HOLTHUS / HOLTHOUSE - a name which, in researching it, brings out the closeness of the German sugar refining community in the area of Wellclose Square.

In the Hoya area of rural Germany, a few miles NW of Hanover, is Bücken, with a number of outlying villages each contributing to its church registers. These registers show the baptism of Carsten Albert Holthus, 25 July 1738, son of Johann Heinrich Holthus and Christina Dorothea Ehlers, who had married 23 Nov 1730. Johann Heinrich was baptised 1690, the son of Cord Heinrich. A family tree shows the Holthus family in Nordholz back to 1608. The tree and registers also show marriages between various members of the Holthus, Dirs, and Engelke families in Nordholz, Calle, and Warpe, with the name Ludike also mentioned.

In the Wellclose Square area of St George's in the East, London, in the period either side of 1800, these names Holthouse, Dirs, Engelke and Ludekins appear again, now having family and/or business connections with the Dettmar, Mertens, Lilkendey, Dolge, Batger and Witte sugar refining families.

In the will of Carston Dirs I, who died 1777 aged 66, he mentions his sugar house in Shorter Street, Wellclose Square, being run by Carsten Holthouse I, and there are directory entries showing the refinery of Dirs & Holthouse 1781-1800 - the latter being the year of the death of Carsten Holthouse I. In his will, proved 14 Aug 1800 to the sum of not more than £10,000, Carsten Holthouse I names Carsten Dirs II, who must have been his business partner, as his sole executor. (When his time came, Carsten Dirs II, who died 1819 aged 60, named Ludwig Witte, George Dettmar, and his own son, as executors.) Carsten Holthouse I married Mary Dolge, daughter of Joachim Frederick Dolge, 30 June 1778, at Little Ilford, Essex. There is evidence of 3 children Carsten 1778-1779, Carsten II 1782, and Mary 1792.

Carsten Holthouse II followed his father's trade. In or about 1805 he went into partnership with William Detmar in the business of sugar refining at premises in Bath Terrace on Back Lane, and later in Breezers Hill and Virginia Street, until William's death in 1824. Carsten Holthouse II married, for a second time, in 1809, and in 1816 leased residential property in Upper Edmonton, borrowing capital from Sophia Dirs. In 1823 he extended the lease on the property, and from the events following William Detmar's untimely death it is clear that he was over-extending himself financially.

William Detmar, of Upton, Essex died July 1824, aged 38, leaving a widow Mary Anne, and no will. Over the next couple of years, the full extent of Carsten's financial plight was brought to light. He owed the estate of William Detmar over £10,000. He borrowed and mortgaged further, and relinquished his interests in all the business premises in order to pay his debts. This done, Mary Ann Detmar immediately leased back to him the sugar house in Back Lane at £386 pa. During 1830 the refinery was destroyed by fire - Carsten rebuilt it, installing the very latest steam equipment at great expense, and so increasing the value of the property, however, he went bankrupt in 1833.
* A deed between Carsten and others for the lease of the Breezers Hill/Virginia St properties is on the 'Refineries' page of this website. Click here. *

Carsten Holthouse II married Mary Kahler soon after his father's death in 1800; they had 5 children of whom 3 died in infancy. Mary lived with her married daughter's family in 1841 and died in Whitechapel Workhouse in 1848. However, Carsten married Harriet Parkin in late 1809; they had 5 sons - a surgeon, a lawyer, a vicar, and 2 who emigrated to Australia. Their children, in turn, appear to have followed these professions. After Harriet's death in 1844, Carsten married Anna Maria Staple in 1849, by which time he appears to have been a wine merchant in Bath.
He died in 1864 ...

to the Memory of
WHO DIED DECR 13. 1864

His headstone in St Mary's churchyard, Smallcombe Vale, Bath.
(My thanks to Phil Bendall)


Much of this information is contained in the Holthouse Collection at NRO. The Collection was made by Edwin Hermus Holthouse, surgeon and eye specialist, and grandson of Carsten Holthouse II, who acquired the advowson of Hellidon, Northamptonshire, from his uncle, Charles Scrafton Holthouse, brother of Carsten III, and vicar of Hellidon.
There are letters from Reggie Holthouse, a grandson of Edwin, who, as a serviceman, "found himself in Bücken" in April 1945. He reported that the church had been damaged, and the church records buried for safe keeping - so he could not see the written record of his 3x gt grandfather's baptism !

[I am grateful to the staff of Northamptonshire Record Office for their help with this research.]


Chronology ...

* CHI signed a marriage bond 29 June 1778 and married Mary Dolge 30 June 1778. (Little Ilford, Essex)
* Their first child (named CH) was born around November 1778, baptised 6 Dec at St Paul Shadwell and was buried 29 Aug 1779 aged 9m St Geo East ...
* CHII was born c1782, he also had a sister Mary.
* CHI signed his will 28 June 1800 and was buried 18 July 1800 aged 63. His will was proved by Carsten Dirs 14 Aug 1800 ... all residue of his estate equally to his two children at age 21 years.
* CHII married Mary Kahler 22 Dec 1800. (St John Horselydown)
* Their children ... Anthony Henry b.22 Jan 1801, d.1801; Mary Elizabeth b.1802, d.1804; John Henry b.1804, d.1806; Mary Ann b.1807; Sarah Ann b.13 May 1809, bpt 4 June 1809. (St Katherine by the Tower)
* 1803 CHII came into his inheritance.
* CHII in Light Horse Volunteers of Westminster & London 30 July 1803 - 26 Sep 1809.
* 1805 CHII went into partnership with William Detmar as sugar refiners.
* 1809 ... clearly CHII found reason to leave Mary (whether a divorce or just a split), but I think he made a settlement maybe for both Mary and her daughters because the 41 census shows Mary as independent, living in Henry St, St Geo East, with Mary Ann and her Carter family.
* CHII married Harriet Parkin late 1809 at St John the Evangelist Westminster; if the first marriage was not dissolved surely this would have been bigamous.
* They had children... Carsten 1810, Henry James 1812, Edward 1813, Charles Scrafton 1815, Thomas Legay 1818, and it was these children that spread the family to Northamptonshire and to Australia.
* Harriet died in 1844 aged 56; buried in the family vault in Edmonton.
* Mary died 1848 at the Workhouse in Whitechapel aged 65; buried St Mary Whitechapel. Given that she had been living with her daughter and family in 1841, and that family were still living at the same address in 1851, I wonder if she was actually taken to the workhouse because of illness and that the family could no longer look after her.
* It would appear that CHII moved to Bath, Somerset, to be a wine merchant late in 1840s.
* CHII married Anna Maria Staple in Bath mid 1849. Perhaps I'm reading too much into this, but did he wait for the death of Mary before remarrying ?
* CHII was back in Leyton, Essex in 1851 styling himself as sugar refiner and wine merchant. He died in Bath in 1864 aged 82. Anna Maria died 1876 London.