.
* Residue of estate to be divided equally amongst his 4 sons.
Signed : John Althoff on 6 September 1799.
Witnesses : J Billingham, Union St, Whitechapel, and Le Cars (?).

Proved at London on 12 July 1805 by the oath of Johan Herman Harbusch.

[My thanks to June Brown for this family research.]
[TNA PROB 11/1428 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ARNEY, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1011, 1775
In the Name of God Amen. I John Arney of St Mary Whitechapel Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his son Peter Arney £500 to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years, and in the meantime the interest and dividends from same to be put towards his maintenance and education; and appoints Rev Gustav Anton Wachsel and his daughter Margaretha Arney his guardians.
* To his daughter Catharina Wachsel the interest and dividends from £400 during her lifetime and after her decease the principal sum to be divided equally amongst her children that might be living.
* To his son Scheve Arney his large silver tankard late of John Scheves.
* To his sons Peter & Scheve Arney all his wearing apparel to share equally.
* To his daughters Margaretha & Isabea Arney all his late wife's wearing apparel to share equally.
* All the rest and residue of his estate equally to his four children Margaretha, Isabea, Scheve & Peter Arney.
* Appoints his daughter Margaretha Arney spinster, William Kline and John Walker as his executors.
Signed : John Arney 23 August 1774.
Witnesses : Samuel Sheen at St Paul's & Drs Commons Coffee House, William James at Mr Althams Drs Commons.

Proved at London 27 October 1775 by the oath of Margaretha Arney to whom admon was granted.
Proved at London 31 October 1775 by the oath of William Kline to whom admon was granted.
Proved at London 13 November 1775 by the oath of John Walker to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1011 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ARNEY, Scheve - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1355, 1801
I Scheve Arney of St Mary Whitechapel, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his daughter Elizabeth Ann Arney his late wife’s gold watch.
* To his two daughters Elizabeth Ann Arney & Harriet Eliza Arney equally all his late wife’s wearing apparel.
* To his three sons George Arney, John Charles Arney & William Scheve Arney equally all his wearing apparel.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to be shared equally amogst his five children previously mentioned.
* Appoints Ludwig Witte of South Lambeth, Francis Whitaker of Mansell Street, John Christopher Wachsel of Pancras & Charles Stratfield of St Geo in East as his executors.
Signed : Scheve Arney on 21 Nov 1800.
Witnesses : none.

Appeared personally : Francis Henry Wachsel of Wellclose Square sugar refiner and Abraham Wilkinson of St Swithins Lane grocer swore on oath that they were well acquainted with Scheve Arney and that this was his will.

Proved at London on 29 April 1801 by the oaths of all four executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1355 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BAAS, Joachim Gerhard - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/927, 1767
In the name of God Amen. I Joachim Gerhard Baas of Bread Street Hill, London, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To Mary Mallard spinster £300 and to Ann Mallard spinster £100.
* To James Hammond his business partner £10.10s for mourning.
* Appoints his brothers-in-law John Savage backmaker of Wapping and James Savage ropemaker of St Georges as his executors and pays them £20 each.
* To his executors £5000 upon trust to be invested, the interest and dividends to be paid to his wife Mary Baas for the maintenance and education of their daughter Sarah Baas until she marries or reaches 21 yrs. At 21 or her marriage the principal sum to be transferred to daughter Sarah Baas. If she dies before either, then the interest and dividends to his wife Mary Baas, and if she has died then further sums of £300 to Mary Mallard and £100 to Ann Mallard with the remainder of the principal sum divided amongst his two sisters Sophia Diderica Rademacher and Maria Elsabe Rademacher and the child or children of his late sister Rebecca Alheide Waltmann.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to be converted to money, invested, and the interest and dividends paid to his wife Mary Baas, and also £1000 which she has the right to bequeath as she wishes in her will. After her death all interest and dividends to go to his daughter Sarah Baas, and if she dies them to the maintenance and education of her children.
Signed : Joachim Gerhard Baas on 2 May 1761.
Witnesses : Samuel Hellard, John Walton.

Proved at London on 11 Aril 1767 by the oaths of both executors.

The will of Mary Baas widow of the late Joachim Gerhart Baas Sugar Refiner (PRO PROB 11/1182, 1789) shows her making a series of small bequests from the £1000 at her disposal, with the residue going to her daughter Sarah Tuppa and her husband Richard Tuppa. It was signed on 22 March 1785 and proved 31 August 1789.

[TNA PROB 11/927 & PROB 11/1182 - copies of full originals available at TNA Wills.]

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BAGNALL, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/627, 1729
In the Name of God Amen. I Joseph Bagnall of Rohampton, in the parish of Putney, Surrey É
* He wishes to be buried at the parish church of St Mary Aldermanbury London as near to his first wife as may be, after a private funeral.
* By virtue of an indenture dated 1706 at the time of his marriage to Bridgett Heneage, and a covenant regarding the estate of Samuel Foot of London, an annuity of £200 to his wife Bridgett, and after her death to his daughter Phebe Bagnall.
* To his daughter Phebe Bagnall an annuity of £50 free of tax for her education and maintenance until she reaches 21 years or marries.
* To his executors all his freehold messuages lands tenements and hereditaments for the use and benefit of his son William Bagnall for his natural life, and after his death for the use and benefit of the son or eldest of the surviving sons of the said William Bagnall and if no sons then the daughter or daughters of the said William Bagnall. If there is no surviving issue then to the benefit of his granddaughter Ann Pole the daughter of his late daughter Sarah Pole for her natural life and after her death for the benefit of her son or eldest of the surviving sons and if no son then to her daughter or daughters, and if no issue then to the use and benefit of his brother-in-law Samuel Lambert of London merchant providing he pays to Phebe Bagnall or her issue £5000. If he is in default of this payment then for the benefit of the wife of the late William Bagnall.
* All his copyhold lands tenements etc in Aldershot he recently purchased to his son-in-law German Pole for his natural life, and after his death to his said granddaughter Anne Pole, and after her death to her sons daughters etc in order as above. In case there are no surviving children of Anne Pole then to his son William Bagnall and after his death É etc, and if no issue to Samuel Lambert.
* To his wife Bridgett Bagnall £50 for mourning, and also the use of all the jewels worn by her during her life that are of any considerable value, and after her death to his daughter Phebe Bagnall.
* To his son-in-law German Pole and his daughter Anne Pole £50 for mourning.
* To his daughter Phebe Bagnall £20 for mourning.
* To his granddaughter Anne Pole during her minority and the life of her father German Pole an annuity of £100 free of tax, which is to cease when she reached 21 years or at the death of her father German Pole. Also £2000 at age 21 years.
* To his brother-in-law Samuel Lambert £1000.
* To his good friend Robert Western £10.
* To Samuel Pole and his wife £10 each for mourning.
* To his good friends Henry Marshall and Edward Coleman grocer £10 each for mourning.
* To Edward Green of Middle Temple £10 for mourning.
* To Gabriel Neve attourney at law £10.
* All the rest and residue of his real and personal estate, except his copyhold estate in the Manor of Wimbledon Surrey "which is not intended to be devised or charged in this will", after payment of his debts and funeral expenses to his son William Bagnall.
* Appoints his brother-in-law Samuel Lambert, his son William Bagnall and his son-in-law German Pole as his executors.
Signed: Joseph Bagnall 4 November 1726.
Witnesses: Thomas Browkett, Thomas Bennying.

Proved at London January 1729 by oath of William Bagnall.

[TNA PROB 11/627 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BATGER, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1094, 1782
In the name of God Amen. I John Batger of the parish of St George Middlesex Sugar Refiner ...
* To his worthy friends Andrew Knies sugar refiner of Wapping and William Hynam surgeon of St George’s £1500 upon trust to be invested in public funds and the interest and dividends from which shall be paid to his wife Sarah Batger, and after her decease the said sum of £1500 to be divided amongst his four sons Henry, William, John & Anthony Batger.
* To his wife Sarah Batger £100 and his gold watch and seal.
* Having already given his son Henry Batger £500 at the time of his marriage, he now gives to his other three sons ...
- William Batger £500.
- John Batger £500 at the age of 22 yrs or at the end of his apprenticeship. Also £50 along with the interest from the £500 to provide him with clothes and wearing apparel.
- Anthony Batger £500 at the age of 21 yrs or at the end of his apprenticeship. Also £50 along with the interest from the £500 to provide him with clothes and wearing apparel.
* To his wife Sarah Batger all his household goods furniture china linen that she wishes for herself, except his mahogany clothes press and clock, the rest being sold and the monies placed in the residue of his estate.
* To his son William Batger his mahogany clothes press and clock.
* To his wife Sarah Batger all his plate except four silver table spoons, two salts and his silver tankard.
* To his son John Batger his four silver table spoons and two salts.
* To his son Anthony Batger his silver tankard.
* For mourning he gives his sons Henry £20 and William £10.
* To his sons John and Anthony Batger all his wearing apparel.
* Appoints his wife Sarah Batger, Andrew Knies and William Hynam his executors, and gives the latter two £20 each.
* All the rest and residue of his estate, after payment of all his just debts, legacies and funeral expenses, to his wife Sarah Batger and his four sons equally.
Signed : John Batger on 8 December 1773.
Witnesses : Thomas Finchett, John Billington.

Codicil ... whereas I have lately purchased of the assignees of Diederich Peterson & George Wackerbarth who intermarried with Ann Gay widow late of the parish of St George Sugar Refiners Bankrupts - a sugarhouse and outhouses thereunto belonging and also a large parcel of ground situate in Princes Square in the parish of St George aforesaid the sugarhouse and outhouses being in my own and son Henry Batgers’ possession and occupation and the parcel of land containing by estimation from east to west 190ft and from north to south 124-134ft now let to Francis Ewer carpenter for a yearly rent of £20 ...
* To his wife Sarah Batger all that parcel of land and rents and profits from it during her life, and after her decease the executors should sell it and the money from the sale go into the rest and residue of his estate.
* His son Henry Batger will have three months from his father’s death to purchase the said sugarhouse and outhouses for £1500. If he refuses to purchase then the premises shall be offered to his other sons, for the same price, in order William, John and Anthony. If none wish to purchase then the executors are to sell. Whatever the case the monies received from the sale are to go into the rest and residue of his estate. Signed on 4 Oct 1777.

Proved at London 8 August 1782 by the oaths of all three executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1094 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BECKMAN, Dedirick - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/921, 1766
In the name of God Amen. I Dedirick Beckman of St Botolph without Bishopsgate, Sugar Refiner ...
* To be buried in his vault at St George’s Lutheran Church, Alie St.
* Appoints his wife Margaret Beckman, Lawrence Charlesson of St Botolph without Bishopsgate sugar refiner, the Rev Gustav Anton Wachsel of St Geo Lutheran Ch Alie St, and Nicholas Beckman of Angell Alley Whitechapel sugar refiner as his executors, and gives them each £100.
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Margaret Beckman all his leasehold messuages tenements houses outhouses gardens fields and premises situate in Islington together with the indenture to lease. Also his household furniture, coach and horses, jewels, watches, plate, china, books, silver and wearing apparel. Also £1000.
* To his sister Katherine Wachell £500.
* To Francis Eggar of Brick Lane sugar refiner, Katherine Jasper widow of Princes Sq, Thomas Draper of Lower Moorfields broker, and Gerrard Eggar his (DB) servant £100 each.
* To St Georges Lutheran Church, Alie St, £500.
* In copartnership in the business of sugar refining with Lawrence Charlesson. Each brought stock in trade, monies and fixture worth £10,000 to the business, and the agreement states that after the death of DB his wife Margaret shall take over his share of the partnership. If she declines then Nicholas Beckman may take the partnership but must pay Margaret Beckman interest of 5% on £7000 for her natural life, and similarly Lawrence Charlesson must pay 5% on £7000 for her natural life for his use of the said sum as part of the business.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to be converted to money, invested, and all annuities into which he may have entered be paid, with the remaining interest and dividends to his wife Margaret Beckman. After her death his estate to be divided into 5 equal parts ... those parts going to Lawrence Charlesson (only if he takes Nicholas Beckman into partnership if Margaret Beckman wishes it ... otherwise this fifth share is void and the shares become fourth shares), Rev Gustav Anton Wachsel, Nicholas Beckman, and Erhard Wachsel, with the fifth part invested and the interest paid to his niece Anna Margaretha Ressler formerly Beckmann wife of John Jacob Ressler staymaker and tailor of the City of Frankfort on the Oder in the Middle March of the Electorate of Brandenburgh, and after her death for the maintenance and education of her children. If his niece dies without issue or that issue does not reach 21 yrs then whole fifth to Nicholas Beckman.
Signed : Dedirick Beckman on 24 July 1766.
Witnesses : Susannah Beckmann, Robert Woodgate.

Proved at London on 16 August 1766 by the oaths of his executors.

[TNA PROB 11/921 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BINYON, Edward - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2169, 1853
This is the last Will and Testament of me Edward Binyon of Moss Side in the Parish of Manchester in the County of Lancaster Tea and Coffee Dealer and Sugar Refiner É
* All his household goods and furniture and other household effects except money and securities for money to his wife Jane Binyon for her own use.
* To each of his executors George Robinson, Alfred Fryer and John Hodgson £50.
* To each of his nephews and nieces, the children of Thomas Binyon, John Fetham, William Foster and Nathaniel Card, £50 payable when they reach the age of 21 years.
* To his servant Mary Taylor £10.
* All his real estate and all his leasehold estate monies goods and chattels and other personal estate, subject to the payment of all his debts and funeral expenses, to his wife Jane Binyon, George Robinson of Manchester tea dealer, Alfred Fryer of Manchester sugar refiner and John Hodgson of Manchester draper, their heirs and assigns upon trust to either continue their current investment or to sell and reinvest in suitable stocks as seen fit. And from the income from the said trust to pay É
* To his wife Jane Binyon an annuity of £600 during her natural life for her sole use.
* To each of his sons Edward and John Thomas the weekly sum of £2 for their personal use until the appointed time of the distribution of his estate.
* When the youngest of his children reaches the age of 21 years the whole of his residuary and personal estate to be divided equally amongst all his children who shall be living at the time. If there are issue of any of his children who have died then the share of the deceased child to be shared equally amongst the said issue.
* He is in partnership with Thomas Binyon and Christopher Shapland the younger in the business of sugar refining in Manchester in the firm of Binyon & Shapland and he requests that his son John Thomas be taken into the firm as a partner in place of himself, though he will not be entitled to any of his father's portion of the capital of the firm other than that granted by the division of the estate by his trustees.
* He authorises his trustees to continue the business of letting insuring etc his various messuages tenements and hereditaments.
* Appoints his trustees to be the guardians of his children during their respective minorities.
* Appoints Jane Binyon, George Robinson, Alfred Fryer and John Hodgson as his executors.
Signed: Edward Binyon 29 August 1852.
Witnesses: Alfred Resling timber merchant, Anna Harrison of Liverpool.

Proved at York 28 March 1853 by the oaths of Jane Binyon widow, George Robinson, Alfred Fryer and John Hodgson to whom admon was granted.

Proved at London 13 April 1853 by the oaths of Jane Binyon widow, George Robinson, Alfred Fryer and John Hodgson to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/2169 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BLAMIRE, Edward - Will - 1817
In the name of God Amen.
I Edward Blamire of Epping in the County of Essex gentleman being of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding thanks be to God for the same do make this my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say first I give and bequeath to my dear wife Martha Blamire subject to the payment of my just debts and funeral expenses all my household furniture ready money plate goods and chattels of what nature or whatsoever and wheresoever the same may be at the time of my decease also all debts that are or may become due to me at the time of my decease all of which I give and bequeath to my said wife for her own sole use and disposal also I give and bequeath to my said wife two thousand five hundred pounds sterling which I now hold in three per cent Government Consols together with all interest whatsoever for her own sole use and disposal also I give and bequeath to my said wife eight hundred pounds sterling which I now hold in the five per cent Consols ?navy? together with all interest due thereon for her own sole use and disposal also I give and bequeath to my said wife the interest of three thousand pounds sterling which I now hold in the three per cent reduced for and during the rest of her natural life and at her decease my will is and I hereby give the principal and interest of the said three thousand pounds sterling to my two nephews and niece to be equally divided amongst them share and share alike ?? one third share to my nephew George Blamire son of my brother Thomas Blamire one third share to nephew Edward Blamire son of my brother George Blamire and one third share to my niece Mary Blamire daughter of my said brother George Blamire for their own and separate use and disposal and my will is and hereby direct that should any or either of my nephews and niece die in and during my life time or before the decease of my said wife Martha Blamire then and in that case their share or shares shall go to the survivor or survivors of them for their own use or uses and disposal also I give and bequeath to my said wife my two shares in the Phoenix Fire Insurance Office and also my two shares in the Pelican Fire Insurance Office together with all dividends due or that may become due for her own use and disposal.
Secondly I give and bequeath to my brother George Blamire all my lands and houses of what description soever I am possessed of in and about Carlisle consisting of sundry fields and parcels of ground near the City of Carlisle in the County of Cumberland and one freehold house and one leasehold house situated and adjoining each other in Annetwell Street in the said City of Carlisle subject nevertheless to the yearly payment of thirty pounds which I give and bequeath as will be soon hereafter all which lands and houses as aforesaid I give and bequeath to my said brother George Blamire to hold to him his heirs and assigns forever.
Thirdly I give and bequeath to Sarah Griffiths niece to my wife Martha Blamire the sum of thirty pounds per annum free of all conditions whatever for and during the term of her natural life and to commence from the day of my decease and now my will is and I hereby direct that the said yearly sum of thirty pounds shall be paid out of the rents and profits of the lands and houses devised as aforesaid to my brother George Blamire I therefore hereby charge and make chargeable all my said lands and houses devised as aforesaid with the payment of thirty pounds yearly and every year ?? ? whatsoever to the said Sarah Griffiths for and during the term of her natural life and at her decease then to cease and determine and lastly as to all the rest residue and remainder of my personal estate and efforts of what nature or kindsoever and wheresoever I give devise and bequeath the same unto my wife Martha Blamire for her own sole use and disposal and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said wife Martha Blamire and my dear brother George Blamire executrix and executor of this my will and testament and declare this to be my last will and testamant In witness whereof I the said Edward Blamire have to this my last will and testament set and subscribed my hand and seal the nineteenth day of June in the year of our Lord Christ one thousand eight hundred and nine.
Edward Blamire
Signed sealed published and declared by the said testator Edward Blamire to this his last will and testament in the presence of us who in his presence and at his request and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses thereto. Names illegible apart from Robt Whitbread.

Proved at London 1st December 1817 before the judge by the oaths of Martha Blamire widow the relict and George Blamire the brother executors to whom the admon was granted having first sworn by common duty to admininster.

[NB Most of the will has been transcribed and the odd omission does not affect the context. The most serious omission is the last part of the date of 1809. The nine is a best guess. - WA]

[My thanks to William Anderson for this transcription.]

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BLANCKEN, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1537, 1812
This is the last will and testament of me George Blancken now in the employ of Messrs Bradburne & Fryer of Duncan Street Whitechapel Sugar Refiners ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All the residue of his property to his father Claus Blancken, his mother Cesilia Blancken, his brother Claus Henry Blancken, his sisters Meth Blancken, Cesilia Blancken, Natharine Blancken and Margaret Blancken all now or last residing in Welkendorf in Hanover, and to my brother Harman Blancken now residing in Leman Street London, equally and if any have died then their share to be divided equally amongst the survivors.
* Appoints his brother Harman Blancken of Leman Street and John Dorman of Red Cross Street Lower East Smithfield London victualler as his executors.
Signed : George Blancken 3 August 1812.
Witnesses : Jno Fryer Duncan Street Whitechapel, Ralph Peacock Half Moon Court Whitechapel.

Proved at London 16 September 1812 by the oaths of John Dorman and Harman Blancken to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1537 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BODEN, William - Will - summary - 1866
I William Boden of Clevedon in the County of Somerset Esquire [late Sugar Refiner of Fieldgate St, Whitechapel] ...
* Appoints his friends the Rev William Elwell of Dauntsey Wilts clerk, Conrad William Finzel of Frankfort Hall, Clevedon sugar refiner, and Richard Windle of Osborne St, Whitechapel, Midx Gent as his executors and trustees, and gives them each £500.
* To his execs to invest £6000 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities and to pay the dividends to his sister Ann Bladon, and after her death as instructed in her own will.
* To his sister Ann Bladon and his niece Ann Bladon, the daughter of his sister, £500 each immediately.
* To his niece Ann Bladon all the New 3% Annuities he had set up in the joint names of himself and his niece as her own absolute property.
* To William Dawson, son of his late sister Sophia Dawson, £5000.
* To his nephew John Bladon, son of his sister Ann Bladon, £5000.
* To his execs to invest £3000 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities and to pay the dividends to Jane Walker one of the children of his late father by Sarah his second wife, and after her death to benefit her children equally.
* To the children of Mary Mackenzie deceased, another of the children of his late father by Sarah his second wife, £3000 in equal shares, however these children must write to his execs, in their own hand within six months of advertisements appearing in two London newspapers, in order to claim their legacies.
* To William John Boden, Edward Henry Boden and Sophia now wife of Mr Buck of Newgate St London ironmonger, all children of John Boden deceased, another of the children of his late father by Sarah his second wife, £1000 each.
* To the seven children of Henry Boden deceased, another of the children of his late father by Sarah his second wife, namely William, Henry, John, George, Samuel, Rosetta and Fanny Boden, £600 each.
* To his friend the Reverend William Weldon Champneys of Whitechapel £2000 for his own benefit, and ...
* ... his execs to invest £5000 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities and to use the dividends and interest from the same for charitable works as directed by the Reverend William Weldon Champneys.
* To his execs to invest £1500 in 3% Reduced Annuities, and to reinvest the dividends in the same, and to pay the whole investment to his Goddaughter Emily Constance Friend when she reaches 21 years or when she marries, whichever is the earlier.
* To his cousin Jane Hobbins of Walsall Staffs widow £1500, and if she shall die in his lifetime then his execs to invest the sum in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities to be divided equally amongst the children of Jane Hobbins when they reach 21 years or in the case of her daughters marry before this age.
* To his friend Mrs Ann Taylor Finzel, the wife of exec Conrad William Finzel, £2000.
* To his friend the Reverend William Nixon formerly of Chelmsford but now of Sutton near Woodbridge, Suffolk, and his brother Henry Nixon and his sister Mary Ann Nixon, £200 each.
* To his execs to invest £1000 in 3% Reduced Annuities in trust for his Godson William Charles Boden Elwell.
* To his execs to invest £2500 in trust for Thomas Boden Dawson the son of his late nephew Thomas Dawson when he reaches 21 years.
* To his execs to invest £2000 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities and to pay the dividends to Mary Ann Dawson the widow of his late nephew Thomas Dawson, and after her death the sum to remain invested in trust for Thomas Boden Dawson when he reaches 21 years.
* To Mary Tongue, daughter of the late John Tongue of Langford near Newark, Notts, £500.
* To Hephzibah Pilling of Fairfield Bow, Mdx, £500.
* To Elizabeth Lambert, daughter of the late John Lambert of Morden College, £300.
* To his medical friend William Cooke of Tower Hill surgeon £300.
* To his friend Daniel Hunt Williams of Walthamstow £500.
* To his friend Joseph Barber of Gt Tower St, London, broker £300.
* To his friend Alexander Griffin of Stonefield St, Islington, £50.
* To Mr James Collins of Hilderston, Staffs, £500.
* To the Treasurer of the London Hospital £1000 to be used for the benefit of the hospital.
* To the Treasurer of Infant School in Whitechapel £200 to be used for the benefit of the school.
* To his valued housekeeper Susan Stephenson, if she is residing in his house at the time of his death, £2000 and all his household goods and furniture plate linen prints pictures china wine and other liquors and other household stores and effects, except all his printed books and pamphlets, and all free of of legacy duty which is to be paid by his estate.
* To William Elwell all his printed books and pamphlets.
* To his servants (excluding his housekeeper), who shall be living in his house at the time of his death, £150 each.
* His housekeeper and servants to have mourning paid for by his estate.
* To his friend Edward Basil Jupp of Carpenters Hall London £500.
* Requests that those married women receiving legacies are to use same for their own use only; that children below the age of minority receiving legacies should have their trust fund assist with their maintenance and education; that his execs are to sell off all his messuages tenements lands etc, freehold or leasehold, as they think fit; his execs to administer any estates which he is responsible for at the time of his death.
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid and all dues collected.
* All the rest and residue of the estate in trust equally to his niece Ann Bladon, and his nephews John Bladon and William Dawson.
Signed: W. Boden 26 April 1862.
Witnesses: Henry Woodforde solicitor Clevedon Bristol, Charles Clutterbuck Woodforde his clerk.

Codicil:
* His nephew John Dawson Bladon (written as John Bladon in the will) has died ...
*... his execs to invest all monies etc from which he would have benefited had he lived in Public Funds and to pay the dividends and interest to the widow of the late John Dawson Bladon for her own use, and after her death to the maintenance and education of all and any of her children by John Dawson Bladon, and once reached 21 years, or marriage if earlier in the case of female children, to be divided in equal shares amongst them all.
Signed: W. Boden 15 August 1862.
Witnesses: Henry Woodforde solicitor Clevedon Bristol, Charles Clutterbuck Woodforde his clerk.

Written note:
18 August 1866. It is my dying wish that the Reverend Mr Fothergill has £500 paid to him for the Poor out of my personal property. The X mark of Wm Boden, witnessed by Susan Stephenson, Frederick Feicken, signed in the presence of Theodore Davis MD Clevedon 20 August 1866.

Proved: at Bristol with two codicils 8 November 1866 by the oaths of the three executors named. The testator William Boden was late of Clevedon in the County of Somerset Esquire and died on the eighth day of September 1866 at Clevedon aforesaid. Under £120,000.

[My thanks to John Boden.]

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BOWMAN, Alfred Paul - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1928, 1840
I Alfred Paul Bowman of Great Alie Street Goodmans Fields in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner.
* Revokes all previous wills.
* To his honoured father Frederick Bowman of Herne Hill in the County of Surrey and his wife (Frederick’s) 3 guineas each for a ring as a mark of respect and token of his affection.
* To his dear wife Mary Ann Bowman - £150 and all her paraphernalia, wearing apparel, linen, watches, trinkets, jewels, articles of dress and ornament usually worn by or reputed to belong to her, and all his household goods, furniture, plate, linen, books, china, wines, spirits & other liquors.
* Appoints his wife Mary Ann Bowman, his brother John Bowman, and his brother-in-law Arthur Craven as Executrix and Executors, and gives them £19-19s-0d each for their troubles.
* All monies, securities etc to be held in trust by the Executors in order to execute the will.
* All funeral and testatory expenses to be paid.
* Interest, dividends etc from trust to go to his wife for her own use, whether she remain a widow or remarry, but she is not to be responsible for any debts any new husband may incur; and on her death divided equally amongst any of his children living at the time on attaining the age of 21 years.
* If wife still living at the time of the death of the last or only child, then £2208-6s-8d at 3 percent bank annuities to be placed in trust for her.
* After settling all the trusts, £100 to each of his brothers and sisters, namely - Eliza Frederica wife of Charles James East, Emma Sophia Bowman, Cecelia Maria Bowman, and John Frederick Bowman.
Signed : Alfred Paul Bowman 2 December 1837.
Witness : James William Bowman.
To the care of Frederick Bowman Esq, 27 Alie Street, London.

Appeared Personally, October 1839 ... Griffith Thomas of Mincing Lane, City of London, solicitor, James William Bowman of Herne Hill, Surrey, gentleman, Mary Ann Bowman of Stamford Hill, Middlesex, widow, and Charles Bowman of Gowers Walk, Whitechapel, sugar refiner ... made oath that this was the true will of deceased who died 22 August 1839.

Proved at London 18 June 1840 by the oaths of Mary Ann Bowman, John Frederick Bowman, Arthur Craven to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1928 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BOWMAN, James William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2256, 1857
This is the last will and testament of James William Bowman of Great Alie Street Goodmans Fields in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner.
* All his jewellery, watches, trinkets, plate, pictures, prints, books, musical and mechanical instruments, tools, scientific and other instruments to his sister Cecelia Maria Bowman.
* Other than anything specifically otherwise bequeathed in the will, he requests that Griffith Thomas of Mincing Lane, City of London, gentleman, and his brother John Frederick Bowman of Leman Street in the County of Middlesex, sugar refiner, sell all his real estate, monies, securities, chattels, and other personal estate, and place the proceeds in trust.
* Appoints the said Griffith Thomas and John Frederick Bowman as his Executors.
* All funeral and testatory expenses to be paid.
* To his brother John Frederick Bowman, and his sisters Emma Sophia Bowman and Cecelia Maria Bowman, each £1000.
* To his brother-in-law Charles James East £100, his friend Griffith Thomas £100, his friend Henry John Docherty of Trinity Square, surgeon, £50, his nephew and godson Cecil James East a Lieutenant of Her Majesty’s 82nd Regiment of Foot £500.
* The residue of the monies to his dear mother Margaret Bowman.
Signed : James William Bowman 18 December 1856.
Witnesses : George Batley, Fairlight Place, gentleman, and Michael Collin, Belmont Hastings, gentleman.

Codicil : Now James William Bowman of St Leonards in the County of Sussex ... to pay his servant Edmund Pomfrey £50, and John Powley of Alie Street London £19-19s-0d, and Thomas Peters of Alie Street London, £19-19s-0d, and his friend Frederic T? of Hastings £50 ... 12th July 1857.

Appeared Personally, 18 August 1857 ... Cecelia Maria Bowman of St Leonards in the County of Sussex, spinster, swore on oath to the true will and codicil of James William Bowman.

Proved at London with a codicil 19th August 1857 by the oaths of John Frederick Bowman and Griffith Thomas to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/2256 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BOWMAN, John Dibble - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1515, 1810
This is the last will and testament of me John Dibble Bowman of Mansell Street Goodmans Fields Middlesex Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth Bowman £2000, and all his household goods and furniture plate linen china books wines liquors pictures about his dwelling house at the time of his decease.
* To his friend and partner John Craven of Stamford Hill, and his brother Frederick Bowman of Duncan Street, £1000 each.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Bowman, John Craven and Frederick Bowman as his executors.
* To his executors in trust ... all the remainder of his personal estate and effects, all his mills, houses, lands, etc in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and all other real estate, to be disposed of as they think fit, the proceeds to be invested.
* To his children Mary Bowman, Charles Bowman and Eliza Bowman, £2000 each to be paid to them at the age of twenty one, the interest in the meantime used for their maintenance and education.
* To his wife Elizabeth Bowman the residue of the interest from the investments throughout her natural life, and after her death for the continued maintenance and education of his children - the interest going to Frederick Bowman for life for that purpose.
Signed : John Dibble Bowman on 19 May 1810.
Witnesses : John Thackrah Lambert, George Thachrah Lambert, Mary Taylor servant to J D Bowman.

Whereas ... in the event of him having no children alive at the time of his death he revokes that part of his will which give all interest to his brother, his will being that the interest from the investments be shared equally between his wife and his brother. He wishes that part of his funds be allowed to be used by John Craven and/or Frederick Bowman for sugar refining purposes only within in the businesses which they now run at a charge of five per cent per year. Signed and sealed 22 June 1810 in presence of Sophia Davis, Prudence Goddard and Mary Taylor his servants.

Proved at London with a codicil on 26 September 1810 by the oaths of the three executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1515 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BRADBURNE, Charles - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1577, 1816
I Charles Bradburne of Duncan Street Whitechapel in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner ...
* A debt of £2700 be paid to his brother Frederick Angels Bradburne.
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his brother Frederick Angels Bradburne all his wines liquors plate books wearing apparel and furniture which is his private property of which an inventory may be found in a book in his desk in the Countinghouse.
* To his aunt Mrs Mary Everitt of Lower Sloane Street Chelsea widow £500.
* To Joh_ Goa_ McCarthy formerly of Bristol £200.
* Appoints his good friends Frederick Bowman of Duncan Street Whitechapel sugar refiner and Thomas Hodgson the younger of Church Lane Whitechapel sugar refiner as his trustees and executors and gives them £100 each.
* To his execs £1200 to be invested in Government stock, the interest of which to be for the sole use and benefit of Mary Ann Hanbry alias Lloyd late of Mile End for her natural life ...
* ... and after her death the capital sum of £1200 to his brothers Harry Bradburne and Francis Bradburne equally, and if either has died then the capital sum equally between the survivor and brother Frederick Angels Bradburne. If all brothers have died, then equally amongst any children of them.
* To his execs his freehold sugarhouse and other buildings, subject to a mortgage of £2950 to his sister Henrietta Anne Blake, in Duncan Street Whitechapel, with all the fixtures and fittings, in trust to be sold and the mortgage paid off.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to be divided equally amongst his brothers Harry Bradburne, Francis Bradburne and Frederick Angels Bradburne.
Signed : Charles Bradburne 29 August 1815.
Witnesses : Ralph Peacock, Harm Rohrs, William Francis Fox.

The £3000 Exchequer Bills in the safe I request may be paid to my mother after which payment I hereby acknowledge to stand indebted to her in the further sum of £750. I owe Charlie £200, Dorman £250 and Dowding £45 all of which it is my request may be duly paid out of my personal estate.
Dear Frederick the address of Mary Anne is Mrs Baker at Mrs Ware's Arnold Street Newington Butts. God bless you. 4 February 1816.

22 February 1816 - Appeared personally ... George Brucker of Little Distaff Lane London sugar refiner and John Fryer of Duncan Street Whitechapel sugar refiner having known the deceased for many years have no doubt the codicil is in the hand of the deceased and swear accordingly.

Proved at London with a codicil 25 February 1816 by the oaths of the two execs to whom admon was granted.

[Charles Bradburne died on the 5th of February 1816. The Times of the following day announced his death as being "after a short illness", however The Times of 9th February, under the headline of "Further Particulars of the Late Unfortunate Affair of Charles Bradburn Esq" went into lengthy detail regarding a night of gambling with two less than honest men he did not know. With only a small proportion of his debts paid, Bradburn was continually threatened by the two men. His friends were about to have the swindlers arrested when they heard that Bradburn had "destroyed himself". The codicil, written the day before he died, appears to have hinted as much.]

[TNA PROB 11/1577 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BRADEN, Herman - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2162, 1852
This is the last will and testament of Herman Braden of Denmark Street in the Parish of St George in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner and of Leyton in the County of Essex.
* All funeral and testatory expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Mary Braden - £200, all his household furniture plate line china pictures books wearing apparel and all other household effects in or about his dwelling house in Leyton.
* To his son Charles Richard Braden - his leasehold dwelling house, sugar house and premises at 14 Finch Street Whitechapel, and house furniture fixtures and utensils of trade, and his stock of sugar valued at £300. Also a leasehold dwelling house and stable at 9 Finch Street. Also a Policy of Assurance on the life of Herman Braden for £300 with the Britannia Life Insurance Office, Princes Street, near the Bank of England.
* His executors to invest all residue of estate, the dividends and interest of which should go to his wife during her widowhood and his two youngest children John George Braden and Henry Herman Braden until they reach age of 25yrs. They are to receive £1000 each on reaching 25yrs, when his wife will then receive all income from remaining residue. On her death or remarriage same to be divided equally between those two sons.
* He appoints his wife Mary Braden, and friends George Goldsmith Brown of Wapping coal merchant and Martin Brunjes of Saint George Street sugar refiner as his Executors.
Signed : H Braden 1 June 1849.
Witnesses : Thomas Stone Wellclose Square, John Gill clerk to Messrs Morris Stone & Townson Wellclose Square.

Proved on 6 January 1852 by oaths of Mary Braden widow and Martin Brunjes.

[TNA PROB 11/2162 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BRAKEWELL, Thomas - 1805
City of Philadelphia. Sugar refiner.
11 November 1805. 26 December 1805.
All monies, goods, property etc. from Germany or elsewhere to friend Peter Mohram.
Sole Executor : friend Peter Mohram.
Witnesses : Abraham Earl, John Erwin, John H. Hagen.

[from Philadelphia Wills.]

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BRICE, Samuel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1009, 1775
In the Name of God Amen. I Samuel Brice of the City of Bristol Sugar Baker ...
* To his sons Nathaniel Brice and Edward Brice two closes called the Royalls in Henbury Gloucestershire in trust to be sold for the best price and the money received to pay all his debts and funeral expenses and legacies and if not enough then the rest and residue of his estate to be used for that purpose.
* He has already given his son Edward Brice a one quarter share in his sugarhouses and warehouses in Old Market, and now gives him a further one quarter share of the same, as well as one moiety of his dwelling house in Old Market.
* To his son Nathaniel Brice the other moiety of his dwelling house sugarhouses and warehouses in Old Market, as well as £1000 which he has already lent him free of interest.
* To his daughter Sophia Brice £2000 with interest six months after his decease as well as all his household goods jewels and furniture and those parts of his plate he has marked with "SB".
* To his son Edward Brice his silver punch bowl and ladle.
* To his son Nathaniel Brice his watch wearing apparel and those parts of his plate he has marked with "NB".
* To his son Edward Brice and his wife, his son Nathaniel Brice, his daughter Sophia Brice, his brother Nathaniel Brice, his sisters Martha Slocock and Sarah Brice, his brothers-in-law Edward Garlick and Dr John Collett and Sophia his wife, and his niece Mrs Sarah Diaper each £10 for mourning.
* All the rest and residue of his real and personal estate equally to his sons Nathaniel Brice and Edward Brice as tenants in common and not as joint tenants, and he appoints them as his executors.
Signed : Samuel Brice 27 November 1770.
Witnesses : Will Perry, James Powell, Sarah Hall.

Codicil ...
* The purchaser or purchasers of the two closes shall be in no way responsible for the use to which his two sons put the money from the sale(s).
* To his daughter Sophia Brice a further £10 in place of the legacy of £10 to his brother Nathaniel Brice who has since died. And also to his daughter all his linen and china.
Signed : Samuel Brice 23 November 1774.
Witnesses : Mary Moss, James Summers, Thomas Jones.

9 January 1775 ...
Samuel Brice being too indisposed to make alteration to his will requests that his sons Edward & Nathaniel Brice will allow their sister Sophia Brice £20 per year during her life or pay her £300 more than he has left her in his will.
Witnessed by Sarah Diaper.

Appeared personally 24 May 1775 ...
Thomas Jones of Bristol swore on oath that he knew Samuel Brice very well and that the above note was certainly his handwriting.

Proved at London with two codicils 17 July 1775 by the oaths of both executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1009 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BRIEBACH, Albert - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2242, 1856
This is the last will and testament of me Albert Briebach of 5 Frederick Place, Bow Rd, Mdx, gent.
* All household goods, furniture, etc, about his dwelling to his wife Sarah Briebach.
* His freehold messuage or tenament and premises at Denmark St in occupation of Messrs Briebach & Mogge, to his wife Sarah for her use and after her death to his daughter Mary Ann Mogge of Brick Lane, Whitechapel, widow of David Mogge deceased, and after her death to his son Justus Briebach.
* The interest of an investment of £900 at three percent annuities to his wife Sarah, also the interest of a debt of £2000 owed him by his son Justus and Christian Mogge. After her death to daughter Mary Ann, and after her death to son Justus.
* To each of his wife Sarah and daughter Mary Ann £60 per year.
* Appointed wife Sarah and daughter Mary Ann as executors.
Signed : Albert Briebach on 15 April 1851.
Witnesses : W L Hawell, James Barrett.

Proved at London on 18 Dec 1856 by oaths of both executors.

[TNA PROB 11/2242 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BRISSAULT, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1482, 1808
In the name of God Amen. I John Brissault of St Mary Whitechapel Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts to be paid.
* To his wife Mary Ann Brissault all his real and personal estate whatsoever, and all his ready money, stock in trade, rings, jewels, plate and all other effects.
* Appoints his wife Mary Ann Brissault as his sole executrix.
Signed : John Brissault 18 January 1765.
Witnesses : William Chamberlain, ? and Jane Strangeways.

Proved at London 26 July 1808 by the oath of Mary Ann Brissault.

[TNA PROB 11/1482 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BROCKHAHN, Lear - summary of Probate, 1869
The will of Lear Brockhahn late of 23 Buross St, St George's in the East, Sugar Baker, who died at his home 31 July 1868, was proved by the oath of his widow Emma Brockhahn 9 July 1869. Under £100.

(Emma's family name was Wrede, but as yet I can't link her to the Wrede refining family.)

[National Probate Calendar.]

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BRUCKER, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1341, 1800
In the Name of God Amen. I, George Brucker, late of Little Distaff Lane in the City of London but now of Clapham Common in the County of Surrey ...
* To his son George Brucker and his heirs all that parcel of ground together with the dwelling house and premises built thereon situate on the west side of Little Distaff Lane in the parish of Saint Nicholas Cole Abbey London together with the sugar house and mill house adjoining together with all appurtenances; and also his two-pan sugar houses with the ground whereon the same are built situate on the east side of Little Distaff Lane in the parish of Saint Margaret Moses London. And also all his leasehold messuages and premises subject to payments of the yearly rents.
* To his executors in trust all his capital stock and money standing under his name in the Bank of England 4% bank annuities ...
... One moiety of the interest and dividends from the capital stock and bank annuities to his daughter Ann Bradbourne for her natural life and after her death equally to her children at the age of 21 years or, in the case of daughters, marriage which ever comes earlier. His daughter and his executors have the discretion to advance sums from the moiety for placing any son or sons in a trade business or employment.
... The other moiety to his daughter Mary Everett, under the same terms.
* To his executors in trust all his capital stock and money standing under his name in the Bank of England 5% bank annuities ...
... the interest and dividends to his daughter Jane Pedder, under the same terms as her sisters above.
* To his executors in trust all his capital stock and money standing under his name in the Bank of England 3% consolidated bank annuities ...
... the interest and dividends to his daughter Elizabeth Brucker. Should she marry and have issue then the terms of the bequest are the same as those for her sisters above.
* To his daughter Elizabeth Brucker all his household furniture plate beds and bedding table and bed linen china and all implements and utensils of household at his dwelling house either at Clapham aforesaid or elsewhere for her own sole use and benefit.
* To the German Lutheran Church in the Savoy £100 in 3% reduced annuities and all interest and dividends due and to accrue.
* To his niece Barbara Harrison £100 in 3% reduced annuities and all interest and dividends due and to accrue ...
... and to her son George Brucker Harrison £100 in like annuities, to her son Thomas Harrison £50 in like annuities, and to her daughter Mary Harrison £50 in like annuities.
* To Miss Sophia Witz, to George Ferdinand Burkhart, to his godson George Weissenborn junior, to Miss Deborah Smith, and to Mrs King, each £50 in 3% reduced annuities.
* To the clergyman who buries him 10 guineas in lieu of a ring.
* To Thomas Howes and William Lamble each £50 for their troubles as trustees and executors.
* He had recently lent his son George Brucker £7000 and now acquits him of the payment of both capital and interest.
* After payment of all funeral expenses and debts, all the rest and residue of his estate equally amongst his children George Brucker, Ann Bradbourne, Mary Everett, Jane Pedder and Elizabeth Brucker.
* Appoints Thomas Howes of Whitechapel, William Lamble of Blackfriars, and his said son George Brucker as his executors.
Signed : George Brucker 8 March 1800.
Witnesses : John Sykes sugar refiner of 8 Lt Distaff Lane, George Lunn gent of 1 Lt Distaff Lane, J Mathyson Church St Millbank West.

Proved at London 5 May 1800 by the oaths of Thomas Howes, William Lamle [by mistake in the will written Lamble] and George Brucker his executors to whom admon was granted.

[My thanks to Eril Wangerek for the transcription from which this summary was taken.]
[TNA PROB 11/1341 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BRUNIGES, Martin - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1268, 1795
In the name of God Amen. I Martin Bruniges of Wentworth Street in the parish of Christ Church Spitalfields, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his funeral expenses and just debts to be paid.
* To his sister Anna Semckin the interest for life of £1000 to be invested on her behalf. If she has died, or when she does, the £1000 to be divided equally amongst eight and not more but fewer if circumstances dictate of the oldest of his male and female kindred of whole blood on his father’s side only.
* To his half-brother Henry Bruniges of Tresingbuttle [HeissenbŸttel?] near Bremen in Germany £100. If he has died then to be divided amongst his children.
* To his sister-in-law Gesche Puckhaber of Hambergen in Germany £100. In case of her death it goes to Abel Lankenau of Hesebotte [HeissenbŸttel?]in Germany.
* To George Bruniges now his boiler £100 and all his share estate and interest in his leasehold messuages and premises in Wentworth Street for his own use and benefit.
* To Martin Ehricks son of Henry Ehricks of ?Garlstedt £50 on reaching 21yrs and in the meantime the interest to help with his education and maintenance. If he has died then the principal and interest to be divided amongst his brothers and sisters.
* His shares property and interest in Phoenix Fire Office he gives equally to Martin Bruniges and John Bruniges children of John Bruniges deceased when they reach 21yrs, the interest towards their education and maintenance in the meantime. If either die then all to survivor.
* To the Charity Children of Christ Church £10.
* To the German Lutheran Chapel in Alie St of which he is a member £10.
* To his housekeeper Ann White £10.
* To his old friend William Carr an annual sum of £20.
* The rest and residue of his estate to his old friend William Carr now living with him and John Farrar of St Mary at Hill upon trust, the interest to be equally divided between the two of them.
* Appoints William Carr and John Farrar as his executors and gives them £50 each.
Signed : Martin Bruniges on 7 December 1795.
Witnesses : Francis Shakespear of Plumbers Row, Jane Wood.

Appeared personally on 23rd December William Carr swore on oath that soon after the death of Martin Bruniges which happened on the 19th December he found this will in the countinghouse of the deceased at Wentworth Street but with no codicil.

Proved at London on 24 December 1795 by the oaths of both executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1268 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BRUNJES, Borchert - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1957, 1842
This is the last will and testament of me Brochert BrŸnjes of the City and County of Bristol Sugar Refiner.
* To his two uncles Martin BrŸnjes and John Dedrick BrŸnjes £20 to be divided equally between them.
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his uncle Martin BrŸnjes to be held in trust, all effects whether money, furniture, wearing apparel, property real or personal, to be sold and the proceeds invested in order to pay .....
* ..... to his brothers and sisters, being children of his mother Margaretha Nir BrŸnjes of his native place Appeln, Beverstedt, Hanover, in equal shares, as each reaches 21 years of age, but if none survive then to be divided equally between his two uncles, or their heirs.
* Appoints Martin BrŸnjes of Virginia Street, St George’s, Middlesex, sugar boiler as his sole executor.
Signed : Borchert BrŸnjes on 7 January 1842.
Witnesses : Joseph Benwell, John Little.

Proved at London on 11 February 1842 by the oath of Martin BrŸnjes to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1957 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BURMESTER, Chistopher - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1353, 1801
I Christopher Burmester of 77 Parsons St in the parish of St John Wapping, Sugar Refiner ....
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To ?Dirck Lamp of Wallfish [Wallhšfen?]near Bremen in Germany £50.
* To Ann wife of George Lilkendey sugar refiner of 77 Parsons St £20.
* To his nephew John Christopher Heilshorn £5.
* To his relatives Henry ?Prigge and John ?Limp £5 each.
* Appoints George Lilkendey and Luhr Merten as his executors.
* To George Lilkendey, and to Luhr Merten of Rupert St sugar refiner, £5 each.
* To Carsten Lilkendey of ?King St Wapping sugar refiner £5, but he is indebted to the testator £836.17s.6d. in the form of a bond which shall be passed to the executors plus the interest due.
* To his executors in trust the bond plus interest and all his ready money, securities, goods, chattels, estate and effects.
* All property to be sold immediately after his decease.
* GBP400 to be invested, and be shared equally between his nephew and niece John Christopher Heilshorn and Ann-Margreth Heilshorn when they reach the age of twenty four. If either shall die their share goes to the other.
* The residue of the funds shall be invested, the interest and dividends from which shall be paid to his brother-in-law John Harm Heilshorn and Ann-Margreth Heilshorn his wife now residing in Rittehude in Germany during their natural lives and the life of the survivor. After their deaths the fund to be shared into three parts, one each to his nephew and niece previously mentioned. The third part to Rencke Hesinbottle [Heissenbuttel] as a yearly sum of £5. If he has died then it goes to his nephew and niece previously mentioned.
Signed : by the mark of Christopher Burmester on 20 August 1800.
Witnesses : John Heard and Engelke Lanckenau.

Proved at London on 19 February 1801 by the oath of George Lilkendey.

[TNA PROB 11/1353 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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BUTTALL, Samuel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/594, 1723
In the Name of God Amen. I Samuel Buttall of Topsham near Exon in the County of Devon Sugar Baker ...
* To his wife Mary Buttall for her sole use £1500 including therein the £500 left her in a legacy by Mrs Wood her late mother deceased; and also all his plate household goods furniture belonging to their dwelling house at Topsham.
* To his wife Mary Buttall during her natural life his dwelling house and also his sugarhouse and the lands outhouses orchards gardens enjoyed with the said sugarhouse, and also the distilling house lodge house and gardens all lying in Topsham; and after her decease he gives one moiety of the above to his son Benjamin Buttall his heirs and assigns for ever and the other moiety thereof to his son John Buttall his heirs and assigns for ever.
* To his wife Mary Buttall all the goods utensils and implements belonging to the sugarhouse and distilling house and the yearly rent of £100 payable for the sugarhouse for her natural life; and after her decease to his sons Benjamin Buttal and John Buttall equally.
* To his wife Mary Buttall his field house and gardens in Plymouth, Devon, for her natural life; and after her decease to his son Humphrey Buttall his heirs and assigns in accordance with the articles of settlement made on the marriage of his son Humphrey Buttall and his now wife Sarah.
* On 8 Sep 1712 he and his son Humphrey Buttall entered into copartnership for the carrying on and managing the trade of refining sugar and distilling spirits at the sugarhouse at Cockside in Plymouth where his son Humphrey Buttall dwells, and of which £4000 was advanced by each of them. He gives to his wife Mary Buttall the use of his said moiety of £4000 and all the profits produce and increase thereof for her natural life, with her bearing and sustaining one moiety of the lease and bad debt in the joint trade for her natural life.
* On 1 Apr 1718 he entered into copartnership with his two sons Bejamin Buttall and Charles Buttall for the carrying on and managing the trade of refining sugar and distilling spirits at the sugarhouse and distilling house at Topsham, for which the sum of £5784 was advanced as such ... £2100 by him, £2109 by son Benjamin Buttall, £1575 by son Charles Buttall. He gives to his wife Mary Buttall his part and interest in the said sum of £5784 for her natural life, with her bearing and sustaining his part in the lease and disadvantages in like manner and proportion.
* To his wife Mary Buttall the 1000 acres of land in Carolina adjoining the Edisto River and registered in the records of Carolina, and lying about 7 miles from the town called New London for her natural life and empowers her to sell all or part of it as she thinks fit or to devise it to one or more of her children who she finds most dutiful and obedient to her.
* To his son Charles Buttall the remainder of his interest in a long lease of ninety nine years in certain lands houses orchards and gardens which were give to him in the will of the late George Buttall lying in Wrexham Wales, providing his son Charles Buttall pays the annual rents and profits thereof to his ancient sister Abigail Owen as long as she lives and also pays his cousin Joshua Buttall 20s a year for life to look after and take care of the properties in Wales keeping then tenentable and in good repair.
* To his niece Dorcas Jackson, the wife of Abraham Jackson of Moreton in Devon, all the money her husband owed him upon bond and all the interest thereof and wills that the bond be cancelled.
* To his sons and daughters and sons and daughters in law £5 each for mourning.
* To all his grandchildren one guinea each.
* To his cousin Thomas Green and his wife £5 each for mourning and requests that Mr Green assists his executrix with his will.
* To Samuel Owen and Sarah Mortimer his two old servants £5 each.
* To the poor of Topsham £5 to be shared amongst them.
* All the rest and residue of his goods and chattels and personal and testamentary estate to his wife Mary Buttall who he nominates as his sole executrix on purpose to oblige all of his children to pay unto their mother that obedience respect and honour that is due to her. And after her death, all those legacies etc given to her shall pass, if not otherwise directed, immediately to his children - Benjamin Buttall, John Buttall, Humphrey Buttall, Charles Buttall, Mary wife of Nathaniel Hodges, Sarah wife of Thomas Wiggington and Elizabeth wife of Abraham Wells - to be divided equally amongst them.
Signed : Samuel Buttall 24 January 1718
Witnesses : Daniel Coleman, Thomas Sampson, John Conant.

Proved at London by the oath of Mary Buttall 12 November 1723.

[TNA PROB 11/594 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CAMDEN, John - Will - PRO PROB 11/833, 1758
In the Name of God Amen. I John Camden of the parish of St John Wapping Middlesex Sugar Refiner ...
* To his son William Camden £1000 and all lands and tenements situate in the parishes of Grafton and Clanfield, and lands in Standlake, all in Oxfordshire. If either his son John Camden or his daughter [unnamed] claim any part of these lands, then he gives to William Camden £700 over and above the £1000.
* To his daughter Mary wife of Joseph Richardson £2000 over and above the £2000 given her on her marriage.
* To his nephew John Keen £200.
* To his nephew Robert Taylor £100.
* To Mary Perry widow of William Perry £20.
* The rest and remainder equally between his sons William and John Camden.
* Appoints his sons William and John Camden as executors.
Signed : John Camden 21 June 1756.
Witnesses : Joanna Thorpe, James Croxton.

Proved at London on 31 October 1757 by the oath of William Camden son of the deceased and one of the executors.
Proved at London on 17 April 1758 by the oath of John Camden son of the deceased and one of the executors.

[TNA PROB 11/833 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

... and from Gentleman's Magazine October 1757 ...
"At the interment of Mr Cambden, a sugar refiner, in St. James's Church Shadwell, minute guns were fired from on board the 'Happy Return', Captain Ross, as a tribute to his memory. The guns however not being properly examined, one of them was fired with two balls one of which went through a house and in it cut the sacking and tick of a bed on which lay an exciseman very ill; it did not hurt him otherwise than by frightening him much to find himself buried in loose feathers on the floor. The other ball went through three chambers in another house without doing any further damage than much frightening the neighbourhood". 'Dr. Johnson's London, 1740-1770' by Liza Picard.

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CAMDEN, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1281, 1796
In the Name of God Amen. I William Camden of the City of London Merchant [and Sugar refiner] ...
* To Daniel Taylor and his heirs for ever his freehold estates at Grasson and at Handlake, both in Oxfordshire, and all his other freehold estates wheresoever.
* To his niece Sukey Richardson daughter of his sister Mary Arrowsmith £1000.
* To his friend and partner Anthony Calvert £2500.
* To his partner Thomas King £1000.
* To George Lear sugarbaker £500.
* To William Handayside of Wapping sugarbaker £200.
* To his execs £500 to be invested in Government or Real Stocks upon trust the interest and dividends to his niece Mary Ann Camden the daughter of his sister Mary Arrowsmith and now wife of his nephew John Camden; and after her death for the benefit of her child or children.
* To his execs £14150 to be invested in Government or Real Stocks upon trust the interest and dividends to his sister Mary Arrowsmith; and after her death - £2650 of the principle sum to Mary Ann Camden for her sole use and after her death for the benefit of her child or children; and the interest and dividends of £1000 to his niece Harriett Mangles the wife of John Mangles of Wapping for her natural life and after her death for the benefit of her child or children; and £1000 equally to his two great nephews William & John Nield the sons of his niece Elizabeth Nield deceased; and the interest and dividends of the remainder sum of £9500 to his niece Sukey Richardson and after her death for the benefit of her child or children. In the case of there being no surviver to receive any of these particular legacies, the said legacy to go to his nephew John Camden. ...
... He instructs that the sum of £14150 is to be taken from the trade partnership of himself, Calvert & King in five installments - £2000 at 2yrs after his death, £3000 at the expiration of the 3rd, 4th and 5th years, and £3150 after the 6th year, with Calvert and King paying lawful interest during those years and the interest be paid to Mary Arrowsmith.
* To his nephew John Camden his shares in the two sugarhouses with dwelling houses warehouses and appurtenances both in St George in the East and held under two leases, one from St Thomas's Hospital and the other from Bridewell Hospital.
* To his execs all his household furniture wines liquors plate linen china rings watches jewels books prints pictures wearing apparel coach horses harnesses and all his pinery and plants about his dwelling house and premises at Leytonstone, Essex, in trust to be sold for the benefit of his sister Mary Arrowsmith.
* To his household ... Robert Martlett his coachman £100, Joseph Oaks his footman £25, Charles Scobit his gardener £10, Elizabeth Hames his cook £15, Sarah Randall his house maid £10. And to his late servant Mrs Charlotte Lewis now Charlotte Hill £25.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to Anthony Calvert.
* Appoints Anthony Calvert, George Lear and Thomas King as his executors.
Signed : William Camden 27 November 1794.
Witnesses : Erazure Townley Ward of Soho Square, Thomas Greehaugh clerk to Mr Camden, James Moss clerk to Mr Ward.

Proved at London 23 November 1796 by the oaths of Anthony Calvert, George Lear and Thomas King his executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1281 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CAMMEYER, Charles - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1407, 1804
This is the last will and testament of me Charles Cammeyer of St Thomas Square in the Parish of St John Hackney Sugar Baker ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his three daughters Elizabeth, Anna Maria & Sophia Cammeyer £3500 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities each.
* To his wife Mary Cammeyer all his household goods plate linen china for her sole use.
* To his executors all the rest and residue of his estate in trust and his wife Mary Cammeyer to receive the interest and dividends from the investments for her natural life, and after her decease the same to be divided equally amongst his five children Charles Cammeyer, Lucy wife of William Strange of Upton Essex, and Elizabeth, Anna Maria & Sophia Cammeyer.
* Appoints his wife Mary Cammeyer, Thomas Norton of Hackney merchant and Magens Dorrien Magens of Finch Lane banker as his executors.
Signed : Charles Cammeyer 25 March 1804.
Witnesses : John Strange St Thomas's Square, William Langmore.

Proved at London 12 April 1804 by the oaths of all three executors named to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1407 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CARLILL, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1695, 1825
It is my will that the whole of my personal property shall devolve at my death to my wife Rebecca Carlill. Signed John Carlill Leman St London 3 November 1823.

Appeared personally ... Sarah Carlill spinster of Kensington Sq, Mdx & George Hammond of Upper Homerton, Mdx, made oath that they were well acquainted with John Carlill and knew his handwriting well, and believed, after careful study, the will to be that of John Carlill. Signed by both 10 February 1825.

On 11 February 1825, there being no executor, administration was granted to Rebecca Carlill widow and relict her having duly sworn to administer.

On 16 March 1825, as Rebecca Carlill had died and John's will had been left unadministered by her, administration was granted to George Carlill one of the executors of her own will.

On 27 July 1829, the will having also been left unadministered by George Carlill, administration was granted to John Carlill another executor of the will of Rebecca Carlill.

[My thanks to John Carlill for this information.]
[TNA PROB 11/1695 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CARTER, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1117, 1784
This is the last will and testament of me John Carter of the parish of Northwold [Norfolk] formerly of Worcester Place London Sugar Refiner ...
* To his nephew Richard Carter £2000.
* To his nephew John Carter £2000.
* To Mr Richard Stone of Lombard Street London £200.
* To his first cousins children of his late Uncle & Aunt Ware £100 to each of them.
* To the Treasurer of the London Hospital Whitechapel Road £100.
* To the Treasurer of the St Luke's Hospital near Moorfields for the Cure of Rumaticks £100.
* To the Treasurer of the Smallpox Hospital near Cold Bath Fields £100.
* To the Treasurer of the Asylum for Poor Orphan Girls near Lambeth £100.
* To the Treasurer of the Norfolk & Norwich Hospital £100.
* To his servants Thomas Caney, Elizabeth Chisney, Elizabeth Folthorp £20 each.
* To Mr Carter of Roydon £10 for mourning.
* To the Poor of the parish of Northwold £10.
* To his niece Martha Rosier an annuity of £50 a year for her own sole use.
* To his nephew Thomas Carter an annuity of £50 a year.
* To the parish of Northwold an annuity of £6 a year being the interest on £200 invested in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities for the teaching of ten or at least eight poor children to read knit and sew, half of which to be paid to Mary Caney every half year so long as she shall continue to keep school and afterwards to some other fit person.
* Appoints his nephew John Carter and Mr Richard Stone as executors.
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
Signed : John Carter 9 May 1782.
Witnesses : Richard Whish of Northwold, John Beales, Samuel Wright.

Codicil : That as Samuel Rosier makes his niece a good husband, the said annuity should continue to be paid in like manner during his lifetime. 23 March 1784.

Proved at London with codicil 17 June 1784 by the oaths of both executors to whom admon was granted.

[Extract of school annuity - Cambridge Record Office 283/B6/61.]
[TNA PROB 11/1117 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CHARD, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/456, 1700
In the name of God Amen. I John Chard of the City of Bristol Sugarbaker ...
* To his mother Anne Hodges one guinea.
* To his brother [-in-law] and sister William James & his wife one guinea each.
* To his brother Robert Chard of Widcomb, Somerset, £50.
* To his brother George Chard of Harptery, Somerset, £5.
* To his cousin Nathaniel Chard, son of his brother George Chard, £5.
* To his cousin Thomas Mason of Bristol skinner one guinea.
* To his cousin Elizabeth Chard, daughter of his brother George Chard, £10.
* To his cousin Rebecca Chard, daughter of his brother George Chard, £5.
* To his cousin William Chard one guinea.
* To Mr Isaac Noble, Minister of the Gospel, one guinea.
* To Mr Dantzey, Minister of the Gospel living at Stapleton, one guinea.
* To my cousin Noccott of Wrington widow one guinea.
* To Goodwife Noble of Bristol widow twenty shillings.
* To the Poor of the Church whereof Mr Noble is Pastor forty shillings.
* To Mr Isaac Noble, Mr William Burges, Mr Edward Skreene, Mr Jonathan Allen, Mr Thomas Morgan & Mr William Fry the younger, all of Bristol, £20 to be by them put forth at interest the profits from which to be used for the maintenance and support of the Pastor of the Meeeting to which he belongs.
* To the executrix of Mary Turber late of Berrow, Somerset, widow deceased £50.
* To Mr Jonathan Blackwell Gent and to his two sisters Elizabeth & Anne, the children of Mrs Anne Blackwell late of Bristol widow deceased, £20 each.
* To Captain Francis Whitchurch, Mr Jonathan Allen, and Mr Bedford, Minister of Temple Parish, one guinea each.
* All the rest and residue of his estate, after his debts legacies and funeral expenses have been paid, to his wife Sarah who he also appoints his sole executrix.
Signed & sealed : John Chard 22 June 1700.
Witnesses : Dorothy Godman, Mary Tomas.

Proved at London on 9 August 1700 by the oath of Sarah Chard relict to whom adminstration was granted.

[My thanks to Raymond Chard for this information.]
[TNA PROB 11/456 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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COAPE, John - Draft Will - summary of Warks RO, CR 1596/Box 90/9/11, 1757
Draft will of John Coape of Thames St, City of London, Sugar Refiner ...
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his mother Hannah Coape £20 for mourning, and likewise for mourning £20 each to his brother James and sister Elizabeth Huthwaite, his aunt Judith Coape, and to his cousin Elizabeth Huthwaite daughter of John Huthwaite.
* To John Spraggin who lives with him £50.
* To his brother William Coape Sherbrooke and Thomas Mills of Chemist’s Lane, London, gents, £50 each to prove the will.
* To John Coe of Malden, Essex, named in marriage settlement between me and (blank) £2000 upon trust.
* To John Coe £436-12-0 with regard to sum owed from Martha Coe to Hannah Coe.
* To wife Hannah Coape £1000, plus £5000 to his executors in trust to be invested, with the interest and dividends etc to his wife Hannah Coape, and after her death £5000 to be divided amongst daughter Hannah and any other children he may have when they reach the age of 21 yrs. If no children then - £1800 equally to Thomas Coe & Francis Coe the children of his brother Thomas Coe, and William Bird the son of William Bird of Malden when they reach 21 yrs, the interest being applied to their education and maintenance before that, and - £3200 equally to his brother William Coape Sherbrooke and sister Elizabeth Huthwaite.
* Rest and residue of goods chattels stock in trade money etc to be sold, the proceeds invested, and the interest to be applied to the education and maintenance of daughter Hannah and any other children he may have. When children reach 21 yrs the capital to be divided equally; if no children then equally to his brother William Coape Sherbrooke and sister Elizabeth Huthwaite.
* Appoints John Coe as guardian to daughter Hannah, and desires that she be educated at a boarding school.
* Appoints William Coape Sherbrooke and Thomas Mills as his executors.
Dated and prepared .... as ....... 1757.
Unsigned.

[Warwickshire Record Office CR 1596/Box 90/9/11 - full original draft will available.]
See ... COAPE, John, of London - 1773 - PRO PROB 11/984 - below.

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COAPE, John - Will - PRO PROB 11/984, 1773
I John Coape of Little Distaff Lane in the City of London, Sugar refiner being of sound and disposing mind and memory do make this last will and testament in manner following that to say imprimus I recommend my soul into the hands of almighty god hoping to inherit everlasting life and my body I commit to the earth to be decently interred in a private manner at the discretion of my executors herein after named and as for such worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased god to bless me after payment of my just debts and funeral expenses I give and dispose thereof as follows that is to say first I confirm unto John Coe of Maldon in the County of Essex the surviving trustee named in the marriage settlement made on the marriage between me and Mary Coe his executors and administrators the sum of two thousand pounds to and for [??es] trusts intents and purposes and to be disposes of by him in such a manner as is mentioned and expressed in the said settlement I give and bequeath unto my said wife Hannah Coape all my household furniture books plate linen watches jewels rings wine and other liquors in my vault and wearing apparel which I shall die possessed of then I give and bequeath unto my said wife One hundred pounds then I give and bequeath unto my daughter Hannah Pigot and to Mr Pigot her husband twenty pounds each for mourning which is all I have given my said daughter Hannah Pigot by this will as she is already handsomely provided for then I give and bequeath into my good friends and executors hereafter named James Benett Nathanial Jarman and John Spaggin fifty pounds each in case they act and prove this my will item all the rest residue and remainder of my estate whether real or personal stock in trade annuities money goods chattels and effects of what nature or fund soever I give devise and bequeath to the said James Benett Nathanial Jarman and John Spaggin ahd their administrators and assigns for ever upon trust that they the said James Benett Nathanial Jarman and John Spaggin and the survivors and survivor of them his heirs executors and admors do and shall as soon as conveniently may be sell and dispose thereof or such part thereof and manner as they shall think proper and also to collect in my outstanding debts and out of the money arising thereby upon trust to lay out the sum of six thousand pounds in government or real securities ot interest and to pay and apply and interest and dividends thereof unto my said wife Hannah Coape and her assigns during the term of her natural life if she shall so long continue my my widow and unmarried but no otherwise or permit her or them to receive the same to and for her and their oun proper use and benefit decease or marriage again then it is my will the same shall sint and go into the residue and remainder of my estate hereafter disposed of and upon this further trust the said trustees and executors do and shall there out pay any part of the said trust estate not exceeding of the sum of four hundred pounds with the apprenticing or placing out to any trade of profession my sons Henry and John Coape and any other son or sons I may leave at my decease and upon further trust that my said trustees and executors do and shall lay out the remainder of the money arising by such sale and which they shall receive as also the six thousand pounds after the decease of marriage of my said wife in or on any government or real securities at interest upon trust or to pay and divide the same and I hereby give and bequeath the same unto and amonxt my children Frances Coape Joanna Coape Henry Coape John Coape and Maria Coape and any other children I shall have by my present wife Hannah Coape or which shall be born within ten months after my disease in equal shares and proportions and to take as tenants in common and not as joint tenants the share or shares of such of then as shall be sons to be paid or transferred to them at their respective ages of twenty one years and the shares of the daughters to be paid or transferred to them at the respective age or ages of twenty one or day or days of marriage which shall first happen and the dividends and interest thereof or such part thereof as my said trustees and executioners shall think proper in thr mean time shall be applied towards their respective maintenance and education and the remainder to accumulate to their benefit. at such time as their original shares shall become payable and in case it shall so happen that one or more of my said children as aforesaid shall die or depart this life before his her or their respective portion shall become payable without leaving [] then I will and direct that the share or part share or parts of his her or them so dying shall go and be pain unto and amongst the survivors and survivor of them share and share alike if more than one at such time as his her or their original share or shares would become payable and to to take as tenants in common and not as joint tenants and the interest of such share or shares in the mean time to be applied as aforesaid provided always nevertheless and I do hereby expressly will and direct that it shall and may be lawful for the said James Benett and John Spaggin and the survivor of them his executors and administrators if they think proper but not otherwise to send and advance out of my said estate and effects unto my partner the said Nathaniel Jarman the sum of four thousand pounds Stirling which together with the two thousand he now owes me on bond will make up six thousand pounds on bond payable to the said James Benett and John Spaggin their executors and administrators with interest after the rate of four percent pa at such time as they shall think proper and also out of my said estate and effects to advance and make use of any part thereof as they shall think proper for carrying on the present trade or business of sugar refiner in partnership with the said Nathanial Jarman on such terms and conditions and for such time as they shall agree on and think proper for the benefit of my children and my said estate and in that case I will and direct that the interest of the six thousand pounds so due and said to be due from the said Nathanial Jarman shall be paid to my wife and her assigns for life in lieu of the interest of the six thousand pounds to directed to be laid out and given to her as aforesaid anything hereinbefore contained to the contrary thereof in any wise but not withstanding but in case the said trade shall not be carried on by my said trustees and executors in partnership with the said Nathanial Jarman as before mentioned then I direct that my whole estate and effects shall be laid out and invested on government or real securities at interest as hereinbefore is directed and I hereby empower the said James Benett and John Spaggin and the survivor of them his executors and administrators to enter into and execute any articles of agreement with the said Nathanial Jarman for that purpose they shall think proper and I also direct that my said trustees and executors shall not be answerable to any loss that may happen in or about the laying out or investing the before mentioned trust premises or any part thereof in or on any such security or securities as abovementioned or in the manner and for the purpose of hereinbefore mentioned and directed and that they shall be at liberty to deduct and reimburse themselves out of the said trust premises in the first place at all times. hereafter all costs charges damages and expenses as well ordinary as extraordinary which they or either of them shall or may sustain or be put into in or about or by reason of the trust hereby in them reposed or the execution of this my last will and that neither of them shall be answerable for the acts receipts or defaults of the other of them and I do hereby make ordain constitute and appoint my said friends James Benett Nathanial Jarman and John Spaggin executors of my last will and testament hereby removing all former wills by me at any time heretofore made so declare this o be my last will and testament in witness whereof I have to this my last will and testament retained in three sheets of paper and to a duplicate thereof to each of the said sheets set my hand and seal the twenty third day of January one thousand seven hundred and seventy one John Coape signed sealed published and declared by the said testator John Coape as and for his last will and testament in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses thereto. Geo Daniel Joseph Moore John Porter This will was proved at London the twenty first day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy three before the worshipful Andrew Coltee Ducarel Doctor of Laws Surrogate of the Knight of Worshipful George Law doctor of laws Master keeper of the Commissary of the prerogative court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oaths of James Benett Nathanial Jarman and John Spragging in the will called Spraggin the executioners named in the said will to whom administration was granted of all the singular the goods chattels and credits of the deceased having been first given duty to administer

[My thanks to Peter Simpson for this transcription.]
[TNA PROB 11/984 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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COE, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/825, 1756
William Coe Thames Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* He gives all his estate both real and personal (except household furniture and plate hereinafter given to "my brother-in-law and partner Mr John Coape") to his two brothers Charles and John Coe (+ heirs etc) for the payment of debts and funeral expenses and the following legacies:
* To brother Thomas Coe - £1200.
* To sister Martha Coe - £1200.
* To sister Ann Bird - interest on £1200 to be invested appropriately by CC and JC(oe) and paid to her every 6 months and after her death to her son William.
* To CC and JC in trust for his niece, Hannah Coape, the daughter of "my late sister Mary Coe" - £1200 to be "put out to the best advantage and to apply the product towards her education during her minority" and the principal to be paid to her when she shall attain the age of 21 yrs or day of marriage whichever first "provided she marry with her father's consent if he be living" or if not with that of the trustees, but if she marries underage and without consent and has a child or children the trust "shall remain for care and maintenance of the child or children till they are of age" etc etc.
* To Mr William Coe of Newgate Street £50.
* To Mrs Mary Leasinby (?) £50..
* To Mr William Coape £20.
* To "my brother-in-law and partner in trade [John Coape] all my share of the household furniture and plate with all the wine and other liquors that are in the Vault and all the furniture that is my private property".
* He wishes that the executors "take the debt due from Mr Richard Beresford to Mr John Coape and myself upon themselves ... that Mr Coape may lose nothing by that loan".
* He appoints CC and JC joint executors and gives them all the rest and residue of his estate.
Signed Nov 4th 1755. Witnessed by John Hood, Frances Gregg George Hackett.

Proved at London Oct 23 1756 ... by the oath of John Coe the surviving executor.

[My thanks to Jane Swan for this summary.]
[TNA PROB 11/825 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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COESTER, Frederick - Inventory summary - Scottish Documents, 1813
Inventory of Frederick Coester sugar boiler of Glasgow who died August 1812 with interest in the principal sum of £20 with the Royal Bank of Scotland at Glasgow dated 22 April 1811, and the interest from same of £1. 1s. 4d.
George Henry von Berg sugarbaker of Glasgow as a creditor of the late Frederick Coester found the following sums to be owed ... to himself for instructing him in the art of sugarmaking £12, to Christian Kohler sugarbaker of Glasgow for garden ground rent £1, and to John Ralph shoemaker of Glasgow £1, both of whom owed the money directly to von Berg.
Dated 7 July 1813.

[Copy of full original available at ScottishDocuments.com.]

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COOPE, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1447, 1806
In the name of God Amen. I John Coope of Osborn Street St Mary Whitechapel, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his son Joseph Coope £6000.
* To his son John Coope £6000, and in consideration of all his help both business and domestic the further sum of £1000.
* To his daughter Susanna Coope £6000.
* To his daughter Elizabeth Jesser Coope £6000, and the further sum of £300 towards the cost of her keeping a horse for the purpose of the Exercise of Riding.
* To his daughter Sarah Coope £6000.
* To his brother-in-law William Jesser and his sister-in-law Elizabeth Jesser £10 each for mourning.
* To the Poor of Whitechapel £20, to the Poor of Wanstead £10, to the Charity School in Wanstead £10, and to the Charity School in Wood St Spitalfields £10.
* To his son Joseph Coope his leasehold field with a hedge round at Snaresbrook, Wanstead for the rest of its lease.
* To each of his family servants living at his house at the time of his decease £5 for mourning.
* To his son William Jesser Coope £1000, and an annuity of £300 per year.
* All his household goods plate linen and wearing apparel to be divided equally amongst his six children.
* The portraits of his father, wife, and self all by Chamberlain, and his late wife’s portrait by Hoare to his sons Joseph and John Coope. The portraits of his father-in-law William Jesser and of his wife by Hoare and of Miss Jesser and Thomas Jesser to his three daughters, to whom he also gives his late wife’s jewels and trinkets. His picture of french camp over the chimney piece in the parlour and the two pictures of shipping by Holman and ?Luny to his sons Joseph and John Coope.
* To his son John Coope his three freehold houses with the warehouse and millhouse adjoining built by himself and the land in Osborn St, Whitechapel, and both freehold houses built by himself in Angel Alley, and all his ground rents, messuages, tenements, lands, premises etc in ?london Street, City of London.
* Of his 26 shares in Phoenix Fire Office ... twelve to Joseph Coope, ten to John Coope, four to William Jesser Coope. [The sons changed this allocation in favour of William - see Phoenix]
* Of his 20 shares in Pelican Assurance Office ... four to Joseph Coope, sixteen to John Coope.
* To his sons Joseph and John Coope his interest in the New Warehouse equally between them.
* To his sons Joseph and John Coope all the rest and residue of his estate equally.
* Appoints his sons Joseph and John Coope as his executors.
Signed : John Coope on 9 January 1802.
Witnesses : William Walton, William Lee, and William Paterson.

Private directions ... To be buried one hour after sunrise. The hearse and coach and pair not to be adorned with feathers. Only his sons to attend his funeral. No adverse comments to be made by Mr Evans in his sermon as he wishes his faults and follies buried with him. Asks God to forgive his harmful comments about his sister’s state of mind and pain from her malady. Wishes to be buried at Camberwell churchyard with his father, mother, brother & sister. Signed John Coope on 18 January 1799.

Codicil ... As his son John has built a new carriage, he wishes Joseph to have his chariot and horse and hay. 1804.

Memorandum ... Deleted a few words in original will. 3 Feb 1806.

Appeared personally ... John Ward Stafford senior and junior were both called to verify the will and additions to it. 11 Aug 1806.

Proved at London 13 August 1806 by the oaths of both executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1447 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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COOPE, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1593, 1817
In the name of God Amen. I Joseph Coope of Osborn Street Whitechapel Sugar Refiner ...
* To his sister Susanna Coope £5000, his repeating watch, key and seal, fifty dozen wines, and twenty Phoenix Fire Office shares.
* To his sister Sarah Coope £5000, fifty dozen old ports, and eight Phoenix Fire Office shares.
* To his two sisters Susanna & Sarah Coope all his household furniture linen plate glasses tumblers spoons and all family and other pictures.
* To his brother William Jessor Coope £1000, fifty dozen wine, two new and two old Thames and Medway Canal shares.
* To M? Coope, his brother William’s wife, £500.
* To William John Coope, his brother William’s son, £400.
* To Eliza Anderson, Mrs William Coope’s daughter, £500.
* To Owen Anderson £500.
* To Joshua Anderson £500.
* To his brother John Coope £5000, and £1500 to pay one annuity of £300 per year left by his late father for his brother John and himself to pay during the natural life of his brother William Jessor Coope, and £1000 to pay an annuity of £100 during the natural life of William John Coope, son of William J Coope. Also his five East London Water Works shares and thirteen London Dock shares, and fifty dozen wines.
* To Mrs John Coope £2000.
* To his brother John Coope’s four daughters and five sons £2000 each, and to Marianne Coope £500 more than the rest.
* To Mrs, Miss & Mr M Jessor £1000 between them.
* To Richard Coope £19.
* To Mr & Mrs Edward Pickard £600 between them.
* To Richard Miles £200.
* To John J Lawson £1000.
* To William Ward £1000, and to his wife £500, and to their children? Mary, Sarah, Ann, Joseph, John, Edward and George £500 each.
* To Priscilla Belman £500.
* To each of his servants at the time of his decease £19-19s.
* To The London Hospital, the Orphan School City Road, and the Wood Street School in Spitalfields, £1000 each.
* To Rev John Goans, Rev Daniel Mathius, and Rev John Whalley, £1000 each.
* To Mrs Elizabeth Sturch £400.
* To Mr & Mrs Thomas Hodgson £500 between them, and to Thomas Hodgson jun. £100.
* To Mr & Mrs Benjamin Nind £1000 between them, to Benjamin Nind his Godson £500, and to each of his four sisters and one brother £100.
* To Richard Miles, W? son, fifty dozen wines.
* To William Ward fifty dozen wines.
* To J J Saroson fifty dozen wines.
* To the Poor of the White Chapel £100, and to the Poor of Leytonstone £50.
* To Mr & Mrs Key £100 between them.
* To William Sa? £50.
* To George Absolam £100, and to George Nelson Absolam £300.
* To George Farrar £100, and to John Brown Farrar £400.
* To Mrs John Coope his eighteen Pelican Life Insurance shares.
* To John William Coope, his brother John’s son, his gold watch and all his trinkets, with shoe and knee buckles.
* To his nephew Joseph Coope his silver inkstand.
* He appoints his brother John Coope with William Ward and Benjamin Nind, as the joint executors to his will.
Signed : Joseph Coope on 20 May 1817.
Witnessed by his three executors.

Codicil he wishes Mary Taylor to have the glasses she painted for him.

Appeared personally David Stirtz and John Bunkin of Osborn Street gentlemen who made oath that knowing Joseph Coope and his handwriting this was indeed his true will. [A series of examples of words written over erasures are being questioned here.]

Proved at London with a codicil 21 June 1817 by the oaths of the three executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1593 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CORDES, Henry - Inventory summary - Scottish Documents, 1822
Inventory of Henry Cordes sugar boiler of Dundee who died suddenly whilst on a journey from Dundee to London on 28 January 1822 without leaving a will.
His effects were sold by warrant of the Sheriff on Forfarshire upon the request of Elizabeth Shepherd and David Baxter to whom the late Henry Cordes owed money. Effects sold for sum of £7. 14s. 9d. on 29 August 1822, and estate valued at not more than £20.

[Copy of full original available at ScottishDocuments.com.]

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COSLETT, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1575, 1815
I William Coslett of Wentworth Street, Spitalfields in the parish of Christchurch, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner & Scum Boiler ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his two sons Marmaduke William Coslett and Roderick Gwynne Coslett all his estate and effects of whatever nature to be equally divided.
* His premises at Wentworth Street where he carries out his trade as a scum boiler along with all stock and utensils to his son Marmaduke William Coslett so as he carries on the business. No part of this shall fall to Roderick Gwynne Coslett, though a valuation shall be taken by the executors and a similar amount placed to trust for him.
* Appoints Thomas Bishop of Church Lane, Whitechapel, Sugar Refiner, James Ingram of the City of Bristol, Grocer, and Nathanial Temperley of Gloucester Street, Commercial Rd, Sugar Refiner, as his executors.
Signed : William Coslett on 28 October 1815.
Witnesses : Andrew German clerk, Samuel Haslam clerk, J W Harris, and Joseph H Hughes surgeon RN.

On 23 December 1815 administration was given to Marmaduke William Coslett his oath first being sworn, Thomas Bishop, James Ingram, and Nicholas Temperley having first renounced.

[TNA PROB 11/1575 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CRAVEN, Matthew - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1558, 1814
This is the last Will and Testament of me Matthew Craven of Nelson Street Whitechapel Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* Appoints his wife Margaret Craven and his brother John Craven of Stamford Hill as his executors.
* To his executors upon trust all his freehold estates, his business to be continued by them or wound up as they think fit. All monies from this and other sources to be invested - part of the interest to be paid to his wife Margaret Craven as an annuity of £400 per year paid quarterly during her life, the residue being used for the continued maintenance and education of his children, until they each attain the age of twenty one at which time that residue shall be divided equally amongst them. After his wife’s death her investment to be divided equally amongst his children. In case there are no living children, then all interest etc shall go to his wife and at the time of her death the principal shall be divided equally between his brothers John Craven and James Craven.
* To his executors upon trust an insurance policy No 8398 with the Equitable Insurance Office in Bridge St Blackfriars on his life for £3000.
* To his wife Margaret Craven his leasehold house at Clapton with all the wines liquors linen china plate furniture and other effects. Signed : Matthew Craven on 26 March 1805. Witnesses : David Smith, James Hillyer and Robert Wilson.

Codicil he increases the annuity to his wife Margaret Craven to £1000 per year.

Proved at London with a codicil on 20 July 1814 by the oath of Margaret Craven.

[TNA PROB 11/1558 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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CRONE, John - Will - summary of newspaper report, 1892
Probate of will of John Crone of Sandath House, Penrith, formerly of Liverpool, sugar refiner, who died aged 84, leaving net value of £136,805.
* To his executors, Thomas Walton Stead and Edwin Cannington, £250 each.
* To his old servant James Warburton, £250.
* To George Hayton, Jane Harrington and Alice Jaques, £150 each.
* To Henry Jenkinson £50.
* To the British & Foreign Bible Society £500.
* The Wesleyan Foreign Missions £1000.
* The Wesleyan Home Missions and Contingent Fund £1000.
* The Wesleyan Worn-out and Aged Ministers Auxiliary Fund £1000.
* The Rev Bowmans Stephenson Homes, New Kingswood and Woodhouse Grove Schools £500 each.
* The Wesleyan Theological Institution £250.
* To his son Joseph Russell Crone £2500.
* To his daughter-in-law, the widow of his son Thomas Mann Crone, an annuity during her widowhood of £150.
* In trust for the 3 children of his second son £16,000, subject to the payment from the income thereof of the annuity of their mother.
* To his wife Eleanor £500 and a life annuity.
* The residue of his estate to his daughters Mrs Eleanor Thornborrow and Mrs Elizabeth Saunderson, and his sons Joseph Russell Crone and John Crone.
Dated 10 November 1884, with codicils 10 August 1888 and 12 November 1891.

[Liverpool Mercury 5 March 1892]

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DAMES, Richard - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1646, 1821
I Richard Dames of Forest Gate West Ham in the County of Essex ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth Dames all his household furniture plate linen china books and other things belonging to his home for her absolute use and benefit.
* Appoints his son George Dames and William Wells Plaxton both of Lambert Street Goodmans Fields sugar refiners and his son Charles Richard Dames of Gowers Walk Goodmans Fields sugar cooper as his trustees.
* To his trustees all his freehold estate consisting of one sugarhouse and the Crown Public House both in Rupert Street and a tenement joined thereto on the south side of Johnsons Court Rupert Street and all his freehold sugarhouse and two dwelling houses both in Lambert Street upon trust for his wife Elizabeth Dames to receive the rents and profits from the same for her natural life and for her sole use. She may make this freehold estate a subject of her own will.
* To his trustees all his leasehold premises in Leman Street and all other leasehold estates upon trust, the ground rents to be paid and his wife Elizabeth Dames and his son Charles Richard Dames to receive the rents and profits from the same for there joint and equal use and benefit during the natural life of his said wife.
* On the death of his wife Elizabeth Dames ...
... his trustees may if they wish sell his freehold estate aforementioned with the proceeds accrued going into the residue of his estate,
... and to his son Charles Richard Dames his freehold estate of ten houses in Lambert Street and the White Hart Public House in Hooper Square and the six houses adjoining it and his old warehouse adjoining his sugarhouse in Rupert Street,
... and to his son Charles Richard Dames any unexpired terms of his leasehold property for the remainder of there terms.
* To his wife Elizabeth Dames his half share in the business of sugar cooper with his son Charles Richard Dames in both Rupert Street and Leman Street as well as his share in the profits thereof, and that the business continue and a proper agreement of co-partnership be drawn up.
* To his trustees £2000 to be invested in Government securities with the interest and proceeds from it to his daughter Lucy Elizabeth Dames for her sole use, and after her death to be held under the same terms for the equal benefit of any child or children she may have for their maintenance and education. If no child or children then the capital to sink back into the residue of his estate.
* He has a joint interest in the business of sugar refining with his son George Dames and William Wells Plaxton in Rupert Street and Lambert Street and has considerable capital invested therein ... he appreciates that if this is withdrawn at the time of his death it will injure the business and so directs that £5000 of his capital should remain in the business for ten years after his death providing the other two partner continue to live and continue the business for their joint and exclusive benefit, subject to a bond of obligation - with a penalty of £10,000 and a condition of repayment of the £5000 immediately the ten years period ends or sooner if the partnership ends - being presented by the other two partners to his wife Elizabeth Dames and his son Charles Richard Dames. Interest on the £5000 to be paid quarterly to the estate and the principal sum to be considered part of the residue of the estate.
* He releases his son George Dames from repayment of a £4000 loan.
* All the rest and residue of his personal estate and effects to his trustees to be sold or changed to money and invested in Government securities, and ...
... £4000 to be invested for the maintenance education and support of Elizabeth Jane Hillas, Richards Fleming Hillas, George Leicester Hillas and Fleming Hillas the children of his late daughter Mary Hillas wife of Fleming Hillas of the Customs London until they reach the respective ages of 21 years and at 21 years of age each to receive their equal share of the £4000 principal sum,
... £4000 to his son Charles Richard Dames,
... £4000 to be invested in Government securities the interest from which to be paid jointly to his daughter Ann Martha Plaxton and her husband William Wells Plaxton for their own use for their natural lives, and if they should die to the benefit, in trust, for the child or children of same,
... £4000 to be invested in Government securities the interest from which to be paid to his daughter Sarah Dickinson Plaxton wife of Thomas Wells Plaxton farmer of Cudham Kent for her own use for her natural life, and after her death to the benefit, in trust, for her child or children. Sarah Dickinson Plaxton is at liberty, in writing, to advance all or part of the principal £4000 to her husband for the purpose of carrying out his business for the benefit of his family,
... and the rest and residue not allocated above to be divided into five equal parts, one part to his son George Dames, one part to the children of his said daughter Mary Hillas, one part to his daughter Ann Martha Plaxton and her husband and child(ren), one part to his daughter Sarah Dickinson Plaxton and her child(ren), and one part his son Charles Richard Dames.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Dames, George Dames, William Wells Plaxton and Charles Richard Dames as his executors.
Signed : Richard Dames 15 February 1820.
Witnesses : J Fitzgerald SP Hill City, G Fitzgerald of the same place his clerk, James Fairbank of Leman Street surgeon.

Codicil : He does not wish the freehold estate bequeathed to his wife Elizabeth Dames to be allowed to become a subject of her own will and after her death he wishes that said freehold estate go to his son George Dames and if he is not living then to his son Charles Richard Dames.
Signed : Richard Dames 24 February 1820.
Witnesses : J Fitzgerald SP Hill, J Hall 24 Leman Street, Sarah Hookensmith servant to Richard Dames.

Proved at London with a codicil 8 August 1821 by the oaths of all four executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1646 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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DANVERS, Daniel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/744, 1746
In the Name of God Amen. I Daniel Danvers of Liverpool in the County of Lancaster Sugarbaker É
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth Danvers £100, and the enjoyment of his seat in the Chapel in Benn's Gardens and all his household goods (until his son Daniel Danvers attains the age of 21 years or marries) providing she remains unmarried.
* To his brother-in-law John Hood of London attorney at law and his friend John Bostock of Liverpool merchant £25 each, and his mother-in-law Mary Hood of London £10 , and his friend Samuel Ogden of Liverpool merchant £10 for mourning.
* To his kinsman Daniel Cunningham attorney at law in London £20, to Henry Winder of Liverpool clerk £10, to Joseph Lawton of Gattaker clerk £5, to Alexander Wright of Ormskirk clerk £5, to John Owen of Warrington clerk £5, to John Angier near Hull clerk £5, and to Mr Winter at Bardon Leicestershire clerk £5.
* The annual sum of £10 to and for the education and maintenance of his nephew John Danvers son of his late brother Charles Danvers until he attains the age of 21 years, and if he reaches that age then to him £100.
* To his cousin Daniel Danvers of Battersea London £5 [annually].
* To every one of his domestic servants that are living with him at the time of his death 40 shillings each.
* To his executors £1500 to be invested by them for the use of any children of the said Daniel Danvers as shall be living or ventre sa mere at the time of his death to be equally divided amongst them if they attian the age of 21 years or marry.
* All the rest and residue of his personal estate and all his messuages lands tenements to his son Daniel Danvers with an annuity of £150 to his (Daniel senior's) wife Elizabeth Danvers in compliance with a settlement made at the time of his marriage.
* In case there are younger children born to he and his wife or ventre sa mere at the time of his death he gives to his son Daniel Danvers £1500 for his and their use, and instructs his executors to have regard for the education and maintenance of any such younger children with a yearly sum not exceeding £20 each.
* If his son Daniel Danvers and any futher children (as above) die before they attain the age of 21 years of marry, then he gives £400 to his wife Elizabeth Danvers. If she has already died, then £200 to his said nephew John Danvers, £50 to his brother Anthony Danvers, £50 to his sister Elizabeth Danvers, £50 to his sister Sarah Cockshutt wife of Timothy Cockshutt of London merchant, £50 to his niece Sarah Green or their respective issue.
* During the minority of his son Daniel and any other younger children, he gives his executors power of contract to renew such leases on his estate as they think proper in order to provide from his estate for the education and maintenance of the said children.
* If he dies with no wife or issue, then he gives his nephew John Danvers all his messuages lands tenements. Except for his house in Redcross Street Liverpool where he now lived with the adjacent sugarhouse and yard, and the several dwelling houses in Liverpool now in the possession of William Whitaker, William Whanwell, John Higson, and Robert Lever, and the yard in the possession of John Clinton, all to his brother Athony Danvers pursuant with the will of his late father.
* Nominates his wife Elizabeth Danvers, his brother-in-law John Hood and his friend John Bostock as his executors.
Signed : Daniel Danvers. 3 August 1739.
Witnesses : Elizabeth Pemberton, Frances Cropper, Js Brownsword.

Proved at London 15 January 1745 by the oaths of the first two named executors to whom admon was granted.
Proved at London 23 April 1746 by the oath of the last named executor to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/744 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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DANVERS, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/358, 1678.
In the Name of God Amen. I John Danvers of Battersea, Surrey, Sugar Baker É
* To Susanna daughter of Allyn Smith late of Nether Pillerton, Warwickshire, now his wife, £1000.
* To his son John Danvers £1200 to be paid at age 21 years.
* To his son Daniel Danvers £200 to be paid at age 21 years.
* To his daughter Elizabeth Danvers £1200 to be paid at age 21 years or the time of her marriage whichever the earlier.
* To his daughter Mary Danvers £1000 to be paid at age 21 years or the time of her marriage whichever the earlier.
* If any of his children die before receiving their legacy, then it is to be shared among the surviving siblings. He asks his executrix to invest the sums stated until they are paid, the interest to be put toward the education of the said children in their minority.
* To his cousin Edmund Chillenden £20.
* To Mr John Gosnold £10, and to the congregation of Mr John Gosnold £10.
* To his wife Susanna Danvers his house farm and lands he has purchased called Upper West Newlands in Dengie Hundred in Essex for her natural life, and after her death to his son John Danvers and his heirs, and if no issue to his son Daniel Danvers and his heirs É etc, to Elizabeth Danvers, Mary Danvers.
* He and his brother Samuel Danvers purchased the copyhold messuage tenement sugarhouse yards gardens and appurtenances situate in Battersea for their joint occupation on the agreement that if either should die the other would purchase his half of the business. He wills the said purchase sum from Samuel Danvers to his son John Danvers and appoints his wife Susanna as his guardian.
* The rest and residue of his goods and chattels and estate to his wife Susanna Danvers.
* Appoints his wife Susanna Danvers his sole executrix, and appoints his brothers Samuel Danvers, James Child, Allyn Smith and John Neale as overseers and gives them each £5 for a ring.
Signed: John Danvers. 30 August 1677.
Witnesses: Benjamin Smith, Frances Greene, Christian Rothel.

Codicil É Both his children John and Mary Danvers have died and he changes his will regarding their respective legacies being divided among their siblings. Of the said £2200, £300 to his daughter Elizabeth Danvers, £200 to his son Daniel Danvers, and the remaining £1700 to his wife Susanna Danvers. Signed: John Danvers 20 July 1678. Witnesses: James Berry, Jonathan Leigh, John Howell snr.

Proved at London October 1678 by the oath of Susanna Danvers.

[TNA PROB 11/358 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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DAVIS, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1991, 1844
This is the last will and testament of me George Davis of the City of Bristol Sugar Refiner ...
* All his household furniture plate clothes bed and table linen china prints etc to his wife Sarah Davis.
* Appoints Nathaniel Edgecombe, Thomas Garlick grocer and Henry Penton undertaker all of Bristol as his executors and gives them each 5 guineas.
* The residue of his estate to be invested as his executors think fit, the interest and dividends to be divided into two equal shares ...
* The first half to be paid to his wife Sarah Davis for her natural life, and upon her death to his daughter Helen Davis.
* Of the second half £20pa to be paid to his mother Mary Davis, the rest to his daughter Helen Davis until age 21 years and during the life of his mother. On the death of his mother all the interest and dividends to his daughter Helen Davis.
Signed : George Davis on 31 January 1843.
Witnesses : Thomas W Webb and William Rice, clerks to Mr Dix solicitor of Bristol.

Proved at London on 20 January 1844 by the oaths of all three executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1991 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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DETTMAR, Johan Christian - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1647, 1821
This is the last will and testament of me Johan Christian Dettmar of Wellclose Square in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner...
* To his Executors ... Thomas Wales of Betts St sugar refiner & Werner Hocke of Silver Street sugar refiner ... all his leasehold sugarhouse and dwelling house in Wellclose Square, as well as stock, utensils, household furniture, monies, wearing apparel, goods and chattels, and five shares in the Phoenix Fire Office, upon trust to be sold to purchase five percent Navy Annuities.
* To his brother Hans George Dettmar of GotsbŸren [GottsbŸren] in Hesse £1500 Navy Annuities, and on his death to be sold and divided amongst the family of HGD : children Henry Dettmar £600, George Dettmar £600, and a daughter £300, and his wife £300.
* To his brother Jacob Dettmar of Hesse Cassel £2500 Navy Annuities, and to be sold on his death and distributed amongst his family.
* To his brother in law Sebastian Paul of GotsbŸren [GottsbŸren] husband of his late sister Maria £500 Navy Annuities, and on his death to be sold and given to his (SB) daughter Anna Martha.
* To his nephew Lawrence ?Halsansterhead otherwise Halserhead of Upper Rathbone Place shopkeeper £300, and to his daughter £200.
* To his nephew George ?Halsansterhead of ?Sellin in Hesse £300.
* To the sister of Lawrence and George above £500.
* To each of : his nephews George and Henry Dettmar ; George Dettmar of Osborne Street sugar refiner and his wife Caroline £100 ; to John Henry Dettmar, George Dettmar the younger, Charlotte Dettmar, Harriett Dettmar their children £5.
* To George Gaviller of Lower Clapton sugar refiner £1000.
* To William Dettmar of Upton Place Essex sugar refiner £300.
* To Frederick Buck of Wellclose Square sugar refiner and Mary Ann Buck his sister £300 each.
* To ? Sellers, Broad Street, chemist and hid wife Margaret £100 each.
* To ? Smallwood of Greenfield Street cabinet maker and his wife Sarah £100 each.
* To his executor Thomas Wales £500.
* To his clerk Francis Newton of Wellclose Square £300.
* To Joseph Hedley the younger of Commercial Chambers Mincing Lane sugar broker £200.
* To his executor Werner Hocke £100.
* To his servant Michael Saurmilch of Wellclose Square £25, and to his housekeeper Mary Bull £20.
* To the German Reformed Church in Hooper Square, but not if the Rev Mr HŸlle continues to be the Minister, and to the Parochial Charity Schools of Saint John in Wapping, and to the London Orphan Asylum, £100 each.
Signed : Johan Christian Dettmar on 6 April 1821.
Witnesses : J Lush of Wellclose Square and Henry Merceron of Saint Olave.

Codicil : That if his Sugar House cannot be advantageously sold, then his executors are at liberty to let it at the best rent available.

Proved at London on 21 August 1821 by the oaths of Thomas Wales and Werner Hocke to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1647 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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DETTMAR, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1658, 1822
This is the last will and testament of me George Dettmar of Wanstead in the County of Essex and also of Osborn Street Whitechapel in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner.
* All debts, funeral and testatory expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Catherine Letitia Dettmar all his household goods, furniture and other effects in or about his house and premises called Blake Hall in Wanstead, and also £500 to be paid her immediately.
* Appoints Emanuel Goodhart of Bromley Grove, George Gaviller of Clapton, Thomas Wales of Betts Street, and George East, sugar refiners, joint executors, and to each of them £50 for a ring.
* To his executors to hold in trust, he gives all his freehold lands, tenements, hereditements and real estate, copyhold and leasehold property, and all residue of his personal estate ... they are free to manage or sell as they think fit.
* To his wife Catherine Letitia Dettmar an annuity of £600 to be paid half yearly., the full investment being made to cover this annuity throughout her life.
* To his daughters Charlotte Louisa Dettmar and Harriett Matilda Dettmar £1000 each, and a further sum of £1000 each to be invested on their behalves, the interest from which to be paid to them or their heirs.
* To his son John Henry Dettmar a fourth part of the residue of his estate, and a fourth part of the investment set aside for his wife’s annuity after her death, which after his death is to be divided equally amongst any of his children should they reach the age of 21.
* To his son George Joseph Dettmar a fourth part of the residue of his estate, and a fourth part of the investment set aside for his wife’s annuity after her death., in trust for him.
* The remaining half part to be invested, with payments of interest to his son John Henry Dettmar and two daughters Charlotte Louisa Dettmar and Harriett Matilda Dettmar at the discretion of the executors.
Signed : George Dettmar on 6 May 1822.
Witnesses : Charles Druce Jun of Billiter Square, Frederick Elmer of same, James Foulger servant to Mr Dettmar.

Proved at London on 28 June 1822 by the oaths of Emanuel Goodhart, George Gaviller and Thomas Wales to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1658 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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DETTMAR, William - Admon - summary of PCC Jul 1824
William Dettmar died 7 July 1824. Administration of his goods etc was granted to Mary Anne Dettmar the relict. £6000.

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT499]

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DIRS, Carsten - Will - abstract from Collier 503 Dec 1777
In the name of God Amen, Carsten Dirs of Well Close Square in the county of Middlesex sugar refiner, do make and declare this to be my last will and testament.
I direct that all my just debts funeral expenses and the charges of proving this my will be in the first place fully paid, and after payment thereof, I give unto my nephew Carsten Dirs son of my brother Court Dirs of Pennington Street sugar refiner all that my leasehold sugar house and premises with the appurtenances as the same as now occupied by Carsten Holthouse and another and also of all that messuage or tenement hereto adjoining known by the sign of the Prince of Denmark and now in the occupation of [...] Bestor widow all which said premises are situate and being in Shorter Street near Well Close Square aforesaid. To hold to my said nephew the said Carsten Dirs his executors etc for all the term of years I have now to come therein to and for his own proper use. Also I give to my said nephew the said Carsten Dirs all and singular my household furniture plate linen and china standing and being in and about my dwelling house in Well Close Square aforesaid to and for his own proper use and benefit for ever. Also I give and bequeath to my nephew John Carsten Dirs of Warpe in Germany £100. Also I give to [...] Dirs the wife of my said nephew John Carsten Dirs £10 for mourning. Also I give to my nephew Harm Dirs brother of the said John Carsten Dirs £20. Also I give to my loving sister Metke Heier of the county of Hoya £20. Also I give unto my good friend Mr Christopher Ludekins of Radcliff Highway sugar refiner the sum of £10 for mourning. Also I give unto Carsten Holthouse of Shorter Street sugar refiner £10 for mourning. All the rest residue etc of my estate whatsoever both real and personal I do give the same unto my loving brother the said Court Dirs to hold to him his executors administrators and assigns for ever and I do hereby appoint the said Court Dirs sole executor of this my will hereby revoking all former and other wills by me at any time heretofore made.
In witness whereof I the said Carsten Dirs have hereunto set my hand and seal this eleventh day of December 1777.
The mark of Carsten Dirs.
Signed etc in our presence who in his presence and at his desire and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our names as witnesses.
Frederick Wendeborn, Diederick Crown, Major Wright.

This will was proved at London the 13th day of December 1777 before the worshipful Andrew Coltee Ducarel Doctor of Laws Surregate of the right worshipful Sir George Hay Knight Doctor of Laws Master Reeper on Comissary of the PC Canterbury by the oath of Court Dirs the brother of the deceased and a sole executor named in the said will to whom administration was granted of all and singular the goods etc of the said deceased.

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT499]

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DIRS, Court Henry - Will - abstract from Oxford 216 July 1812
In the name of God Amen, I Court Henry Dirs of the parish of St George county of Middlesex sugar refiner being of sound mind etc do make this my last will and testament. I give unto my granddaughter Rachel Dirs the sum of £500 to be paid to her within twelve months after my decease. Also I give unto Herman Dirs of Warpe Ampt Hoya in the Hanoverian Dominions farmer the sum £200 within twelve months after my decease. I give unto the widow the Christopher ffrieserick late of Eisso Ampt Hoya in the Hanoverian Dominions the sum of £100 to be paid within twelve months after my decease [also I give unto ffriesericks her son the sum of £50 to be paid within twelve months after my decease]
I give unto Helena Dirs of Warpe the aforesaid the sum of £50 to be paid within twelve months next after my decease.
I give unto John Henry Hyer of Eisse aforesaid the sum of £100 to be paid him within twelve months next after my decease.
I give unto the eldest daughter of the said Herman Dirs £50 within twelve months next after my decease.
I give unto Ehliz Meyer daughter of the said Helena Dirs the sum of £50 to be paid her within twelve months next after my decease. Also I give unto William Dirs of Halifax Street victualler £100 to be paid within twelve months after my decease. I give unto Christopher Gidators sugar boiler now in my service £100 within twelve months. I give unto my housekeeper Eleanor Brandor £200 to be paid to her within six months after my decease. I give unto my maid servant Mary ffrost £50 to be paid her within six months after my decease. I give unto the Rev Mr Boucherri the minister of the Lutheran Chapel in Trinity Lane London £40 to be paid to him within six months next after my decease. I give unto Henry Matons son of Lear Mertens of Well Close Square sugar refiner £50 within six months after my decease. I give unto Margaret Forster the wife of [...] Forster of Lower East Smithfield ship chandler £50 within six months after my decease. I give unto my good friends Ludewig Witte of Well Close Square aforesaid sugar refiner, George Dettmar of Osborne Street Whitechapel sugar refiner the before named Lear Mertens and Gabriel Hesse of Leman Street Goodman's Fields sugar broker each £50 for mourning. Also I give unto John Carsten Hesse son of the said Gabriel Hesse £100 to be paid within six months after my decease.
Also I give £300 unto the Treasurer and Secretary for the time being of a Voluntary Society commonly known by the name of the Middlesex Society for educating poor children in the Protestant religion which society has instituted in the year of 1781 whose school house is in Cannon Street Road in said parish of St George the same to be paid within six months after my decease. Also I give unto the Trustees of the Gizman Charity School situated in Little Alie Street Goodman's Fields £50 within six months after my decease. Also I give unto my said son Carsten Dirs the said Ludewig Witte and the said George Dettmar £1000 upon trust that they their executors etc shall invest the same in five percent Bank Navy Annuities and when so invested pay unto my granddaughter Rachael Dirs or otherwise permit her to receive the interest thereof from time to time for her own use during her life independent of any husband with whom she may intermarry and from and after her decease in case she shall have issue then upon trust to sell out or transfer the whole of the said principal sum to be invested unto and amongst all and every child or children of my said granddaughter Rachael Dirs as shall be living at the time of her decease etc but in case my said granddaughter Rachael Dirs shall die unmarried then after her decease I give the whole of the said money so to be laid out and invested as aforesaid and all of the interest etc unto my said son Carsten Dirs [to and for his own proper use and benefit for ever]. Also I give an bequeath unto the said Carsten Dirs, Ludewig Witte and George Dettmar the like sum of £1000 upon trust that they shall invest the same in five percent Bank Navy Annuities and when so laid out and invested pay unto my granddaughter Sophia Dirs or otherwise permit her to receive the interest thereof from time to time during her life and from and after her decease in case she shall have been married or leave issue then upon trust to sell out or transfer the whole of the said sum as aforesaid unto and between all and every child or children of my said granddaughter Sophia Dirs equally but in case my said granddaughter Sophia Dirs shall die unmarried then after her death I give the whole of the said money unto my said son Carsten Dirs for ever. Also I give unto the said Carsten Dirs, Ludewig Witte and George Dettmar alike sum of £1000 upon trust that they shall invest the same in five percent Navy Bank Annuities and pay unto my granddaughter Harriet Dirs or otherwise permit her to receive the interest from time to time during her life and after her decease in case she shall leave issue then to sell out or transfer the whole sum unto every child and children of my said granddaughter Harriet Dirs etc etc but in case my said granddaughter Harriet Dirs shall die unmarried then after her death I give the whole of the said sum to my said son Carsten Dirs to and for his own proper use for ever. Also I give unto the said Carsten Dirs, Ludewig Witte and George Dettmar £1000 upon trust that they shall invest the same in five percent Bank Navy Annuities and pay unto my granddaughter Sarah Dirs the interest thereof from time to time during her life and after her decease in case she shall have married or leave issue then upon trust to sell out or transfer etc unto and amongst all and every child and children of my said granddaughter Sarah Dirs equally etc but in case my said granddaughter Sarah Dirs shall die unmarried or leave no issue then after her death I give the whole of the said son to my said son Carsten Dirs for his own use for ever. All the rest and remaining of my estate whatsoever and wheresoever both real and personal or of what nature or kind soever which I shall be possessed of etc at the time of my decease after payment of my just debts funeral expenses etc I give the same unto my said son Carsten Dirs to hold the same to him his heirs and assigns for ever and I do hereby constitute and appoint my said son Carsten Dirs Ludewig Witte and George Dettmar executors of this my said will hereby revoking all former and other wills by me at any time theretofore made and lastly it is my will and mind that my said executors and the survivors or survivor of them shall in the first place keep to themselves or himself out of my estate and effects all and singular such costs charges and expenses as they may bear or be put unto for or in respect of any of the trusts or matters contained in this my will or in the execution thereof or any part of thereof etc. In witness whereof by the said Court Henry Dirs have to this my said will contained in eight sheets of paper to the first seven sheets thereof set my hand and to the last sheet my hand and seal this second day of July 1811...... signed etc by the said testator Court Henry Dirs as and for his last will and testament in our presence who in his presence and at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto set and subscribed our names as witnesses...... Jno Symonds Cannon St Road, Henrich Witte Wellclose Square, Major Wright Wellclose Square London.
Whereas I Court Henry Dirs of the parish of St George in the county of Middlesex sugar refiner made and declared my last will and testament in writing bearing date the 22nd day of July 1811 now I the said Court Henry Dirs do by this present codicil to my said last will and testament annexed confirm and ratify my said last will and every clause therein contained but it is my will and desire that my executors in my said will named shall immediately after my decease purchase in their names the sum of twenty five pounds per annum in the stock of ffund commonly called Long Annuities and from time to time by the same sum of twenty five pounds by quarterly or half-yearly payments in their discretion unto John Court Dirs of the parish of St George yeoman for and during the term of his natural life and from and after his decease I give and bequeath the said some of twenty five pounds Long Annuities unto my son Carsten Dirs to and for his own use for ever. Also I give an bequeath unto Jost Sharmhousen the sum of twenty five pounds to and for his own use. Also I give unto Margaret Sharmhousen his wife the like sum of twenty five pounds to and for her own use. And I do hereby direct and require that this codicil shall become and taken as part of my said last will and testament. In witness whereof I the said Court Henry Dirs have to this codicil to my said will set my hand and seal this fourth day of ffebruary 1812...... signed sealed etc and declared by the above named testator as and for a codicil to his last will above mentioned in the presence of us etc have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses...... Henrich Witte, John Ficker, Major Wright Wellclose Square.

Proved at London with a codicil 16 May 1812 before the worshipfull Samuel Pearce Parson Doctor of Laws and Surregate by the oaths of Carsten Dirs the son, Ludewig Witte and George Dettmar the executors to whom Admon was granted being first sworn duly to administration.

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT499]

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DIRS, Carsten - Admon - summary of PCC Oct 1819
Carsten Dirs, formerly of Wellclose Sq and later Breezers Hill in the parish of St George in the County of Middlesex and of Woodford in the County of Essex, widowed, deceased.
... Rachel Kebbel (wife of Rev Henry Kebbel vicar of Wistow, in Co. of Leic, clerk).
... Sophia Dirs of Woodford in Co. of Essex.
... Sarah Mertens (wife of Herman William Mertens) of 102 Leadenhall St in City of London.
three children and administratixes of deceased.
Under £50,000.

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT499]

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EAMER, John, Sir - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1673, 1823
This is the last will and testament of me Sir John Eamer, Knight, Alderman of the City of London, Colonel of the East London Militia, and Sitting Magistrate for the Borough of Southwark ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Lady Eamer, all the rest and residue of his personal estate, and after her death equally to their children.
* To his son John Harman Eamer all his real estate.
* Appoints Lady Eamer and John Harman Eamer as his executors.
Signed : John Eamer on 8 November 1818.
Witnesses : J Lane, solicitor, John Dollwood and Isabella Webb, servants to Sir John Eamer.

Proved at London on 10 July 1823 by oath of John Harman Eamer.

( The will of Lady Mary Eamer, wife of the late Sir John Eamer, is available at PRO PROB 11/1966, dated 1842. In it can be found that Lady Eamer is the daughter of the late Harman Samler, [sugar refiner of St Ann, Blackfriars] and as such has benefited from the interest and profits from his estate since his death. Upon her death £4000, plus various sums which she considers should amount to a one third part of approx £23,466 in four percent annuities, from his estate should be paid equally to her five children. Harman Samler also made a marriage settlement of £700 in three percent annuities to his daughter which she wishes also to be divided amongst her children.)

[TNA PROB 11/1673 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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EGGERS, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1450, 1806
In the name of God Amen. I Henry Eggers of Fieldgate Street, Whitechapel, Sugar Refiner ...
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his dear wife Margaret Eggers £10,000 and his carriage and horses, and all his plate jewels linen china and household furniture in his dwelling house at Woodford in Essex.
* To his wife Margaret Eggers an annuity of £1000 and his leasehold dwelling house and premises in Woodford, Essex, provided she remain unmarried after his decease. If she remarries both shall become part of the residue of his estate.
* To his daughter Mary Ann Cullum of Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk £500 over and above any sum see gets for her marriage.
* To Elizabeth Pyke wife of Thomas Pyke of Luton, Beds £200, and to Mary Pyke sister of Thomas Pyke £50.
* To Mary Richter wife of John Richter of Newman Street, Westminster £200, and to Elizabeth Richter daughter of John & Mary £100, and to John, Thomas and Henry Richter sons of John & Mary £200 each.
* To Jacob Eggers, Margarethe Stomer & Sophia Willers children of his brother Daniel Eggers of Germany deceased £200 each.
* To Hinrick, Hans Hinrick, Claus, Anna Margarethe & Christian Frederick Eggers children of his brother Frank Hinrick Eggers of Germany deceased £200 each.
* To his sister Maria Hsabe Manshart of Germany £300, and to her children Rudolf Bartram Manshart, Catharina Hsabe Lange, Frank Hinrick Christian Manshart & Joanna Sophia Hsabe £200 each.
* To Amelia Scharmberg & Claus Frederick Bartram Hinsch children of his sister Anna Brigart Hinsch £200 each.
* To the two daughters of his late nephew Jacob Christian Eggers, son of Frank Hinrick Eggers £100 each.
* To the London Hospital £100.
* To the Free School in Roadside, Whitechapel £200.
* To Andrew Henry Althans son of Frederick Charles Althans of Lt Alie Street baker £100, and to his two other sons by his second wife £50 each.
* To his executors all the rest and residue of his estate, and the leasehold house in Woodford etc after his wife’s decease, for them to convert into money and invest in Government stock, the annual dividend from which should go to his daughter Mary Ann Cullum for her natural life, and then equally shared amongst any children she may have.
* Appoints John Roebuck of St Mary at Hill, City of London, grocer and Reverend Thomas G? Cullum of Bury St Edmunds his daughters husband as his executors, and gives them each £500.
Signed : H Eggars on 30 April 1806.
Witnesses : Robert Henderson of Gt Prescott St, Sam White his clerk, and Robert Marshall clerk.

Proved at London on 29 October 1806 by the oaths of both executors.

[ Margaret Eggers, of Woodford, Essex, died from ‘decline’, aged 71, and was buried on 23 March 1811 at St Mary Whitechapel. - BM ]

[TNA PROB 11/1450 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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EHLERS, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB11/899, 1764
In the name of God Amen. I Henry Ehlers of the Savoy, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his daughter Elizabeth Ehlers £1500, and all his household furniture and plate.
* To his friend George Darmond cheesemonger of Orange St £40.
* All the rest and residue of his estate equally divided between his daughter Elizabeth Ehlers and his granddaughter Mary Ehlers daughter of his late son John Ehlers.
* Appoints George Darmond guardian and trustee of Mary Ehlers during her minority, and requests that her share of his estate be invested for her benefit.
* Appoints George Darmond and Elizabeth Ehlers as his executors.
Signed : Henry Ehlers on 14 August 1762.
Witnesses : John Lofthouse, John Woodon.

Proved at London on 18 June 1764 by the oaths of George Dorman otherwise Darmond and Elizabeth Ehlers.

[TNA PROB 11/899 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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EMERSON, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/748, 1746
In the name of God Amen. I Thomas Emerson of the parish of Battersea in the County of Surrey Esq É
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his friend William Chapman of Battersea Sugar Baker his heirs and assigns all his moiety of the copyhold sugar houses warehouses dwelling houses brew house bakehouse cooperage and mill house coach house stables and all other appurtenances thereto belonging now in the tenure or occupation of the said William Chapman situate in the parish of Battersea. William Chapman to pay £1000 to the executors within six months.
* To his sister Ann Axey wife of Peter Axey of Norwich an annuity of £50 during her natural life for her own personal use. Also the sum of £100, and confirmation of his voluntary settlement upon her of his freehold estate situate in Norwich.
* To his servant Mary Andrews an annuity of £50 during her natural life for her own personal use.
* To his servant Mary Andrews £100 in trust for the payment of a £5 annuity to the widow Harris.
* To the Governors of St Thomas's Hospital in Southwark £500.
* To his friend George Arnold an Alderman of the City of London all his printed books being 1000 volumes.
* To his friend Dr Henry Plumtree and the said William Chapman 20 guineas each for mourning.
* To Thomas Truman of Broadstreet London merchant £100.
* To the Mayor Alderman Recorder Steward and Town Clerk of Norwich one guinea each.
* To each of his servants that shall be living with him at the time of his death one years wages over and above that which is due to them.
* All the rest and residue of his estate, consisting of freehold copyhold and leasehold messuages land tenements ready money plate jewels rings monies due to him from the Government monies in public stocks and monies due from any other sources, to the said Governors and Guardians of the Hospital for exposed and deserted young children and to their successors and assigns forever.
Signed : Thomas Emerson 4 January 1745.
Witnesses : Edward Crose in Threadneedle St and Richard Walsh, Anthony Lucas his clerks.

* His pictures in his great parlor at Battersea to: Mr George Arnold the picture of himself; Dr Plumtree that of himself; Mrs Ann Palmer that of Mr Sam Palmer; Mr Thomas Truman that of Joseph and his Mrs which is in the little parlor; Mary Andrews that of himself in the little parlour. T Emerson.
* To the Governors and Guardians of the Hospital for Poor Children his picture over the chimney in the great parlor at Battersea. TE.
* Mr Palmer's picture intended for Mrs Ann Palmer he gives to Mr Wilks. TE.

George Jones Palmer of St Mary Abchurch gent and John Wilson of St Gregory grocer swore oaths to confirm that the added notes to the will were those of Thomas Emerson.

Proved at London 17 July 1746 by the oaths of George Arnold and Thomas Truman to whom admon was granted.

The Gentleman's Magazine of 16 Jul 1746 reads - Ò Thomas Emerson Esq, sugar-baker in Thames Street, who by will left £12,000 to the foundling-hospital and very large legacies to other public charities.Ó

[TNA PROB 11/748 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ENGELKE, Christian - Admon - summary of PCC Dec 1839
On 6 Dec 1839, Administration of the goods, chattels and credits of Christian Engelke late of No 21 Kingsland Rd in the Parish of St Leonard, Shoreditch in the county of Middlesex but at Warpe in the Kingdom of Hanover deceased was granted to Susanna Mary Engelke widow the relict having been first sworn duly to administer. Under £40.

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT495/23]

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ENGELL, John Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1314, 1798
I John Henry Engel of Wellclose Square Sugar Refiner ...
* All his goods, chattels, stock in trade and all other property to his dear wife Margaret Engell.
* Appoints his wife Margaret Engell, Joseph Detmar of Betts Street, George Dettmar of Virginia Street sugarbaker, and Joseph Hedley of St Luke’s sugarbaker as his executors.
Signed : John Henry Engell on 25 October 1798.
Witnesses : John Henry Engell junior and Richard Rutson.

Proved at London on 20 November 1798 by the oaths of all four executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1314 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ENGELL, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1525, 1811
In the name of God Amen. I Henry Engell of Upton Place, West Ham, Essex Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To Sarah Lee of Upton Place spinster £1000, and all his household furniture plate linen china books wearing apparel which is at his dwelling house at Upton Place.
* Appoints his friends George Dettmar of Osborn Street Whitechapel sugar refiner, John Henry Wackerbarth of Upton sugar refiner, and Elijah Goff of Wellclose Square surveyor as his executors, to whom he gives £10 each for mourning.
* To his executors upon trust £1000 to be invested, the interest from which to go to Sarah Lee during her life, and after her death to go towards the maintenance and education of his nephew Frederick Burk and his niece Mary Ann Burk equally until they reach the age of twenty one when the principal £1000 shall be divided equally between them.
* The residue of his estate to his mother Margaret Engell.
Signed : Henry Engell on 27 July 1811.
Witnesses : Major Wright of Wellclose Sq, and John Church of Betts St.

Proved at London on 24 September 1811 by the oaths of the three executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1525 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ENGELL, Margaret - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1600, 1818
I Margaret Engell of Well Close Square, widow of John Henry Engell, late of the same place, sugar refiner ...
* To her four grandsons John Henry Dettmar, George Joseph Dettmar, Joseph Henry Hedley, and John Frederick Burt, equally her sixteen shares in Phoenix Fire Insuranes Office, and twelve shares in Pelican Fire Office.
* To the Savoy German Reformed Church £100; to Reverend Hillier £5, to Jane Casey £20, and to Christian Dettmar £10.
* Appoints her sons-in-law George Dettmar, Joseph Hedley, Joseph Smallwood, and Leonard Sellars as her executors and trustees.
* To the trust of her executors ... two sums of £5000 three percent annuities in the name of her son-in-law George Dettmar, £1000 in the name of her son-in-law Joseph Hedley, £5 In hands of son-in-law Joseph Smallwood, and her leasehold messuage sugarhouse in Wellclose Square, and all rest and residue of her estate, to sell and invest as they see fit. This whole residue of estate to be then divided into six equally parts or shares.
*The interest and dividends of one sixth share for the sole use and benefit of her daughter Catherine Letitia Dettmar.
*The interest and dividends of one sixth share for the sole use and benefit of her daughter Mary Hedley.
*The interest and dividends of one sixth share for the sole use and benefit of her daughter Sarah Smallwood.
*The interest and dividends of one sixth share for the sole use and benefit of her daughter Margaret Sellars.
*The interest and dividends of one sixth share in trust for the sole benefit, equally, of her two grandchildren Mary Ann Burk and John Frederick Burk, on reaching the age of twenty one years.
*The interest and dividends of one sixth share for the sole use and benefit of her daughter Jane Hunt, and after her death equally to her children.
Signed : Margaret Engell on 27 April 1812.
Witnesses : Major Wright, Wellclose Square, Henry Merceron, clerk.

Whereas [Codicil] Her daughter Mary Hedley has died leaving her son-in-law Joseph Hedley and her grandson Joseph Henry Hedley the only child of the marriage ...
*The interest and dividends of one sixth share directed for the sole use and benefit of her late daughter Mary Hedley now to go to her son-in-law Joseph Hedley and after his death to her grandson Joseph Henry Hedley.
* Similarly, if any of her other daughters should die, then their share should go to their respective husbands, and following their death to their respective children in equal shares.
* Regarding the share allotted to her two grandchildren Mary Ann Burk and John Frederick Burk ... she directs that (a) if a loan of £300 plus interest at five percent is not repaid by John Frederick Burt before her decease it shall be deducted from his share, and (b) if Sarah Ridout, late Sarah Lee, or her husband, enforce payment of a bequest of £1000 from her late son, Henry Engell, who died insolvent, then this sum shall be deducted from the whole share due to Mary Ann Burk and John Frederick Burk.
Signed : Margaret Engell on 10 August 1816.
Witnessed : J W Lush, attorney, Wellclose Square.

Appeared J W Lush and Mary Clark swore oaths that the codicil was correct and that of the Margaret Engell late of Blake Hall, Wanstead, Essex. Mary Clark was a servant to Margaret Engell for three years before her death which happened on 17 December 1816. [A long description of the swearing that the codicil was a true one ... the second witness, Mary Clark, could not write and so J W Lush said she could not sign, and that only his signature would be sufficient. Mary Clark gives a full description of the happenings at the time.]

Proved at London with a codicil on 7 January 1818 by the oaths of all four executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1600 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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